You need JavaScript to view this

Environmental impacts of polluted effluents on human health

Journal Article:

Abstract

One of the major environmental problems confronting Pakistan is water pollution. Human health is being affected by water pollution. The major sources of pollution for surface and groundwater resources are municipal sewage and industrial wastewater. The indiscriminate discharges of untreated sewage and industrial effluents into the water bodies have affected not only the water quality but also human health. Groundwater is also being contaminated by the discharge of untreated sewage into land. Water pollution is responsible for water borne diseases such as hepatitis, dysentery, typhoid, cholera, paratyphoid fever etc. This paper presents a general overview of the wastewater pollution in Pakistan, an evaluation and a specific reference to Lahore city and the effects on human health. Finally, sustainable treatment methods have been proposed to mitigate the water pollution problem. The analysis of water bodies at wastewater discharge points shows depletion of Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and high levels of E. Coli. There is an evidence of groundwater pollution in many areas due to the discharge of wastewater on open land. To protect the water sources from contamination, appropriate treatment methods/treatment technologies have also been discussed in this paper. In the end conclusion and recommendations are given. (author)
Authors:
Ahmad, M S [1] 
  1. NESPAK, Lahore (Pakistan). Geo-Environmental Engineering Div.
Publication Date:
Jul 15, 2005
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Engineering News (Lahore); Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 6-7
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CHEMICAL EFFLUENTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ESCHERICHIA COLI; GROUND WATER; INDUSTRIAL WASTES; PUBLIC HEALTH; WASTE WATER
OSTI ID:
20953173
Country of Origin:
Pakistan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-8061; TRN: PK0600272104451
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 50-56
Announcement Date:
Dec 27, 2007

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Ahmad, M S. Environmental impacts of polluted effluents on human health. Pakistan: N. p., 2005. Web.
Ahmad, M S. Environmental impacts of polluted effluents on human health. Pakistan.
Ahmad, M S. 2005. "Environmental impacts of polluted effluents on human health." Pakistan.
@misc{etde_20953173,
title = {Environmental impacts of polluted effluents on human health}
author = {Ahmad, M S}
abstractNote = {One of the major environmental problems confronting Pakistan is water pollution. Human health is being affected by water pollution. The major sources of pollution for surface and groundwater resources are municipal sewage and industrial wastewater. The indiscriminate discharges of untreated sewage and industrial effluents into the water bodies have affected not only the water quality but also human health. Groundwater is also being contaminated by the discharge of untreated sewage into land. Water pollution is responsible for water borne diseases such as hepatitis, dysentery, typhoid, cholera, paratyphoid fever etc. This paper presents a general overview of the wastewater pollution in Pakistan, an evaluation and a specific reference to Lahore city and the effects on human health. Finally, sustainable treatment methods have been proposed to mitigate the water pollution problem. The analysis of water bodies at wastewater discharge points shows depletion of Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and high levels of E. Coli. There is an evidence of groundwater pollution in many areas due to the discharge of wastewater on open land. To protect the water sources from contamination, appropriate treatment methods/treatment technologies have also been discussed in this paper. In the end conclusion and recommendations are given. (author)}
journal = {Engineering News (Lahore)}
issue = {6-7}
volume = {42}
place = {Pakistan}
year = {2005}
month = {Jul}
}