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Experience in utilizing research reactors in Yugoslavia

Abstract

The nuclear institutes in Yugoslavia possess three research reactors. Since 1958, two heavy-water reactors have been in operation at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute, a zero-power reactor RB and a 6. 5-MW reactor RA. At the Jozef Stefan Institute, a 250-kW TRIGA Mark II reactor has been operating since 1966. All reactors are equipped with the necessary experimental facilities. The main activities based on these reactors are: (1) fundamental research in solid-state and nuclear physics; (2) R and D activities related to nuclear power program; and (3) radioisotope production. In fundamental physics, inelastic neutron scattering and diffraction phenomena are studied by means of the neutron beam tubes and applied to investigations of the structures of solids and liquids. Valuable results are also obtained in n - γ reaction studies. Experiments connected with the fuel -element development program, owing to the characteristics of the existing reactors, are limited to determination of the fuel element parameters, to studies on the purity of uranium, and to a small number of capsule irradiations. All three reactors are also used for the verification of different methods applied in the analysis of power reactors, particularly concerning neutron flux distributions, the optimization of reactor core configurations and the  More>>
Authors:
Pop-Jordanov, J.; Raisic, N.; [1]  Copic, M.; Gabrovsek, Z. [2] 
  1. Boris Kidric Institute of Nuclear Sciences VINCA, Belgrade (Yugoslavia)
  2. Jozef Stefan Institute Ljubljana (Yugoslavia)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1972
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-RS-1004; A/CONF.49/P-348
Resource Relation:
Conference: 4. United Nations international conference on the peaceful uses of atomic energy, Peaceful uses of atomic energy. Proceedings of the fourth international conference, jointly sponsored by the UN and the IAEA and held in Geneva, 6-16 September 1971. Vol. 6. Small and medium power reactors. Desalination and agro-industrial complexes. Role of research reactors. Impact of nuclear energy in developing countries. Vienna. IAEA/UN. 1972. 15 v., Geneva (Switzerland), 6 Sep 1971; Other Information: 17 refs.; This record replaces
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; FUEL ELEMENTS; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; ISOTOPE PRODUCTION; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NEUTRON FLUX; NEUTRON REACTIONS; R-A REACTOR; R-B REACTOR; REACTOR CORES; REACTOR EXPERIMENTAL FACILITIES; REACTOR PHYSICS; SCATTERING; TRIGA-2-LJUBLJANA REACTOR
OSTI ID:
20905718
Country of Origin:
Serbia
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: RS07RB048068192
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form. Also available from the Institute of Nuclear Sciences VINCA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
9 page(s)
Announcement Date:
Sep 19, 2007

Citation Formats

Pop-Jordanov, J., Raisic, N., Copic, M., and Gabrovsek, Z. Experience in utilizing research reactors in Yugoslavia. Serbia: N. p., 1972. Web.
Pop-Jordanov, J., Raisic, N., Copic, M., & Gabrovsek, Z. Experience in utilizing research reactors in Yugoslavia. Serbia.
Pop-Jordanov, J., Raisic, N., Copic, M., and Gabrovsek, Z. 1972. "Experience in utilizing research reactors in Yugoslavia." Serbia.
@misc{etde_20905718,
title = {Experience in utilizing research reactors in Yugoslavia}
author = {Pop-Jordanov, J., Raisic, N., Copic, M., and Gabrovsek, Z.}
abstractNote = {The nuclear institutes in Yugoslavia possess three research reactors. Since 1958, two heavy-water reactors have been in operation at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute, a zero-power reactor RB and a 6. 5-MW reactor RA. At the Jozef Stefan Institute, a 250-kW TRIGA Mark II reactor has been operating since 1966. All reactors are equipped with the necessary experimental facilities. The main activities based on these reactors are: (1) fundamental research in solid-state and nuclear physics; (2) R and D activities related to nuclear power program; and (3) radioisotope production. In fundamental physics, inelastic neutron scattering and diffraction phenomena are studied by means of the neutron beam tubes and applied to investigations of the structures of solids and liquids. Valuable results are also obtained in n - γ reaction studies. Experiments connected with the fuel -element development program, owing to the characteristics of the existing reactors, are limited to determination of the fuel element parameters, to studies on the purity of uranium, and to a small number of capsule irradiations. All three reactors are also used for the verification of different methods applied in the analysis of power reactors, particularly concerning neutron flux distributions, the optimization of reactor core configurations and the shielding effects. An appreciable irradiation space in the reactors is reserved for isotope production. Fruitful international co-operation has been established in all these activities, on the basis of either bilateral or multilateral arrangements. The paper gives a critical analysis of the utilization of research reactors in a developing country such as Yugoslavia. The investments in and the operational costs of research reactors are compared with the benefits obtained in different areas of reactor application. The impact on the general scientific, technological and educational level in the country is also considered. In particular, an attempt is made ro envisage the role of research reactors in the promotion of nuclear power programs in relation to the size of the program, the competence of domestic industries and the degree of independence where fuel supply is concerned. (author)}
place = {Serbia}
year = {1972}
month = {Jul}
}