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The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960)

Abstract

After recalling the entry of nuclear energy into energy production in France, the paper emphasizes the evolution of techniques applied in the designing of French nuclear power plants and describes the means employed for reducing costs per kWh of EDF2 and EDF3 compared with EDF1: the electric power per ton of uranium varies from 493 kW/t for EDF1 to 970 kW/t for EDF3. For this purpose the thermal power and electric power of units are changed respectively from 290 MWt for EDF1 to 1200 or 1600 MWt for EDF3 and from 28 to 250 MW. The results are obtained by an improvement in neutronic characteristics, developments in nuclear fuel technology, and simplification of the system of charging the reactor, whose means of maintenance are increased; the EDF2 heat-exchangers have been so designed as to increase the unit power of the elements, which will attain 9 MWt, as against 3 for EDF1. For EDF3 an advance project forecasts a thermodynamic layout with only one pressure stage. The paper ends with a description of the burst-slug detection systems, and an appendix gives a detailed comparative table of EDF1, EDF2 and EDF3 plant characteristics. (author) [French] Apres avoir rappele l'integration de l'energie nucleaire  More>>
Authors:
Leduc, C; [1]  Roux, J P [2] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France).Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
  2. Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1960
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-1660
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 3 refs
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; CHINON-1 REACTOR; CHINON-2 REACTOR; CHINON-3 REACTOR; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COST; FAILED ELEMENT DETECTION; FRANCE; HEAT EXCHANGERS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; POWER GENERATION; RADIATION PROTECTION; REACTOR MAINTENANCE; REACTOR OPERATION; SPECIFICATIONS
OSTI ID:
20953751
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR07R1660105032
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
29 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 27, 2007

Citation Formats

Leduc, C, and Roux, J P. The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960). France: N. p., 1960. Web.
Leduc, C, & Roux, J P. The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960). France.
Leduc, C, and Roux, J P. 1960. "The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960)." France.
@misc{etde_20953751,
title = {The nuclear power stations of the French atomic energy programme (1960); Les centrales nucleaires de puissance du programme francais (1960)}
author = {Leduc, C, and Roux, J P}
abstractNote = {After recalling the entry of nuclear energy into energy production in France, the paper emphasizes the evolution of techniques applied in the designing of French nuclear power plants and describes the means employed for reducing costs per kWh of EDF2 and EDF3 compared with EDF1: the electric power per ton of uranium varies from 493 kW/t for EDF1 to 970 kW/t for EDF3. For this purpose the thermal power and electric power of units are changed respectively from 290 MWt for EDF1 to 1200 or 1600 MWt for EDF3 and from 28 to 250 MW. The results are obtained by an improvement in neutronic characteristics, developments in nuclear fuel technology, and simplification of the system of charging the reactor, whose means of maintenance are increased; the EDF2 heat-exchangers have been so designed as to increase the unit power of the elements, which will attain 9 MWt, as against 3 for EDF1. For EDF3 an advance project forecasts a thermodynamic layout with only one pressure stage. The paper ends with a description of the burst-slug detection systems, and an appendix gives a detailed comparative table of EDF1, EDF2 and EDF3 plant characteristics. (author) [French] Apres avoir rappele l'integration de l'energie nucleaire parmi les moyens de production de l'energie en France, les auteurs se penchent surtout sur l'evolution des techniques appliquees dans l'equipement des centrales nucleaires francaises et decrivent les moyens mis en oeuvre pour reduire les prix de revient du kWh d'EDF2 et d'EDF3 par rapport a EDF1: la puissance electrique par tonne d'uranium varie de 493 kW/t pour EDF1 a 970 kW/t pour EDF3. C'est dans ce but que les puissances thermiques et la puissance unitaire des groupes turbo-alternateurs passent respectivement de 290 MWt pour EDF1 a 1200 ou 1600 MWt pour EDF3 et de 82 a 250 MW. Les resultats sont obtenus par une amelioration des caracteristiques neutroniques, des progres realises sur la technologie des elements combustibles, une simplification du systeme de chargement du reacteur dont les moyens de manutention ont ete augmentes; les echangeurs d'EDF2 ont ete concus de facon a accroitre la puissance unitaire des elements qui atteindra 9 MWt contre 3 pour EDF1. Pour EDF3 un avant-projet permet d'envisager un schema thermodynamique a un seul etage de pression. La memoire se termine par une description des systemes de detection de ruptures de gaines et donne en annexe un tableau comparatif detaille des caracteristiques des tranches EDF1, EDF2 et EDF3. (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1960}
month = {Jul}
}