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The first metallurgical tests on plutonium; Premiers essais metallurgiques sur le plutonium

Abstract

Metallic plutonium was first prepared in France in January 1956, as soon as we had access to quantities of the order of several grams of plutonium, which had been extracted from the rods of the pile EL2 at Saclay. Since up to the present this reactor, of thermal power 2 000 kW, has been our only source of plutonium, we have so far only worked on experimental quantities sufficient for the basic tests but not for tests on a scale of possible applications. It is this work, carried out during this phase of preliminary research, which is described below. With the starting up of the plutonium extraction plant at Marcoule, where the reactor G1 has been operating at power for more than a year, we shall go on next to a another order of magnitude which will allow the manufacture and experimentation of prototype fuel elements. (author) [French] La premiere elaboration de plutonium metallique en France fut faite en janvier 1956, des que nous pumes disposer de quantites de plutonium de l'ordre de quelques grammes, qui avaient ete retires des barreaux de la pile EL2 de Saclay. Ce reacteur, d'une puissance thermique de 2 000 kW, ayant ete jusqu'a present  More>>
Authors:
Grison, E; Abramson, R; Anselin, F; Monti, H [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1958
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-786
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 11 refs
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACCURACY; ALLOTROPY; ALUMINIUM ALLOYS; ANNEALING; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; DILATANCY; DILATOMETRY; ELECTROPOLISHING; FUEL ELEMENTS; GLOVEBOXES; GLYCOLS; IMPURITIES; MECHANICAL POLISHING; METALLOGRAPHY; OXIDATION; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOSPHORIC ACID; PLUTONIUM; PLUTONIUM BASE ALLOYS; PLUTONIUM FLUORIDES; REDUCTION; REMOTE HANDLING; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; VICKERS HARDNESS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION
OSTI ID:
20877843
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR07R0786045556
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
48 pages
Announcement Date:
Jun 15, 2007

Citation Formats

Grison, E, Abramson, R, Anselin, F, and Monti, H. The first metallurgical tests on plutonium; Premiers essais metallurgiques sur le plutonium. France: N. p., 1958. Web.
Grison, E, Abramson, R, Anselin, F, & Monti, H. The first metallurgical tests on plutonium; Premiers essais metallurgiques sur le plutonium. France.
Grison, E, Abramson, R, Anselin, F, and Monti, H. 1958. "The first metallurgical tests on plutonium; Premiers essais metallurgiques sur le plutonium." France.
@misc{etde_20877843,
title = {The first metallurgical tests on plutonium; Premiers essais metallurgiques sur le plutonium}
author = {Grison, E, Abramson, R, Anselin, F, and Monti, H}
abstractNote = {Metallic plutonium was first prepared in France in January 1956, as soon as we had access to quantities of the order of several grams of plutonium, which had been extracted from the rods of the pile EL2 at Saclay. Since up to the present this reactor, of thermal power 2 000 kW, has been our only source of plutonium, we have so far only worked on experimental quantities sufficient for the basic tests but not for tests on a scale of possible applications. It is this work, carried out during this phase of preliminary research, which is described below. With the starting up of the plutonium extraction plant at Marcoule, where the reactor G1 has been operating at power for more than a year, we shall go on next to a another order of magnitude which will allow the manufacture and experimentation of prototype fuel elements. (author) [French] La premiere elaboration de plutonium metallique en France fut faite en janvier 1956, des que nous pumes disposer de quantites de plutonium de l'ordre de quelques grammes, qui avaient ete retires des barreaux de la pile EL2 de Saclay. Ce reacteur, d'une puissance thermique de 2 000 kW, ayant ete jusqu'a present notre seule source de plutonium, nous n'avons encore travaille que sur des quantites experimentales suffisantes pour les essais de base, mais non pour des essais a l'echelle d'applications possibles. Ce sont les travaux effectues pendant cette phase de recherches preliminaires qui seront evoques ci-dessous. Avec la mise eu route de l'usine d'extraction de plutonium de Marcoule, ou le reacteur G1 fonctionne en puissance depuis plus d'un an, nous allons passer prochainement a un autre ordre de grandeur, qui nous permettra la fabrication et l'experimentation d'elements combustibles prototypes. (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1958}
month = {Jul}
}