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Determination of radioactive risks connected with the working of a nuclear plant; Evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire

Abstract

Numerous problems which are posed by the evaluation of the radioactive risks linked to the working of a nuclear plant are new problems which have not yet been satisfactorily solved. In these conditions this study must be considered only as a preliminary approach whose essential aims are the following: - development and synthesis of the existing data; - rapid determination of conservative and usable orders of greatness for the security factors, both for normal working and in the case of an accident. The most probable typical accidents are reviewed together with the nature of the resulting risks and the principal factors on which these risks depend. Among these factors, one of the most important is atmospheric diffusion which is studied in some detail using the analytic model due to Sutton. A logical graphical presentation increasing the flexibility in the use of the results and presents the responsible authorities with a flexible, practical and rapid means of evaluating the risks involved starting from a sufficiently general system of initial and simultaneously valid conditions (types of accident, atmospheric conditions). (author) [French] De nombreux problemes souleves par l'evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire sont des problemes nouveaux qui n'ont  More>>
Authors:
Lavie, J M; Doury, A [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1960
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-1724
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 25 refs
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; EXTERNAL IRRADIATION; FALLOUT DEPOSITS; FISSION PRODUCT RELEASE; INTERNAL IRRADIATION; IODINE 131; MAXIMUM CREDIBLE ACCIDENT; METEOROLOGY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; PLUMES; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIOACTIVE AEROSOLS; RADIOACTIVE CLOUDS; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; REACTOR SAFETY; RISK ASSESSMENT; STRONTIUM 90; SURFACE CONTAMINATION; TEMPERATURE INVERSIONS; WIND
OSTI ID:
20967961
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR07R1724116746
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
106 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 29, 2007

Citation Formats

Lavie, J M, and Doury, A. Determination of radioactive risks connected with the working of a nuclear plant; Evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire. France: N. p., 1960. Web.
Lavie, J M, & Doury, A. Determination of radioactive risks connected with the working of a nuclear plant; Evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire. France.
Lavie, J M, and Doury, A. 1960. "Determination of radioactive risks connected with the working of a nuclear plant; Evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire." France.
@misc{etde_20967961,
title = {Determination of radioactive risks connected with the working of a nuclear plant; Evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire}
author = {Lavie, J M, and Doury, A}
abstractNote = {Numerous problems which are posed by the evaluation of the radioactive risks linked to the working of a nuclear plant are new problems which have not yet been satisfactorily solved. In these conditions this study must be considered only as a preliminary approach whose essential aims are the following: - development and synthesis of the existing data; - rapid determination of conservative and usable orders of greatness for the security factors, both for normal working and in the case of an accident. The most probable typical accidents are reviewed together with the nature of the resulting risks and the principal factors on which these risks depend. Among these factors, one of the most important is atmospheric diffusion which is studied in some detail using the analytic model due to Sutton. A logical graphical presentation increasing the flexibility in the use of the results and presents the responsible authorities with a flexible, practical and rapid means of evaluating the risks involved starting from a sufficiently general system of initial and simultaneously valid conditions (types of accident, atmospheric conditions). (author) [French] De nombreux problemes souleves par l'evaluation des risques radioactifs lies au fonctionnement d'une installation nucleaire sont des problemes nouveaux qui n'ont pas encore recu de solution satisfaisante. Dans ces conditions cette etude ne doit etre consideree que comme une premiere approche dont les objectifs essentiels sont les suivants: - mise au point et synthese de donnees existantes; - determination rapide d'ordres de grandeur conservatifs et utilisables de valeurs de securite, tant en fonctionnement normal qu'en cas d'accident. Les accidents types les plus probables sont passes en revue ainsi que la nature des risques qui en decoulent et les principaux facteurs dont dependent ces risques. Parmi ces facteurs, l'un des plus importants est la diffusion atmospherique qui fait l'objet d'une etude particuliere a l'aide du modele analytique de SUTTON. Une presentation graphique systematique accroit la souplesse d'utilisation des resultats et met a la disposition des autorites responsables un moyen souple, pratique et rapide de determiner les risques encourus a partir d'un ensemble suffisamment etendu de conditions initiales et simultanees (types d'accidents, situations atmospheriques). (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1960}
month = {Jul}
}