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Application Of Nuclear Techniques In Environmental Studies And Pollution Control

Abstract

Environmental pollution has become a world wide concern. One of the main sources of such pollution is sewage wastewater and sludge. Their utilization without proper treatment can pollute the ecosystem (plant, soil, surface and ground water). Sewage wastewater and sludge contains several pollutants such as: pathogens, toxic organic compounds, heavy metals, high level of BOD and COD, seed weed. The reuse of sewage water and sludge in agriculture can lead to the transfer of some of these pollutants into the food chain causing health hazard. In addition, most of these contaminants are not biodegradable, becoming dangerous to plant and human health. Nuclear techniques has recently been used to control environmental pollution. Ionizing radiation provide a fast and reliable means of sewage water and sludge treatment than the conventional methods. Gamma radiation ( {sup 60}Co) and electron beam (accelerator) has been successfully used for alleviation of environmental pollution. Such alleviation includes: disinfection of harmful pathogens, degradation of toxic organic pollutants, destruction of seed weed and reduction of soluble heavy metals, odor and BOD and COD. The use of radioactive and stable isotopes are a useful tools to investigate the contribution of sludge nutrients to plant nutrition. Nitrogen, using {sup 15}N-ammonium sulfate,  More>>
Authors:
EI-Motaium, R A [1] 
  1. Plant Research Department, Nuclear Research Ceter, Atomic Energy Authority, Inshas P.O. Box 13759, Cairo (Egypt)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2007
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-EG-193
Resource Relation:
Conference: EPC-06: 2. Environmental Physics Conference, Alexandria (Egypt), 18-22 Feb 2006; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the Second Environmental Physics Conference (EPC-2006), by Comsan, M.N.H. [Nuclear Research Center, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo (Egypt)], 247 pages.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ECOSYSTEMS; ELECTRON BEAMS; ENVIRONMENT; GAMMA RADIATION; GROUND WATER; HEAVY METALS; IONIZING RADIATIONS; ISOTOPES; MOISTURE; NITROGEN 15; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; PLANTS; POLLUTION; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIOACTIVITY; SEWAGE SLUDGE; TOXICITY; USES
OSTI ID:
21016616
Research Organizations:
Egyptian Nuclear Physics Association (ENPA) (Egypt); Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority (EAEA) (Egypt); Alexandria University- Instititute of graduate Studies and Research (IGSR) (Egypt)
Country of Origin:
Egypt
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: EG0800100038848
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 169-182
Announcement Date:
May 23, 2008

Citation Formats

EI-Motaium, R A. Application Of Nuclear Techniques In Environmental Studies And Pollution Control. Egypt: N. p., 2007. Web.
EI-Motaium, R A. Application Of Nuclear Techniques In Environmental Studies And Pollution Control. Egypt.
EI-Motaium, R A. 2007. "Application Of Nuclear Techniques In Environmental Studies And Pollution Control." Egypt.
@misc{etde_21016616,
title = {Application Of Nuclear Techniques In Environmental Studies And Pollution Control}
author = {EI-Motaium, R A}
abstractNote = {Environmental pollution has become a world wide concern. One of the main sources of such pollution is sewage wastewater and sludge. Their utilization without proper treatment can pollute the ecosystem (plant, soil, surface and ground water). Sewage wastewater and sludge contains several pollutants such as: pathogens, toxic organic compounds, heavy metals, high level of BOD and COD, seed weed. The reuse of sewage water and sludge in agriculture can lead to the transfer of some of these pollutants into the food chain causing health hazard. In addition, most of these contaminants are not biodegradable, becoming dangerous to plant and human health. Nuclear techniques has recently been used to control environmental pollution. Ionizing radiation provide a fast and reliable means of sewage water and sludge treatment than the conventional methods. Gamma radiation ( {sup 60}Co) and electron beam (accelerator) has been successfully used for alleviation of environmental pollution. Such alleviation includes: disinfection of harmful pathogens, degradation of toxic organic pollutants, destruction of seed weed and reduction of soluble heavy metals, odor and BOD and COD. The use of radioactive and stable isotopes are a useful tools to investigate the contribution of sludge nutrients to plant nutrition. Nitrogen, using {sup 15}N-ammonium sulfate, uptake and translocation by plant from soil amended with sewage sludge was studied under field condition. The contribution of sludge to phosphorus nutrition of plants was quantified using {sup 32}p as tracer. In both cases the principal of isotopic dilution technique was applied. The information generated from these experiments could help preserve the environment. It could help optimize the application rate of sludge to meet plant requirements while avoiding the accumulation of N and P in the soil or leaching to the aquifer. Isotope exchange kinetic technique is used to evaluate nutrients availability from sludge. Neutron moisture meter is used to measure soil water content.}
place = {Egypt}
year = {2007}
month = {Jul}
}