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Life cycle assessment of energy products: environmental impact assessment of biofuels

Abstract

This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deals with the results of a study that evaluated the environmental impact of the entire production chain of fuels made from biomass and used in Switzerland. Firstly, the study supplies an analysis of the possible environmental impacts of biofuels that can be used as a basis for political decisions. Secondly, an environmental life cycle assessment (LCA) of various biofuels is presented. In addition, the impacts of fuel use are compared with other uses for bioenergy such as the generation of electricity and heat. The methods used in the LCA are discussed, including the Swiss method of ecological scarcity (Environmental Impact Points, UBP 06), and the European Eco-indicator 99 method. The results of the study are discussed, including the finding that not all biofuels can reduce environmental impacts as compared to fossil fuels. The role to be played by biofuels produced in an environmentally-friendly way together with other forms of renewable energy in our future energy supply is discussed.
Publication Date:
May 15, 2007
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SFOE-270020-en
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Also available in German with SFOE number 270020 and in French with SFOE number 270020-fr
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOFUELS; PRODUCTION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ECOLOGICAL BALANCE; LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT; BIOMASS; USES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; BIOMASS CONVERSION PLANTS; HEAT PRODUCTION; POWER GENERATION; FOSSIL FUELS; REVIEWS; SWITZERLAND; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; CALCULATION METHODS; ENERGY POLICY; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Sponsoring Organizations:
Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne (Switzerland); Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, Berne (Switzerland); Swiss Federal Office for Agriculture, Berne (Switzerland)
OSTI ID:
21208801
Research Organizations:
Empa, Technology and Society Lab, St. Gallen (Switzerland)
Country of Origin:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: CH08E1104
Availability:
Commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE21208801
Submitting Site:
CH
Size:
20 pages
Announcement Date:
Aug 20, 2009

Citation Formats

Zah, R, Boeni, H, Gauch, M, Hischier, R, Lehmann, M, and Waeger, P. Life cycle assessment of energy products: environmental impact assessment of biofuels. Switzerland: N. p., 2007. Web.
Zah, R, Boeni, H, Gauch, M, Hischier, R, Lehmann, M, & Waeger, P. Life cycle assessment of energy products: environmental impact assessment of biofuels. Switzerland.
Zah, R, Boeni, H, Gauch, M, Hischier, R, Lehmann, M, and Waeger, P. 2007. "Life cycle assessment of energy products: environmental impact assessment of biofuels." Switzerland.
@misc{etde_21208801,
title = {Life cycle assessment of energy products: environmental impact assessment of biofuels}
author = {Zah, R, Boeni, H, Gauch, M, Hischier, R, Lehmann, M, and Waeger, P}
abstractNote = {This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) deals with the results of a study that evaluated the environmental impact of the entire production chain of fuels made from biomass and used in Switzerland. Firstly, the study supplies an analysis of the possible environmental impacts of biofuels that can be used as a basis for political decisions. Secondly, an environmental life cycle assessment (LCA) of various biofuels is presented. In addition, the impacts of fuel use are compared with other uses for bioenergy such as the generation of electricity and heat. The methods used in the LCA are discussed, including the Swiss method of ecological scarcity (Environmental Impact Points, UBP 06), and the European Eco-indicator 99 method. The results of the study are discussed, including the finding that not all biofuels can reduce environmental impacts as compared to fossil fuels. The role to be played by biofuels produced in an environmentally-friendly way together with other forms of renewable energy in our future energy supply is discussed.}
place = {Switzerland}
year = {2007}
month = {May}
}