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Friction Factors in Rough Rod Bundles Estimated from Experiments in Partially Rough Annuli - Effects of Dissimilarities in the Shear Stress and Turbulence Distributions

Abstract

Experiments with rough surface friction and heat transfer are often made in an annulus with rough inner surface and smooth outer surface. Utilization of data from such experiments for calculation of rough rod bundle fuel elements requires a transformation of the data. For this purpose the method of WB Hall is frequently used. The errors introduced by two of the assumptions on which this method is based, namely the assumptions of zero shear at the radius of maximum velocity and the assumption of no turbulence exchange between the subchannels, are discussed, and the magnitude of the errors is estimated on basis of experiments in a partially rough annulus. It is found that the necessary corrections does not amount to more than about + 10 % for the friction factor and + 15 % for the Reynolds number and the equivalent diameter. The correction for the turbulence exchange alone is of the order of 2-3 %. A comparison of friction factors measured in a rough 48-rod bundle and predicted from measurements in a partially rough annulus was also made. The prediction was 5 % high instead of about 10 % low which could have been expected from the considerations earlier in  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Dec 15, 1968
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
AE-343
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 9 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; ROUGHNESS; ANNULAR SPACE; SHEAR; FRICTION; FUEL ELEMENT CLUSTERS; HEAT TRANSFER; TURBULENT FLOW; REACTOR COOLING SYSTEMS
OSTI ID:
20956253
Research Organizations:
AB Atomenergi, Nykoeping (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: SE0708687
Availability:
Commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20956253
Submitting Site:
SWDN
Size:
34 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 31, 2007

Citation Formats

Kjellstroem, B. Friction Factors in Rough Rod Bundles Estimated from Experiments in Partially Rough Annuli - Effects of Dissimilarities in the Shear Stress and Turbulence Distributions. Sweden: N. p., 1968. Web.
Kjellstroem, B. Friction Factors in Rough Rod Bundles Estimated from Experiments in Partially Rough Annuli - Effects of Dissimilarities in the Shear Stress and Turbulence Distributions. Sweden.
Kjellstroem, B. 1968. "Friction Factors in Rough Rod Bundles Estimated from Experiments in Partially Rough Annuli - Effects of Dissimilarities in the Shear Stress and Turbulence Distributions." Sweden.
@misc{etde_20956253,
title = {Friction Factors in Rough Rod Bundles Estimated from Experiments in Partially Rough Annuli - Effects of Dissimilarities in the Shear Stress and Turbulence Distributions}
author = {Kjellstroem, B}
abstractNote = {Experiments with rough surface friction and heat transfer are often made in an annulus with rough inner surface and smooth outer surface. Utilization of data from such experiments for calculation of rough rod bundle fuel elements requires a transformation of the data. For this purpose the method of WB Hall is frequently used. The errors introduced by two of the assumptions on which this method is based, namely the assumptions of zero shear at the radius of maximum velocity and the assumption of no turbulence exchange between the subchannels, are discussed, and the magnitude of the errors is estimated on basis of experiments in a partially rough annulus. It is found that the necessary corrections does not amount to more than about + 10 % for the friction factor and + 15 % for the Reynolds number and the equivalent diameter. The correction for the turbulence exchange alone is of the order of 2-3 %. A comparison of friction factors measured in a rough 48-rod bundle and predicted from measurements in a partially rough annulus was also made. The prediction was 5 % high instead of about 10 % low which could have been expected from the considerations earlier in the report. Explanations for this can be found in the effect of the channel shape or inaccuracies in the rod bundle experiment. Annulus experiments which will allow comparisons with other rod bundle experiments will be run to clarify this.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1968}
month = {Dec}
}