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Improvement of beef cattle genetics provided increasing sustainability of beef cattle production and protein consumption in Thailand

Conference:

Abstract

The rural innovation research and development (R and D) in beef cattle genetics, biotechnology, climate science and production systems, supported profitable and sustainable beef cattle production in Thailand. Department of Livestock Development (DLD) undertakes R and D to achieve continuous improvement in genetics, production technologies to improve productivity, profitability and sustainability of beef cattle production and quality of products. Efficiencies were achieved through improvements in genetics, nutrition and grazing management, use of information, meat science, and reduction in ruminant methane production. This function was essential to maintain long-term production competitiveness and achieve sustained economic growth in rural Thailand, where the beef cattle production was the important livestock production, accounting for 36.99% of the value of livestock production in Thailand. Molecular, quantitative genetics, and biotechnology tool were being combined in the development of genetic improvement. In 2006, beef meat was imported 1,842.53 thousand tons (0.41% of all consumption, 120.84 baht/kg). For the big size cattle, such as Tak cattle, Kabinburi cattle (Thai synthetic breeds by DLD, Tak = 62.5 Charoles-Brahman, Kabinburi = 50 Simental- Brahman), and cross breed cattle, they were in fattening period for 6-12 month. Fattening group, they were raised for restaurant, hotel, super market, and steak house. Data  More>>
Authors:
Boonyanuwat, K. , E-mail: kalayabo@yahoo.com; [1]  Sirisom, P; [2]  Putharatanung, A [3] 
  1. Beef Cattle Research and Development Group, Division of Animal Husbandry, Department of Livestock Development, Bangkok (Thailand)
  2. Tak Livestock Breeding and Research Center, Meung (Thailand)
  3. Nongkwang Livestock Research and Breeding Center, Photharam (Thailand)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2009
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-CN-174; IAEA-CN-174/78
Resource Relation:
Conference: FAO/IAEA international symposium on sustainable improvement of animal production and health, Vienna (Austria), 8-11 Jun 2009; Other Information: 3 refs, 1 tab; Related Information: In: FAO/IAEA international symposium on sustainable improvement of animal production and health. Synopses, 461 pages.
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CATTLE; GENETICS; MEAT; PRODUCTION; PRODUCTIVITY; PROTEINS; THAILAND
OSTI ID:
21298461
Research Organizations:
Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Vienna (Austria); United Nations, New York, NY (United States); World Organization for Animal Health, Paris (France); World Health Organization, Geneva (Switzerland); European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0900510033561
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available on-line: http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/aph/BookOfExtendedSynopses.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 77-78
Announcement Date:
Apr 28, 2010

Conference:

Citation Formats

Boonyanuwat, K. , E-mail: kalayabo@yahoo.com, Sirisom, P, and Putharatanung, A. Improvement of beef cattle genetics provided increasing sustainability of beef cattle production and protein consumption in Thailand. IAEA: N. p., 2009. Web.
Boonyanuwat, K. , E-mail: kalayabo@yahoo.com, Sirisom, P, & Putharatanung, A. Improvement of beef cattle genetics provided increasing sustainability of beef cattle production and protein consumption in Thailand. IAEA.
Boonyanuwat, K. , E-mail: kalayabo@yahoo.com, Sirisom, P, and Putharatanung, A. 2009. "Improvement of beef cattle genetics provided increasing sustainability of beef cattle production and protein consumption in Thailand." IAEA.
@misc{etde_21298461,
title = {Improvement of beef cattle genetics provided increasing sustainability of beef cattle production and protein consumption in Thailand}
author = {Boonyanuwat, K. , E-mail: kalayabo@yahoo.com, Sirisom, P, and Putharatanung, A}
abstractNote = {The rural innovation research and development (R and D) in beef cattle genetics, biotechnology, climate science and production systems, supported profitable and sustainable beef cattle production in Thailand. Department of Livestock Development (DLD) undertakes R and D to achieve continuous improvement in genetics, production technologies to improve productivity, profitability and sustainability of beef cattle production and quality of products. Efficiencies were achieved through improvements in genetics, nutrition and grazing management, use of information, meat science, and reduction in ruminant methane production. This function was essential to maintain long-term production competitiveness and achieve sustained economic growth in rural Thailand, where the beef cattle production was the important livestock production, accounting for 36.99% of the value of livestock production in Thailand. Molecular, quantitative genetics, and biotechnology tool were being combined in the development of genetic improvement. In 2006, beef meat was imported 1,842.53 thousand tons (0.41% of all consumption, 120.84 baht/kg). For the big size cattle, such as Tak cattle, Kabinburi cattle (Thai synthetic breeds by DLD, Tak = 62.5 Charoles-Brahman, Kabinburi = 50 Simental- Brahman), and cross breed cattle, they were in fattening period for 6-12 month. Fattening group, they were raised for restaurant, hotel, super market, and steak house. Data were collected from 2 parts: 1) 354 cattle of experimental trial in DLD part, and 2) 492 fattening cattle of small holders in Tak province and Nakorn Pathom province during October 2004-September 2007. Data collecting was separated into 2 parts (performance data and reference). Data were adjusted by group location month and year to analyze for growth, carcass performance and economic performances). There were 5 breeds of fattening beef cattle: 1) Thai Native, 2) Thai Brahman, 3) Kabinburi, 4) Tak, and 5) Tajima-Native. The first group was around 41.00%. They were the smallest size. Farmers raised them by main of grass-fed and some added with concentrate. Meat quality from this group was the lowest. The meat texture of this group is the most firm. It was suitable for Thai food cooking. Meat from this group was used to make meatball and Thai food. The second group was around 38.50%. They were fattening 3-6 month. Meat from this group was medium quality. Farmers fed them with grass, agricultural by product, and concentrate. Meat from this group was used for general Thai food and steak cooking. The third and forth group were around 20.00%. In this group, it was added with other beef cattle: Kampangsaen and Ponyangkhum beef cattle. They were fed higher concentrate, up to 90% of concentrate in the last month of fattening. They were fattening 6-12 month. Farmers fed them following feeding plan of cooperative, so they had the greatest ADG and % carcass. Quality of meat from this group was the best, most tender. Meat from this group was used for steak and shabushabu. Meat from this group had quality the same as import meat. Some of them were better than import meat. It was tenderer. The fifth group was less than 0.5%. They were on experiment to establish new breed by DLD. This group was optimized for Thai farmers, small size and low mature age. Meat from this group had the most tenderness and marbling. Meat from this group had more quality than import meat. It was used for steak and shabushabu. Farmers could earn money from beef cattle raising occupation. Beef cattle genetic improvement provided sustainable productivity, profitability, quality of products, and sustained economic growth in rural Thailand. Beef meat production would be the mainly red meat production and provided protein sources for consumer in Thailand. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2009}
month = {Jul}
}