You need JavaScript to view this

Some of the properties of plutonium and the aluminium-plutonium alloy; Quelques proprietes du plutonium et de l'alliage aluminium-plutonium

Abstract

1- Study of the physical properties of plutonium. 1) Study of the allotropy of plutonium. a) Thermal analysis: the apparatus used and the measurement technique are briefly described. The transition point temperatures and the corresponding heats of transformation have been determined. Finally, the results of the particular study of certain transition points are given. b) Dilatometry. The dilatometric analysis of the phase changes of plutonium has been carried out by means of the Chevenard dilatometer with photographic recording. The testing conditions (heating and cooling speeds, isotherm plateaux) have been varied in order to determine accurately the characteristics of each transition, particularly the {delta} {yields} {gamma} transition on cooling. 2) Micrography of plutonium. For the accurate preparation of metallographic samples the electrolytic polishing must be rapid, which implies a mechanical polishing of excellent quality. Information is given on new attacking reagents which show the structure of the metal very clearly. 2- Study of aluminium-plutonium alloys. Comparative study of Al-Pu and Al-U alloys rich in aluminium. a) Thermal analysis. The liquids and fusion temperatures of the eutectic Al-XAl{sub 4}, have been accurately determined. From the measurement of the heats of fusion the exact composition of the eutectic alloy has been determined. b)  More>>
Authors:
Abramson, R; Boucher, R; Fabre, R; Monti, H [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1959
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-1155
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 9 refs
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOTROPY; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; ANNEALING; BULK DENSITY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERES; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; DILATOMETRY; ELECTROPOLISHING; EUTECTICS; IMPURITIES; MICROHARDNESS; PHASE DIAGRAMS; PHASE STUDIES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PLASTICITY; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM ALLOYS; QUENCHING; SURFACE CLEANING; THERMAL EXPANSION; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; URANIUM ALLOYS
OSTI ID:
20912787
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR07R1155073963
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
28 pages
Announcement Date:
Sep 22, 2007

Citation Formats

Abramson, R, Boucher, R, Fabre, R, and Monti, H. Some of the properties of plutonium and the aluminium-plutonium alloy; Quelques proprietes du plutonium et de l'alliage aluminium-plutonium. France: N. p., 1959. Web.
Abramson, R, Boucher, R, Fabre, R, & Monti, H. Some of the properties of plutonium and the aluminium-plutonium alloy; Quelques proprietes du plutonium et de l'alliage aluminium-plutonium. France.
Abramson, R, Boucher, R, Fabre, R, and Monti, H. 1959. "Some of the properties of plutonium and the aluminium-plutonium alloy; Quelques proprietes du plutonium et de l'alliage aluminium-plutonium." France.
@misc{etde_20912787,
title = {Some of the properties of plutonium and the aluminium-plutonium alloy; Quelques proprietes du plutonium et de l'alliage aluminium-plutonium}
author = {Abramson, R, Boucher, R, Fabre, R, and Monti, H}
abstractNote = {1- Study of the physical properties of plutonium. 1) Study of the allotropy of plutonium. a) Thermal analysis: the apparatus used and the measurement technique are briefly described. The transition point temperatures and the corresponding heats of transformation have been determined. Finally, the results of the particular study of certain transition points are given. b) Dilatometry. The dilatometric analysis of the phase changes of plutonium has been carried out by means of the Chevenard dilatometer with photographic recording. The testing conditions (heating and cooling speeds, isotherm plateaux) have been varied in order to determine accurately the characteristics of each transition, particularly the {delta} {yields} {gamma} transition on cooling. 2) Micrography of plutonium. For the accurate preparation of metallographic samples the electrolytic polishing must be rapid, which implies a mechanical polishing of excellent quality. Information is given on new attacking reagents which show the structure of the metal very clearly. 2- Study of aluminium-plutonium alloys. Comparative study of Al-Pu and Al-U alloys rich in aluminium. a) Thermal analysis. The liquids and fusion temperatures of the eutectic Al-XAl{sub 4}, have been accurately determined. From the measurement of the heats of fusion the exact composition of the eutectic alloy has been determined. b) Thermal treatments. The eutectic coalescence kinetics have been studied by a micrographic method and by following the evolution of hardness. The results obtained show that the phenomenon is more rapid in Al-Pu alloys than in Al-U alloys. c) Micrographic study of the transition XAl{sub 3} {yields} XAl{sub 4}. The peritectic reaction XAl{sub 3} + liq. {yields} XAl{sub 4} has been suppressed by quenching. The transformation of the XAl{sub 3} phase to the solid phase has been studied as well as the effect of small additions of silicon on the kinetics of this reaction. (author) [French] 1- Etude des proprietes physiques du plutonium. 1) Etude de l'allotropie du plutonium. a) Analyse thermique. On decrit brievement l'appareillage utilise et la technique de mesure. Les temperatures des points de transition et les chaleurs de transformation correspondantes ont ete determinees. Enfin, les resultats de l'etude particuliere de quelques points de transition sont exposes. b) Dilatometrie. L'analyse dilatometrique des changements de phase du plutonium a ete poursuivie a l'aide du dilatometre Chevenard a enregistrement photographique. On a fait varier les conditions de l'essai (vitesse de chauffe et de refroidissement, paliers isothermes, etc...) de maniere a preciser les caracteristiques de chaque transition notamment de la transition {delta} {yields} {gamma} au refroidissement. 2) Micrographie du plutonium. La preparation correcte des echantillons metallographiques exige une duree de polissage electrolytique tres courte, ce qui implique un polissage mecanique d'excellente qualite. On indique de nouveaux reactifs d'attaque qui revelent la structure du metal avec une grande nettete. 2- Etude des alliages aluminium-plutonium. Etude comparee des alliages Al-Pu et AI-U riches en aluminium. a) Analyse thermique. Les temperatures du liquidus et de fusion de l'eutectique Al-XAl{sub 4} ont ete precisees. La mesure des chaleurs de fusion a permis de determiner la composition exacte de l'alliage eutectique. b) Traitement thermique. La cinetique de coalescence de l'eutectique a ete etudiee par voie micrographique et en suivant l'evolution de la durete. Les resultats obtenus indiquent que le phenomene est plus rapide dans les alliages Al-Pu que dans les alliages AI-U. c) Etude micrographique de la transition XAI{sub 3} {yields} XAl{sub 4}. La reaction peritectique XAI{sub 3} + Iiq. {yields} XAI{sub 4} a ete supprimee par trempe. La transformation de la phase XAI{sub 3} a l'etat solide a ete etudiee ainsi que l'effet de faibles additions de silicium sur la cinetique de cette reaction. (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1959}
month = {Jul}
}