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Reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells

Abstract

PEM fuel cell systems are considered as a sustainable option for the future transport sector in the future. There is great interest in converting current hydrocarbon based transportation fuels into hydrogen rich gases acceptable by PEM fuel cells on-board of vehicles. In this paper, we compare the results of our simulation studies for 100kW PEM fuel cell systems utilizing three different major reforming technologies, namely steam reforming (SREF), partial oxidation (POX) and autothermal reforming (ATR). Natural gas, gasoline and diesel are the selected hydrocarbon fuels. It is desired to investigate the effect of the selected fuel reforming options on the overall fuel cell system efficiency, which depends on the fuel processing, PEM fuel cell and auxiliary system efficiencies. The Aspen-HYSYS 3.1 code has been used for simulation purposes. Process parameters of fuel preparation steps have been determined considering the limitations set by the catalysts and hydrocarbons involved. Results indicate that fuel properties, fuel processing system and its operation parameters, and PEM fuel cell characteristics all affect the overall system efficiencies. Steam reforming appears as the most efficient fuel preparation option for all investigated fuels. Natural gas with steam reforming shows the highest fuel cell system efficiency. Good heat integration within  More>>
Authors:
Ersoz, Atilla; Olgun, Hayati; [1]  Ozdogan, Sibel [2] 
  1. TUBITAK Marmara Research Center, Institute of Energy, Gebze, 41470 Kocaeli (Turkey)
  2. Marmara University Faculty of Engineering, Goztepe, 81040 Istanbul (Turkey)
Publication Date:
Mar 09, 2006
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Power Sources; Journal Volume: 154; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS; NATURAL GAS; GASOLINE; HYDROCARBONS; ASPENS; EFFICIENCY; HYDROGEN PRODUCTION; HYDROGEN; STEAM; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; HEAT; OXIDATION; PROCESSING; SIMULATION; AUXILIARY SYSTEMS; CATALYSTS; TRANSPORT; VEHICLES
OSTI ID:
20983506
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; JPSODZ; TRN: NL06V3211
Availability:
Available from doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.02.092
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
page(s) 67-73
Announcement Date:
Mar 07, 2008

Citation Formats

Ersoz, Atilla, Olgun, Hayati, and Ozdogan, Sibel. Reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells. Netherlands: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.02.092.
Ersoz, Atilla, Olgun, Hayati, & Ozdogan, Sibel. Reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.02.092.
Ersoz, Atilla, Olgun, Hayati, and Ozdogan, Sibel. 2006. "Reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells." Netherlands. doi:10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.02.092. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.02.092.
@misc{etde_20983506,
title = {Reforming options for hydrogen production from fossil fuels for PEM fuel cells}
author = {Ersoz, Atilla, Olgun, Hayati, and Ozdogan, Sibel}
abstractNote = {PEM fuel cell systems are considered as a sustainable option for the future transport sector in the future. There is great interest in converting current hydrocarbon based transportation fuels into hydrogen rich gases acceptable by PEM fuel cells on-board of vehicles. In this paper, we compare the results of our simulation studies for 100kW PEM fuel cell systems utilizing three different major reforming technologies, namely steam reforming (SREF), partial oxidation (POX) and autothermal reforming (ATR). Natural gas, gasoline and diesel are the selected hydrocarbon fuels. It is desired to investigate the effect of the selected fuel reforming options on the overall fuel cell system efficiency, which depends on the fuel processing, PEM fuel cell and auxiliary system efficiencies. The Aspen-HYSYS 3.1 code has been used for simulation purposes. Process parameters of fuel preparation steps have been determined considering the limitations set by the catalysts and hydrocarbons involved. Results indicate that fuel properties, fuel processing system and its operation parameters, and PEM fuel cell characteristics all affect the overall system efficiencies. Steam reforming appears as the most efficient fuel preparation option for all investigated fuels. Natural gas with steam reforming shows the highest fuel cell system efficiency. Good heat integration within the fuel cell system is absolutely necessary to achieve acceptable overall system efficiencies. (author)}
doi = {10.1016/J.JPOWSOUR.2005.02.092}
journal = {Journal of Power Sources}
issue = {1}
volume = {154}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {2006}
month = {Mar}
}