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Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell

Abstract

In this study, pistachio shell is taken as the biomass sample to investigate the effects of pyrolysis temperature on the product yields and composition when slow pyrolysis is applied in a fixed-bed reactor at atmospheric pressure to the temperatures of 300, 400, 500, 550, 700{sup o}C. The maximum liquid yield was attained at about 500-550{sup o}C with a yield of 20.5%. The liquid product obtained under this optimum temperature and solid products obtained at all temperatures were characterized. As well as proximate and elemental analysis for the products were the basic steps for characterization, column chromatography, FT-IR, GC/MS and SEM were used for further characterization. The results showed that liquid and solid products from pistachio shells show similarities with high value conventional fuels. 31 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.
Authors:
Apaydin-Varol, Esin; Putun, Ersan; Putun, Ayse E [1] 
  1. Anadolu University, Eskisehir (Turkey). Department of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
Aug 15, 2007
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
CLA-07:100384
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Fuel; Journal Volume: 86; Journal Issue: 12/13; Other Information: eputun@anadolu.edu.tr
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; NUTS; BIOMASS; PYROLYSIS; OIL YIELDS; BIOFUELS; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
OSTI ID:
20939710
Country of Origin:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0016-2361; FUELAC; TRN: 071000384
Submitting Site:
CLA
Size:
page(s) 1892-1899
Announcement Date:
Oct 23, 2007

Citation Formats

Apaydin-Varol, Esin, Putun, Ersan, and Putun, Ayse E. Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell. United Kingdom: N. p., 2007. Web. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.041.
Apaydin-Varol, Esin, Putun, Ersan, & Putun, Ayse E. Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell. United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.041.
Apaydin-Varol, Esin, Putun, Ersan, and Putun, Ayse E. 2007. "Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell." United Kingdom. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.041.
@misc{etde_20939710,
title = {Slow pyrolysis of pistachio shell}
author = {Apaydin-Varol, Esin, Putun, Ersan, and Putun, Ayse E}
abstractNote = {In this study, pistachio shell is taken as the biomass sample to investigate the effects of pyrolysis temperature on the product yields and composition when slow pyrolysis is applied in a fixed-bed reactor at atmospheric pressure to the temperatures of 300, 400, 500, 550, 700{sup o}C. The maximum liquid yield was attained at about 500-550{sup o}C with a yield of 20.5%. The liquid product obtained under this optimum temperature and solid products obtained at all temperatures were characterized. As well as proximate and elemental analysis for the products were the basic steps for characterization, column chromatography, FT-IR, GC/MS and SEM were used for further characterization. The results showed that liquid and solid products from pistachio shells show similarities with high value conventional fuels. 31 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.}
doi = {10.1016/j.fuel.2006.11.041}
journal = {Fuel}
issue = {12/13}
volume = {86}
place = {United Kingdom}
year = {2007}
month = {Aug}
}