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Rapid and slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell: effect of pyrolysis conditions on the product yields and characterization of the liquid product

Journal Article:

Abstract

This study reports the experimental results for the pyrolysis of pistachio shell under different conditions in a tubular reactor under a nitrogen flow. For the different conditions of pyrolysis temperature, nitrogen flow rate and heating rate, pyrolysis temperature of 773 K gave the highest bio-oil yield with a value of 27.7% when the heating rate and carrier gas flow rate were chosen as 300 K min{sup -1} and 100 cm{sup 3} min{sup -1}, respectively. Column chromatography was applied to this bio-oil and its subfractions were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and 1H-NMR. Aliphatic subfraction was conducted to gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy for further characterization. The results for the characterization show that using pistachio shell as a renewable source to produce valuable liquid products is applicable via pyrolysis. (Author)
Authors:
Putun, Ayse E; [1]  Ozbay, Nurgul; [2]  Varol, Esin Apaydin; Uzun, Basak B; Ates, Fuda [1] 
  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Anadolu University, Eskisehir 26470, (Turkey)
  2. Bozuyuk Vocational School, Anadolu University, Bozuyuk/Bilecik, (Turkey)
Publication Date:
Oct 30, 2006
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Energy Research; Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 5
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; NUTS; PYROLYSIS; BIOFUELS; VEGETABLE OILS; PYROLYTIC OILS
OSTI ID:
20980479
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0363-907X; IJERDN; TRN: GB0518136
Submitting Site:
GB
Size:
page(s) 506-514
Announcement Date:
Feb 28, 2008

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Putun, Ayse E, Ozbay, Nurgul, Varol, Esin Apaydin, Uzun, Basak B, and Ates, Fuda. Rapid and slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell: effect of pyrolysis conditions on the product yields and characterization of the liquid product. United Kingdom: N. p., 2006. Web.
Putun, Ayse E, Ozbay, Nurgul, Varol, Esin Apaydin, Uzun, Basak B, & Ates, Fuda. Rapid and slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell: effect of pyrolysis conditions on the product yields and characterization of the liquid product. United Kingdom.
Putun, Ayse E, Ozbay, Nurgul, Varol, Esin Apaydin, Uzun, Basak B, and Ates, Fuda. 2006. "Rapid and slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell: effect of pyrolysis conditions on the product yields and characterization of the liquid product." United Kingdom.
@misc{etde_20980479,
title = {Rapid and slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell: effect of pyrolysis conditions on the product yields and characterization of the liquid product}
author = {Putun, Ayse E, Ozbay, Nurgul, Varol, Esin Apaydin, Uzun, Basak B, and Ates, Fuda}
abstractNote = {This study reports the experimental results for the pyrolysis of pistachio shell under different conditions in a tubular reactor under a nitrogen flow. For the different conditions of pyrolysis temperature, nitrogen flow rate and heating rate, pyrolysis temperature of 773 K gave the highest bio-oil yield with a value of 27.7% when the heating rate and carrier gas flow rate were chosen as 300 K min{sup -1} and 100 cm{sup 3} min{sup -1}, respectively. Column chromatography was applied to this bio-oil and its subfractions were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and 1H-NMR. Aliphatic subfraction was conducted to gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy for further characterization. The results for the characterization show that using pistachio shell as a renewable source to produce valuable liquid products is applicable via pyrolysis. (Author)}
journal = {International Journal of Energy Research}
issue = {5}
volume = {31}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {2006}
month = {Oct}
}