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Breakfast of champions or kiss of death? Survival and sexual performance of protein-fed, sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Abstract

The sterile insect technique (SIT) is increasingly being used around the world to control Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), the Mediterranean fruit fly as part of an area-wide integrated approach. One option that may improve the effectiveness of the SIT, by increasing the sexual competitiveness of released sterile males, consists of feeding males protein during the post-teneral stage, a diet that increases sexual performance of wild males. We examine the effects of diet on the successive hurdles males must overcome in order to inseminate females, i.e., joining leks, copulating females, having their sperm stored and inhibition of female remating. In addition, we address the effects of diet on post-release foraging success, longevity, and the ability to withstand starvation. While protein feeding universally increases the sexual success of wild males, its effect on sterile males varies with strain, experimental settings, and environmental conditions. In some cases, treatments that resulted in the best sexual performance were significantly associated with increased vulnerability to starvation. However, no particular diet affected the ability of sterile males to find nutrients in the field when these where available. We suggest it may be better to release relatively short-lived flies that are highly competitive, rather than long-lived, sexually  More>>
Authors:
Yuval, B; Maor, M; Levy, K; [1]  Kaspi, R; [2]  Taylor, P; [3]  Shelly, T [4] 
  1. Dept. of Entomology, Hebrew University, PO 12, Rehovot, 76100 (Israel)
  2. Dept. of Entomology, University of California, Davis CA 95616 (United States)
  3. Dept. of Psychology, Macquarie University, NSW 2109 (Australia)
  4. USDA-APHIS, 41-650 Ahiki Street, Waimanalo, HI 96795 (United States)
Publication Date:
Mar 15, 2007
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Florida Entomologist; Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); DOI: 10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; Proceedings of a 5-year FAO/IAEA Coordinated Research Project on Fruit Fly Quality, Control, and Behavior; 36 refs, 2 figs
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CERATITIS CAPITATA; DEATH; DIET; FASTING; FEEDING; MASS REARING; NUTRITION; PEST CONTROL; PROTEINS; SPERMATOZOA; STERILE MALE TECHNIQUE; VULNERABILITY
OSTI ID:
20942918
Country of Origin:
United States
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0015-4040; TRN: US07$0017096364
Availability:
Also available on-line: www.fcla.edu/FlaEnt/fe901.htm;INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 115-122
Announcement Date:
Dec 13, 2007

Citation Formats

Yuval, B, Maor, M, Levy, K, Kaspi, R, Taylor, P, and Shelly, T. Breakfast of champions or kiss of death? Survival and sexual performance of protein-fed, sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). United States: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; PROCEEDINGS OF A 5-YEAR FAO/IAEA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON FRUIT FLY QUALITY, CONTROL, AND BEHAVIOR; 36 REFS, 2 FIGS.
Yuval, B, Maor, M, Levy, K, Kaspi, R, Taylor, P, & Shelly, T. Breakfast of champions or kiss of death? Survival and sexual performance of protein-fed, sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). United States. doi:10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; PROCEEDINGS OF A 5-YEAR FAO/IAEA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON FRUIT FLY QUALITY, CONTROL, AND BEHAVIOR; 36 REFS, 2 FIGS.
Yuval, B, Maor, M, Levy, K, Kaspi, R, Taylor, P, and Shelly, T. 2007. "Breakfast of champions or kiss of death? Survival and sexual performance of protein-fed, sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)." United States. doi:10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; PROCEEDINGS OF A 5-YEAR FAO/IAEA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON FRUIT FLY QUALITY, CONTROL, AND BEHAVIOR; 36 REFS, 2 FIGS. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; PROCEEDINGS OF A 5-YEAR FAO/IAEA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON FRUIT FLY QUALITY, CONTROL, AND BEHAVIOR; 36 REFS, 2 FIGS.
@misc{etde_20942918,
title = {Breakfast of champions or kiss of death? Survival and sexual performance of protein-fed, sterile Mediterranean fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae)}
author = {Yuval, B, Maor, M, Levy, K, Kaspi, R, Taylor, P, and Shelly, T}
abstractNote = {The sterile insect technique (SIT) is increasingly being used around the world to control Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), the Mediterranean fruit fly as part of an area-wide integrated approach. One option that may improve the effectiveness of the SIT, by increasing the sexual competitiveness of released sterile males, consists of feeding males protein during the post-teneral stage, a diet that increases sexual performance of wild males. We examine the effects of diet on the successive hurdles males must overcome in order to inseminate females, i.e., joining leks, copulating females, having their sperm stored and inhibition of female remating. In addition, we address the effects of diet on post-release foraging success, longevity, and the ability to withstand starvation. While protein feeding universally increases the sexual success of wild males, its effect on sterile males varies with strain, experimental settings, and environmental conditions. In some cases, treatments that resulted in the best sexual performance were significantly associated with increased vulnerability to starvation. However, no particular diet affected the ability of sterile males to find nutrients in the field when these where available. We suggest it may be better to release relatively short-lived flies that are highly competitive, rather than long-lived, sexually ineffective ones. (author) [Spanish] El uso de la tecnica de insecto esteril (TIE) esta aumentando alrededor del mundo para el control de Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), la mosca mediterranea de la fruta como parte de un enfoque integrado por toda el area. Una opcion que puede mejorar la eficiencia de TIE, por medio del aumento de la capacidad de los machos esteriles liberados para competir, consiste en la alimentacion de los machos con proteina durante la etapa de pos-teneral, una dieta que aumenta el desempeno sexual de los machos naturales. Nosotros examinamos los efectos de la dieta sobre los obstaculos sucesivos que los machos tienen que superar para inseminar las hembras, i.e., unir con otros machos en areas para el apareamiento, copula de las hembras, almacenar esperma e inhibir el re-apareamiento de hembras. Ademas discutimos los efectos de la dieta sobre el exito de su actividad forrajera despues de ser liberados, la longevidad y la habilidad para aguantar la inanicion. Mientras que la alimentacion con proteina universalmente aumentan el exito sexual de los machos naturales, su efecto sobre los machos esteriles varia segun la raza, el lugar de los experimentos y las condiciones ambientales. En algunos casos, los tratamientos que resultaron con mejor desempeno sexual fueron asociados significativamente con el aumento de la vulnerabilidad a la inanicion. Sin embargo, ninguna dieta en particular afecto la habilidad de los machos esteriles para encontrar nutrientes en el campo cuando fueron disponibles. Nosotros sugerimos que puede ser mejor el liberar moscas que tienen una vida relativamente corta y que son mas competidoras, en vez de moscas que tienen una vida larga y sexualmente inefectiva. (author)}
doi = {10.1653/0015-4040(2007)90[115:BOCOKO]2.0.CO;2; PROCEEDINGS OF A 5-YEAR FAO/IAEA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON FRUIT FLY QUALITY, CONTROL, AND BEHAVIOR; 36 REFS, 2 FIGS}
journal = {Florida Entomologist}
issue = {1}
volume = {90}
place = {United States}
year = {2007}
month = {Mar}
}