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Saturne II: A 3 GeV proton synchrotron for nuclear physics

Abstract

A 3 GeV proton Synchrotron is now under completion at the Saclay Nuclear Research Center in France. This machine replaces the former Saturne Synchrotron built in 1958. The lattice type of the new machine is a strong focusing one, and the structure of the magnetic ring is made up to 16 bending magnets and 24 quadrupolar lenses. Due to the small injection energy (20 MeV), it has been necessary to design large aperture magnets. The two accelerating R.F. cavities need a wide range of tuning by ferrites from 0.86 to 8.3 MHz with a peak voltage 18 kV. The performances of the new machine are better adapted to the needs of Nuclear Physics. The main features of the extracted protons beam are an intensity of 2.10{sup 12} protons per second at a variable energy from 0.5 to 3 GeV, an energy spread of a few 10{sup -4} and a small emittance (horizontal {approx_equal} 6 {pi} mm.mrd, vertical 25 {pi} mm.mrad). Heavy ions up to N{sup 7+} and polarized particles (H{sup +} and D{sup +}) will be accelerated too, around 10{sup 9} per pulse on the target. On the experimental areas nine lines are fully equipped and four spectrometers will be  More>>
Authors:
Faure, J; Penicaud, J P [1] 
  1. Centre detude nucleaire de Saclay, Gif sur Yvette (France)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1978
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-RS-0937
Resource Relation:
Conference: 22. Conference - ETAN Society for Electronics, Telecommunications, Computers, Automation, and Nuclear Engineering, 22. Konferencija za ETAN, Zadar (Yugoslavia), 12-16 Jun 1978; Other Information: 6 refs., 5 figs
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM EMITTANCE; BEAM FOCUSING MAGNETS; GEV RANGE 01-10; HEAVY IONS; PROTON BEAMS; RF SYSTEMS; SYNCHROTRONS
OSTI ID:
20888725
Country of Origin:
Serbia
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: RS07RA544053260
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form; Also available from the Institute of Nuclear Sciences VINCA
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
7 pages
Announcement Date:
Aug 10, 2007

Citation Formats

Faure, J, and Penicaud, J P. Saturne II: A 3 GeV proton synchrotron for nuclear physics. Serbia: N. p., 1978. Web.
Faure, J, & Penicaud, J P. Saturne II: A 3 GeV proton synchrotron for nuclear physics. Serbia.
Faure, J, and Penicaud, J P. 1978. "Saturne II: A 3 GeV proton synchrotron for nuclear physics." Serbia.
@misc{etde_20888725,
title = {Saturne II: A 3 GeV proton synchrotron for nuclear physics}
author = {Faure, J, and Penicaud, J P}
abstractNote = {A 3 GeV proton Synchrotron is now under completion at the Saclay Nuclear Research Center in France. This machine replaces the former Saturne Synchrotron built in 1958. The lattice type of the new machine is a strong focusing one, and the structure of the magnetic ring is made up to 16 bending magnets and 24 quadrupolar lenses. Due to the small injection energy (20 MeV), it has been necessary to design large aperture magnets. The two accelerating R.F. cavities need a wide range of tuning by ferrites from 0.86 to 8.3 MHz with a peak voltage 18 kV. The performances of the new machine are better adapted to the needs of Nuclear Physics. The main features of the extracted protons beam are an intensity of 2.10{sup 12} protons per second at a variable energy from 0.5 to 3 GeV, an energy spread of a few 10{sup -4} and a small emittance (horizontal {approx_equal} 6 {pi} mm.mrd, vertical 25 {pi} mm.mrad). Heavy ions up to N{sup 7+} and polarized particles (H{sup +} and D{sup +}) will be accelerated too, around 10{sup 9} per pulse on the target. On the experimental areas nine lines are fully equipped and four spectrometers will be set up. The first accelerated beam is expected in October 1978, and the physics experiments should start at the end of this year. (author)}
place = {Serbia}
year = {1978}
month = {Jul}
}