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Hypertension Control and co-morbidities in primary health care centers in Riyadh

Journal Article:

Abstract

The prevalence of hypertension in Saudi Arabia has been assessed only in preliminary reports. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of control of blood pressure and the prevalence of common hypertension co-morbidities among hypertensive patients attending primary health care (PHC) centers in Riyadh. A cross sectional study was conducted by reviewing medical records of hypertensive patients during May and June 2001. Two hundred fifty-five medical records selected by a stratified randomization process according to the distribution of the 73 PHC centers in the city and the total number of hypertensive patients registered in the mini-clinic of each PHC-center. Trained mini-clinic nurses collected data using a data collection form developed for this purpose. Of 255 patients, 121 (47.5%) were males and 134 (52.5%) were females, the mean age was 57.2+-11.1 years and 8.3% were smokers. The majority 204 (85.7%) had greater than normal body weight. Only 101 (40.4%) had controlled systolic BP. The most common co-morbidity was diabetes mellitus found in 98 (38.4%), followed by dislipidemia in 50 (19.6%), bronchial asthma in 28 (11.0%) and renal diseases in 12 (4.7%). Except for osteoporosis, which was reported by females only (P=0.003), the occurrences of hypertensive co-morbidities did not  More>>
Authors:
Al-Tuwijri, Abdulmohsin A; [1]  Al-Rukban, Mohammed Othman [2] 
  1. Dept. of Family Medicine, Ministry of Health, Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
  2. Dept. of Family and Community Medicine, Coll. of Medicine, King Saud Univ., Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2006
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Annals of Saudi Medicine; Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 4
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BLOOD PRESSURE; DISEASE INCIDENCE; DISEASES; HYPERTENSION; PATIENTS; PUBLIC HEALTH; SAUDI ARABIA
OSTI ID:
20894858
Country of Origin:
Saudi Arabia
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0256-4947; ANSMEJ; TRN: SA0700139058370
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 266-271
Announcement Date:
Aug 11, 2007

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Al-Tuwijri, Abdulmohsin A, and Al-Rukban, Mohammed Othman. Hypertension Control and co-morbidities in primary health care centers in Riyadh. Saudi Arabia: N. p., 2006. Web.
Al-Tuwijri, Abdulmohsin A, & Al-Rukban, Mohammed Othman. Hypertension Control and co-morbidities in primary health care centers in Riyadh. Saudi Arabia.
Al-Tuwijri, Abdulmohsin A, and Al-Rukban, Mohammed Othman. 2006. "Hypertension Control and co-morbidities in primary health care centers in Riyadh." Saudi Arabia.
@misc{etde_20894858,
title = {Hypertension Control and co-morbidities in primary health care centers in Riyadh}
author = {Al-Tuwijri, Abdulmohsin A, and Al-Rukban, Mohammed Othman}
abstractNote = {The prevalence of hypertension in Saudi Arabia has been assessed only in preliminary reports. The aim of this study was to determine the degree of control of blood pressure and the prevalence of common hypertension co-morbidities among hypertensive patients attending primary health care (PHC) centers in Riyadh. A cross sectional study was conducted by reviewing medical records of hypertensive patients during May and June 2001. Two hundred fifty-five medical records selected by a stratified randomization process according to the distribution of the 73 PHC centers in the city and the total number of hypertensive patients registered in the mini-clinic of each PHC-center. Trained mini-clinic nurses collected data using a data collection form developed for this purpose. Of 255 patients, 121 (47.5%) were males and 134 (52.5%) were females, the mean age was 57.2+-11.1 years and 8.3% were smokers. The majority 204 (85.7%) had greater than normal body weight. Only 101 (40.4%) had controlled systolic BP. The most common co-morbidity was diabetes mellitus found in 98 (38.4%), followed by dislipidemia in 50 (19.6%), bronchial asthma in 28 (11.0%) and renal diseases in 12 (4.7%). Except for osteoporosis, which was reported by females only (P=0.003), the occurrences of hypertensive co-morbidities did not vary from other demographic characteristics. This study demonstrated poor blood pressure control in the mini-clinics in the PHC-centers. To improve the quality of care for hypertensive patients, we recommend an improvement in PHC physician knowledge of and attitudes toward the importance of achieving targeted blood pressure levels. (author)}
journal = {Annals of Saudi Medicine}
issue = {4}
volume = {26}
place = {Saudi Arabia}
year = {2006}
month = {Jul}
}