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Environmental lichenology: Biomonitoring trace-element air pollution

Abstract

Chapter 1 describes the possibilities to study trace-element air pollution in order to get insight in the character and element levels of such pollution. Chapter 2 describes two monitoring surveys using Parmelia sulcata Taylor on a national scale, in which spatial and temporal patterns of heavy metals were investigated. The surveys were carried out in 1982-1983 at 110 sampling sites and in 1986-1987 at 210 sampling sites. From these studies it was concluded that lichens are at least good qualitative biomonitors for atmospheric trace-element levels. Chapter 3 describes the response of lichens to the cesium-137 activity as a result of the Chernobyl accident, deposited by rainfall in the Netherlands. From this study it was concluded that lichens are good biomonitors for atmospheric cesium-137 activity too. Chapter 4 describes the application of factor analysis to a lichen data set from a monitoring survey on a national scale (1986-1987), for source apportionment. In Chapter 5 a field study is described on the contribution of a possible influence from the soil to element concentrations in Parmelia sulcata Taylor growing on trees in a an area with polluted soil. Chapter 6 describes a field study on the interchangeability of two tolerant lichen species (Parmelia  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Sep 27, 1993
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
INIS-mf-15147
Reference Number:
SCA: 560162; 540130; PA: AIX-27:028519; EDB-96:068567; NTS-96:017743; SN: 96001570257
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Proefschrift.; PBD: 27 Sep 1993
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CESIUM 137; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; FALLOUT; LICHENS; AIR POLLUTION; ALGAE; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; DEPOSITION; FISSION PRODUCTS; KINETICS; METALS; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; TRACE AMOUNTS; UPTAKE
OSTI ID:
208759
Research Organizations:
Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands). Interfacultair Reactor Inst.
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96619146; ISBN 90-73861-12-8; TRN: NL96F3859028519
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE96619146
Submitting Site:
NLN
Size:
202 p.
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Sloof, J E. Environmental lichenology: Biomonitoring trace-element air pollution. Netherlands: N. p., 1993. Web.
Sloof, J E. Environmental lichenology: Biomonitoring trace-element air pollution. Netherlands.
Sloof, J E. 1993. "Environmental lichenology: Biomonitoring trace-element air pollution." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_208759,
title = {Environmental lichenology: Biomonitoring trace-element air pollution}
author = {Sloof, J E}
abstractNote = {Chapter 1 describes the possibilities to study trace-element air pollution in order to get insight in the character and element levels of such pollution. Chapter 2 describes two monitoring surveys using Parmelia sulcata Taylor on a national scale, in which spatial and temporal patterns of heavy metals were investigated. The surveys were carried out in 1982-1983 at 110 sampling sites and in 1986-1987 at 210 sampling sites. From these studies it was concluded that lichens are at least good qualitative biomonitors for atmospheric trace-element levels. Chapter 3 describes the response of lichens to the cesium-137 activity as a result of the Chernobyl accident, deposited by rainfall in the Netherlands. From this study it was concluded that lichens are good biomonitors for atmospheric cesium-137 activity too. Chapter 4 describes the application of factor analysis to a lichen data set from a monitoring survey on a national scale (1986-1987), for source apportionment. In Chapter 5 a field study is described on the contribution of a possible influence from the soil to element concentrations in Parmelia sulcata Taylor growing on trees in a an area with polluted soil. Chapter 6 describes a field study on the interchangeability of two tolerant lichen species (Parmelia sulcata Taylor and Lecanora conizaeoides Nyl.) in a polluted area. In Chapter 7 a field study is described in which the quantitative relationships between concentrations of cobalt, scandium and zinc in lichens and concentrations in air particulate matter and total deposition (wet and dry) were investigated. Chapter 8 describes a laboratory study on the kinetics of the uptake-and release of cadmium in a green algae species (Selenastrum capricornutum Printz), which is regarded to be representative for the algal symboint in the lichens used in this thesis. Chapter 9 presents the central conclusions of this thesis for the lichen species, elements and conditions under study. (orig./MG).}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1993}
month = {Sep}
}