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Seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes

Journal Article:

Abstract

Full text: This Symposium organized in co-operation with the Gesellschaft fur Strahlen- und Umweltforschung mbH (GSF), Neuherberg near Munich, Federal Republic of Germany, was the culmination of the eight year FAO/IAEA/GSF Co-ordinated Research Programme to Improve Protein Content and Quality of Crops by Nuclear Techniques The co-ordinated research programme has stimulated plant breeding in developing countries, assisted in the development of techniques for the identification and evaluation of nutritionally improved mutants and encouraged basic research on seed storage proteins. The Symposium comprised 90 scientific presentations plus equipment displays. Sixty-one scientific papers were orally presented and discussed in eight sessions. An additional 29 scientific contributions were presented as posters and were on display throughout the Symposium. One afternoon of the Symposium was devoted to examination and individual discussion of the poster displays. It was especially notable that this method of presentation and discussion of scientific results was very favourably received. Five items of scientific equipment demonstrated analytical systems in use for protein or amino acid assay in plant breeding programmes. The Symposium clearly demonstrated the reality of nutritional deficiencies in poor countries and outlined plant breeding strategies for overcoming these. Progress was reported in improving the nutritional quality of cereals (wheat,  More>>
Authors:
"NONE"
Publication Date:
Dec 15, 1978
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: IAEA Bulletin; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 6; Conference: FAO/IAEA international symposium on seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes, Neuherberg (Germany), 4-8 Sep 1978
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOASSAY; CEREALS; CROPS; NUTRIENTS; NUTRITION; PLANT BREEDING; PRODUCTIVITY; PROTEINS; RADIATION INDUCED MUTANTS; SEEDS; TRAINING
OSTI ID:
21003619
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-6067; IAEBAB; TRN: XA0703001027742
Availability:
Available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull206/20605784142.pdf;INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 41-42
Announcement Date:
Apr 19, 2008

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes. IAEA: N. p., 1978. Web.
Seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes. IAEA.
1978. "Seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes." IAEA.
@misc{etde_21003619,
title = {Seed protein improvement in cereals and grain legumes}
abstractNote = {Full text: This Symposium organized in co-operation with the Gesellschaft fur Strahlen- und Umweltforschung mbH (GSF), Neuherberg near Munich, Federal Republic of Germany, was the culmination of the eight year FAO/IAEA/GSF Co-ordinated Research Programme to Improve Protein Content and Quality of Crops by Nuclear Techniques The co-ordinated research programme has stimulated plant breeding in developing countries, assisted in the development of techniques for the identification and evaluation of nutritionally improved mutants and encouraged basic research on seed storage proteins. The Symposium comprised 90 scientific presentations plus equipment displays. Sixty-one scientific papers were orally presented and discussed in eight sessions. An additional 29 scientific contributions were presented as posters and were on display throughout the Symposium. One afternoon of the Symposium was devoted to examination and individual discussion of the poster displays. It was especially notable that this method of presentation and discussion of scientific results was very favourably received. Five items of scientific equipment demonstrated analytical systems in use for protein or amino acid assay in plant breeding programmes. The Symposium clearly demonstrated the reality of nutritional deficiencies in poor countries and outlined plant breeding strategies for overcoming these. Progress was reported in improving the nutritional quality of cereals (wheat, maize, rice, barley, sorghum, millet, triticale, oats), legumes (beans, peas, soybeans, field beans, chick peas, lentils, pigeon peas, cowpeas, grams, peanuts) and some other crops (cotton, buckwheat). Notable results have been achieved, but much of the work has been in progress less than 10 years, which is too short a time for the development, testing and release of commercial varieties. Chemical and nutritional assay methods, including some promising new methods were reviewed and assessed. Rapid developments in knowledge of the genetics, biochemistry and physiology of seed proteins are providing the basis for future plant breeding strategies. The Symposium concluded with reviews of the possible use of cell cultures and genetic transformations for seed protein improvement and a consideration of prospects for future developments of food and feed materials. Increased scientific knowledge and the application of molecular biology and genetic engineering techniques will have an undoubted influence upon the course and speed of future progress. However, the solution of the immediate nutritional problems of the poor and the hungry is very much dependent upon the vigorous and intelligent application of existing knowledge and techniques to produce and promote the use of plant genotypes with improved nutritional value. Until there is a market value for nutritional quality such varieties will have to be at least equal in yield and all other characteristics to the varieties commonly grown. (author)}
journal = {IAEA Bulletin}
issue = {6}
volume = {20}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1978}
month = {Dec}
}