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Recipient Capacity of Tvaeren, a Baltic Bay

Abstract

The research station at Studsvik is situated on the Baltic coast and includes several reactors and laboratories, a waste disposal plant serving both the station and waste producers outside Studsvik. A storage plant for irradiated fuel from power reactors has also been built. A total of 850 people are employed. The waste disposal plant was designed for a personnel of 900 using foreign information to correlate waste amounts to personnel. After a delay production has increased at a rate very close to the one expected. The composition of the waste is varied and difficult to predict. Minor amounts of fission products, active corrosion products, and fissile materials have been detected. Most of the waste activity is released to a strait leading into the Bay. Large volumes of water with very low specific activity are released immediately off the coast. Hydrological and dispersion data for the bay are quoted from a paper presented at the symposium mentioned below. The Baltic has brackish water. Both the chemistry and the biology are quite different from those of marine or fresh water recipients. A short description is given of the fauna and flora and important food webs are discussed. The different ways in which  More>>
Publication Date:
Jul 15, 1966
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
AE-234
Resource Relation:
Conference: IAEA symposium on the Disposal of Radioactive Wastes into Seas, Oceans and Surface Waters, Vienna (Austria), 16-20 May 1996; Other Information: 20 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BALTIC SEA; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; FISSION PRODUCTS; CORROSION PRODUCTS; FISSILE MATERIALS; AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS; RADIATION PROTECTION; ENVIRONMENT
OSTI ID:
20949503
Research Organizations:
AB Atomenergi, Nykoeping (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: SE0708478
Availability:
Commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20949503
Submitting Site:
SWDN
Size:
26 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 15, 2007

Citation Formats

Agnedal, P O, and Bergstroem, S O.W. Recipient Capacity of Tvaeren, a Baltic Bay. Sweden: N. p., 1966. Web.
Agnedal, P O, & Bergstroem, S O.W. Recipient Capacity of Tvaeren, a Baltic Bay. Sweden.
Agnedal, P O, and Bergstroem, S O.W. 1966. "Recipient Capacity of Tvaeren, a Baltic Bay." Sweden.
@misc{etde_20949503,
title = {Recipient Capacity of Tvaeren, a Baltic Bay}
author = {Agnedal, P O, and Bergstroem, S O.W.}
abstractNote = {The research station at Studsvik is situated on the Baltic coast and includes several reactors and laboratories, a waste disposal plant serving both the station and waste producers outside Studsvik. A storage plant for irradiated fuel from power reactors has also been built. A total of 850 people are employed. The waste disposal plant was designed for a personnel of 900 using foreign information to correlate waste amounts to personnel. After a delay production has increased at a rate very close to the one expected. The composition of the waste is varied and difficult to predict. Minor amounts of fission products, active corrosion products, and fissile materials have been detected. Most of the waste activity is released to a strait leading into the Bay. Large volumes of water with very low specific activity are released immediately off the coast. Hydrological and dispersion data for the bay are quoted from a paper presented at the symposium mentioned below. The Baltic has brackish water. Both the chemistry and the biology are quite different from those of marine or fresh water recipients. A short description is given of the fauna and flora and important food webs are discussed. The different ways in which man is exposed to radioactivity in waste releases are dependent upon biological accumulation in living organisms and adsorption to dead materials. Fish consumption is the type of exposure which is likely to be the most critical, though it is possible that the exposure from sunbathing and fishing-gear handling could reach similar significance if conservative calculations are used. Accumulation factors from water to fish are given for iron, cobalt,and zinc . Permissible releases have been calculated using relevant accumulation factors. Fission products and corrosion products seem to be of similar significance with regard to possible human exposure. Permission to release liquid waste is granted by water courts in Sweden and operations inspected by special authorities. As the water court procedure takes a long time and is very expensive it is suggested that the verdict should only take hydrology and the formal assumptions as to diet and behaviour of the exposed categories into account. Biological accumulation factors for different radionuclides should then be fixed by the inspecting authority and revised when necessary and without a new verdict.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1966}
month = {Jul}
}