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Highlights 2005

Abstract

This document summarizes a year of activities for the ESRF (European synchrotron radiation facilities), this facility serves 31 beamlines that represent 34 end stations that can be run independently. This document is organized into 9 parts. Part 1: 'high resolution and resonance scattering' deals with surface science and magnetism at high pressure, in particular results are presented for samarium and europium chalcogenides. A cross-section of a variety of applications are presented, they range from glass physics to the understanding of thermoelectric materials. Part 2: 'materials sciences' deals with material behaviour under extreme conditions (metallic sulfur above 100 GPa,...) general applications of X-ray diffraction : stress and strain studies, assessment of excess free volume in metallic glasses, or grain nucleation and growth kinetics during solidification. Part 3: 'soft condensed matter'. Part 4: 'structural biology'. Part 5: 'surface and interface science' (at ESRF surfaces and interfaces are studied at about 50% of all beamlines). A study shows the existence of ordered SiGe domains in the interior of the small Ge islands in Si, whereas bulk SiGe alloy is disordered. Other studies shed light on the surprisingly different magnetic behaviour of ultra-thin cobalt and nickel films on a platinum surface. Part 6 :  More>>
Publication Date:
Feb 15, 2006
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
INIS-FR-4639
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 175 refs
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; PROGRESS REPORT; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; X RADIATION
OSTI ID:
20754929
Research Organizations:
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, ESRF, 38 - Grenoble (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR0601277062729
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
136 pages
Announcement Date:
Aug 14, 2006

Citation Formats

None. Highlights 2005. France: N. p., 2006. Web.
None. Highlights 2005. France.
None. 2006. "Highlights 2005." France.
@misc{etde_20754929,
title = {Highlights 2005}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {This document summarizes a year of activities for the ESRF (European synchrotron radiation facilities), this facility serves 31 beamlines that represent 34 end stations that can be run independently. This document is organized into 9 parts. Part 1: 'high resolution and resonance scattering' deals with surface science and magnetism at high pressure, in particular results are presented for samarium and europium chalcogenides. A cross-section of a variety of applications are presented, they range from glass physics to the understanding of thermoelectric materials. Part 2: 'materials sciences' deals with material behaviour under extreme conditions (metallic sulfur above 100 GPa,...) general applications of X-ray diffraction : stress and strain studies, assessment of excess free volume in metallic glasses, or grain nucleation and growth kinetics during solidification. Part 3: 'soft condensed matter'. Part 4: 'structural biology'. Part 5: 'surface and interface science' (at ESRF surfaces and interfaces are studied at about 50% of all beamlines). A study shows the existence of ordered SiGe domains in the interior of the small Ge islands in Si, whereas bulk SiGe alloy is disordered. Other studies shed light on the surprisingly different magnetic behaviour of ultra-thin cobalt and nickel films on a platinum surface. Part 6 : 'X-ray absorption and magnetic scattering'. Many of the studies push the limits of methods using high pressure, high magnetic fields, high and low temperature with absorption and scattering techniques. There are also examples of measurements on the femtosecond time scale using the core-hole clock method and on femto-meter length scale in magnetostriction measurements. Part 7: 'X-ray imaging and optics'. Part 8: 'the X-ray source'. Part 9: 'facts and figures'. (A.C.)}
place = {France}
year = {2006}
month = {Feb}
}