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Interaction of carbon nano tubes with DNA segments; Interacao de nanotubos de carbono com segmentos de DNA

Abstract

Single- and double-stranded DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecules can strongly bind to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) via non-covalent interactions. Under certain conditions, the DNA molecule spontaneously self-assembles into a helical wrapping around the tubular structure of the carbon nanotubes to form DNA/SWNT hybrids, which are both stable and soluble in water. This system has recently received extensive attention, since, besides rendering SWNTs dispersible in water as individual tubes, the DNA hybrids are very promising candidates for many applications in nanotechnology and molecular biology. All the possible applications for DNA-SWNT hybrids require, however, a fully understanding of DNA-nanotube wrapping mechanism which is still lacking in the literature. In this context, the aim of this work was to investigate the non-covalent interaction in aqueous medium between SWNTs and synthetic DNA segments having a known nucleotide sequence. Initially, the study was focused on poly d(GT)n sequences (n = 10, 30 and 45) that contain a sequence of alternating guanine and thymine bases and for which the efficiency to disperse and separate carbon nanotubes has already been demonstrated. Besides the size of GT sequences, the effects of ionic strength and pH in the interaction were also investigated. Afterwards, we studied the interaction of SWNT with  More>>
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2007
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
INIS-BR-4570
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Diss. (M.Sc.); 116 refs., 56 figs., 13 tabs
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BIOPHYSICS; BIOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON; DNA; DNA SEQUENCING; ELECTROPHORESIS; GENETIC ENGINEERING; MAGNETIC CIRCULAR DICHROISM; MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; MOLECULES; NANOTUBES; POLYMERS; STRUCTURAL CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; SURFACTANTS
OSTI ID:
21073058
Research Organizations:
Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencia e Tecnologia das Radiacoes, Minerais e Materiais
Country of Origin:
Brazil
Language:
Portuguese
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: BR08V2686086450
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
BRN
Size:
123 pages
Announcement Date:
Sep 30, 2008

Citation Formats

Peressinotto, Valdirene Sullas Teixeira. Interaction of carbon nano tubes with DNA segments; Interacao de nanotubos de carbono com segmentos de DNA. Brazil: N. p., 2007. Web.
Peressinotto, Valdirene Sullas Teixeira. Interaction of carbon nano tubes with DNA segments; Interacao de nanotubos de carbono com segmentos de DNA. Brazil.
Peressinotto, Valdirene Sullas Teixeira. 2007. "Interaction of carbon nano tubes with DNA segments; Interacao de nanotubos de carbono com segmentos de DNA." Brazil.
@misc{etde_21073058,
title = {Interaction of carbon nano tubes with DNA segments; Interacao de nanotubos de carbono com segmentos de DNA}
author = {Peressinotto, Valdirene Sullas Teixeira}
abstractNote = {Single- and double-stranded DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) molecules can strongly bind to single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) via non-covalent interactions. Under certain conditions, the DNA molecule spontaneously self-assembles into a helical wrapping around the tubular structure of the carbon nanotubes to form DNA/SWNT hybrids, which are both stable and soluble in water. This system has recently received extensive attention, since, besides rendering SWNTs dispersible in water as individual tubes, the DNA hybrids are very promising candidates for many applications in nanotechnology and molecular biology. All the possible applications for DNA-SWNT hybrids require, however, a fully understanding of DNA-nanotube wrapping mechanism which is still lacking in the literature. In this context, the aim of this work was to investigate the non-covalent interaction in aqueous medium between SWNTs and synthetic DNA segments having a known nucleotide sequence. Initially, the study was focused on poly d(GT)n sequences (n = 10, 30 and 45) that contain a sequence of alternating guanine and thymine bases and for which the efficiency to disperse and separate carbon nanotubes has already been demonstrated. Besides the size of GT sequences, the effects of ionic strength and pH in the interaction were also investigated. Afterwards, we studied the interaction of SWNT with DNA molecules that contain only a single type of nitrogenous base (DNA homopolymers), which has not been reported in details in the literature. We investigated homopolymers of poly dA{sub 20}, poly dT{sub 20}, poly dC{sub 20} and the duplex poly dA{sub 20}:dT{sub 20}. Most of the study was carried out with small-diameter HiPco SWNTs (with diameters between 0.7 and 1.2 nm). In some studies, SWNTs with diameter around 1.4 nm, synthesized via laser ablation and arc-discharge methods, were also investigated. The arc-discharge nanotubes used in this study were functionalized with carboxylic groups (-COOH) due to their purification using strong acid solutions. The efficiency of DNA segments to disperse SWNT was further investigated through the comparison with known dispersant agents such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (NaDDBS) and sodium cholate (NaC). (author)}
place = {Brazil}
year = {2007}
month = {Jul}
}