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Biological effects of space flight on SP{sub 1} traits of fenugreek

Journal Article:

Abstract

Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-graecum L.) seeds introduced from United Arab Emirates (UAE) were carried to the space by the recoverable satellite 'Shi Jian 8'. After space loading, the seeds were planted to be observed and investigated compared to the control group. The results showed that the germination rate declined after space loading compared to the control group. SP{sub 1} plants grew inhibited first, and then vigorously later at the seedling stage. The branch number, pods and plant weight of SP{sub 1} plants' increased. More important, single pod was changed to dual pod. At the same time, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to analyze and appraise the fenugreek SP{sub 1} seeds. The results indicated that the major components and the structures remained intact, in another word, space mutation had no obvious effect on the quality of SP{sub 1} seeds. Based on the results, some variations mutated by space flight could appear at the present generation. These variations were important to gain high yield. (authors)
Authors:
Rong, Xu; Jing, Yu; Jiang, Xu; Feng, Zhou; Jun, Chen; [1]  Yougang, Liu; [2]  Suqin, Sun [3] 
  1. The Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Beijing Union Medical College, Beijing (China)
  2. Tianjin Univ. of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin (China)
  3. Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Apr 15, 2009
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: 2 figs., 3 tabs., 14 refs.
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; GERMINATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; INHIBITION; LEGUMINOSAE; PLANT GROWTH; PRODUCTIVITY; RADIOINDUCTION; SATELLITES; SEEDLINGS; SEEDS; SPACE FLIGHT; UNITED ARAB EMIRATES; WEIGHT; ARAB COUNTRIES; ASIA; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; GROWTH; INTEGRAL TRANSFORMATIONS; MAGNOLIOPHYTA; MAGNOLIOPSIDA; PLANTS; RADIATION EFFECTS; SPECTRA; TRANSFORMATIONS
OSTI ID:
21361242
Country of Origin:
China
Language:
Chinese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 1000-8551; TRN: CN1002074095596
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 262-265
Announcement Date:
Dec 04, 2010

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Rong, Xu, Jing, Yu, Jiang, Xu, Feng, Zhou, Jun, Chen, Yougang, Liu, and Suqin, Sun. Biological effects of space flight on SP{sub 1} traits of fenugreek. China: N. p., 2009. Web.
Rong, Xu, Jing, Yu, Jiang, Xu, Feng, Zhou, Jun, Chen, Yougang, Liu, & Suqin, Sun. Biological effects of space flight on SP{sub 1} traits of fenugreek. China.
Rong, Xu, Jing, Yu, Jiang, Xu, Feng, Zhou, Jun, Chen, Yougang, Liu, and Suqin, Sun. 2009. "Biological effects of space flight on SP{sub 1} traits of fenugreek." China.
@misc{etde_21361242,
title = {Biological effects of space flight on SP{sub 1} traits of fenugreek}
author = {Rong, Xu, Jing, Yu, Jiang, Xu, Feng, Zhou, Jun, Chen, Yougang, Liu, and Suqin, Sun}
abstractNote = {Fenugreek (Trigonella Foenum-graecum L.) seeds introduced from United Arab Emirates (UAE) were carried to the space by the recoverable satellite 'Shi Jian 8'. After space loading, the seeds were planted to be observed and investigated compared to the control group. The results showed that the germination rate declined after space loading compared to the control group. SP{sub 1} plants grew inhibited first, and then vigorously later at the seedling stage. The branch number, pods and plant weight of SP{sub 1} plants' increased. More important, single pod was changed to dual pod. At the same time, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to analyze and appraise the fenugreek SP{sub 1} seeds. The results indicated that the major components and the structures remained intact, in another word, space mutation had no obvious effect on the quality of SP{sub 1} seeds. Based on the results, some variations mutated by space flight could appear at the present generation. These variations were important to gain high yield. (authors)}
journal = {Acta Agriculturae Nucleatae Sinica}
issue = {2}
volume = {23}
place = {China}
year = {2009}
month = {Apr}
}