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Concentration of radionuclides in uranium tailings and its uptake by plants at Jaduguda, Jharkhand, India

Journal Article:

Abstract

Mining and processing of uranium ore was started in several parts of eastern Singhbhum, viz. Jaduguda, Bhatin and Narwapahar (Jharkhand) in 1968. Radioactivity in the mine tailings has to be consolidated so that it does not emanate in the atmosphere or enter the food chain. Hence, the area has been covered with 30 cm thick soil cover followed by development of plant species that do not have any socioeconomic relevance in the area. Seven native plant species of forestry origin, viz. Colebrookea oppositifolia, Dodonaea viscosa, Furcraea foetida, Imperata cylindrica, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pogostemon benghalense and Saccharum spontaneum have been selected for experimental trials. Distribution and concentration of radionuclides have been evaluated in a tailing pond at different depths in soil and tailings. Radionuclide uptake in each of the selected plant species has been evaluated and discussed in this article. The highest concentration of radionuclides has been found in tailings > soil cover on tailings > roots of selected plant species > shoots of all the selected species. These results show that among the seven species tried, J. gossypifolia and F. foetida have the lowest uptake (below detectable limits), while S. spontaneum and P. benghalense have comparatively higher uptake. However, radionuclide concentration  More>>
Authors:
Singh, Lal; Soni, Prafulla [1] 
  1. Ecology and Environment Div., Forest Research Institute, Dehradun (India)
Publication Date:
Jan 10, 2010
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Current Science (Bangalore); Journal Volume: 98; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: 15 refs., 5 figs., 13 tabs.
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; ORE PROCESSING; RADIOECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS; TAILINGS; URANIUM; URANIUM OXIDES U3O8; ACTINIDE COMPOUNDS; ACTINIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ELEMENTS; KINETICS; METALS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PROCESSING; SOLID WASTES; URANIUM COMPOUNDS; URANIUM OXIDES; WASTES
OSTI ID:
21363238
Country of Origin:
India
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: CUSCAM; TRN: IN1001326082339
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 37-49
Announcement Date:
Dec 04, 2010

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Singh, Lal, and Soni, Prafulla. Concentration of radionuclides in uranium tailings and its uptake by plants at Jaduguda, Jharkhand, India. India: N. p., 2010. Web.
Singh, Lal, & Soni, Prafulla. Concentration of radionuclides in uranium tailings and its uptake by plants at Jaduguda, Jharkhand, India. India.
Singh, Lal, and Soni, Prafulla. 2010. "Concentration of radionuclides in uranium tailings and its uptake by plants at Jaduguda, Jharkhand, India." India.
@misc{etde_21363238,
title = {Concentration of radionuclides in uranium tailings and its uptake by plants at Jaduguda, Jharkhand, India}
author = {Singh, Lal, and Soni, Prafulla}
abstractNote = {Mining and processing of uranium ore was started in several parts of eastern Singhbhum, viz. Jaduguda, Bhatin and Narwapahar (Jharkhand) in 1968. Radioactivity in the mine tailings has to be consolidated so that it does not emanate in the atmosphere or enter the food chain. Hence, the area has been covered with 30 cm thick soil cover followed by development of plant species that do not have any socioeconomic relevance in the area. Seven native plant species of forestry origin, viz. Colebrookea oppositifolia, Dodonaea viscosa, Furcraea foetida, Imperata cylindrica, Jatropha gossypifolia, Pogostemon benghalense and Saccharum spontaneum have been selected for experimental trials. Distribution and concentration of radionuclides have been evaluated in a tailing pond at different depths in soil and tailings. Radionuclide uptake in each of the selected plant species has been evaluated and discussed in this article. The highest concentration of radionuclides has been found in tailings > soil cover on tailings > roots of selected plant species > shoots of all the selected species. These results show that among the seven species tried, J. gossypifolia and F. foetida have the lowest uptake (below detectable limits), while S. spontaneum and P. benghalense have comparatively higher uptake. However, radionuclide concentration in all the tried species is significantly low compared to species of natural occurrence which have higher radionuclides uptake and accumulation. (author)}
journal = {Current Science (Bangalore)}
issue = {1}
volume = {98}
place = {India}
year = {2010}
month = {Jan}
}