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The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes in the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps

Abstract

The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes is presented from the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps. The array was exposed to high-energy electrons and tested in magnetic fields of up to 3 T, in the CERN North area, in July and August 1999. The mean VPT electron yield, normalised to a naked crystal light yield of 8 photoelectrons/MeV into an HPMT, was found to be 25 electrons/MeV at 3 T for devices from Research Institute Electron, 35 electrons/MeV for devices from Hamamatsu and 18/23 electrons/MeV from Electron Tubes.
Authors:
Apollonio, M; Barber, G; Britton, D; Davies, G; Mcleod, E; Seez, C; [1]  Bell, K W; Brown, R M; Imrie, D C; Lintern, A; Lodge, A; Smith, B; Sproston, M; [2]  Brooke, J; [3]  Bourotte, J; [4]  Camanzi, B; [5]  Cockerill, D J.A. .; [2]  Devitsin, E; [6]  Ergun, G; [5]  Gninenko, S; [7]  Golubev, N; [7]  Goussev, Y; [8]  Haguenauer, M; [4]  Head, R; [3]  Heath, H; [3]  Hobson, P R; [5]  Inyakin, A; [7]  Katchanov, V; [7]  Kirsanov, M; [7]  Nash, S; [3]  Newbold, D; [3]  Ukhanov, M; [9]  Postoev, V; [9]  Patalakha, D; [9]  Presland, A; [3]  Probert, M; [3]  Semeniouk, I; [7]  Seliverstov, D; [8]  Tapper, R; [3]  Tchuiko, B [9] 
  1. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  2. Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)
  3. University of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom)
  4. LLR, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
  5. Brunel University, Uxbridge (United Kingdom)
  6. P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  7. INR, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  8. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation)
  9. Protvino, Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Oct 21, 2004
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment; Journal Volume: 532; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248; PII: S0168-9002(04)01321-X; Copyright (c) 2004 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; CALORIMETRY; CERN; CRYSTALS; ELECTRON TUBES; ELECTRONS; EQUIPMENT; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PERFORMANCE; YIELDS
OSTI ID:
20712645
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; NIMAER; TRN: NL05R7899026695
Submitting Site:
NLN
Size:
page(s) 566-574
Announcement Date:
May 04, 2006

Citation Formats

Apollonio, M, Barber, G, Britton, D, Davies, G, Mcleod, E, Seez, C, Bell, K W, Brown, R M, Imrie, D C, Lintern, A, Lodge, A, Smith, B, Sproston, M, Brooke, J, Bourotte, J, Camanzi, B, Cockerill, D J.A. ., Devitsin, E, Ergun, G, Gninenko, S, Golubev, N, Goussev, Y, Haguenauer, M, Head, R, Heath, H, Hobson, P R, Inyakin, A, Katchanov, V, Kirsanov, M, Nash, S, Newbold, D, Ukhanov, M, Postoev, V, Patalakha, D, Presland, A, Probert, M, Semeniouk, I, Seliverstov, D, Tapper, R, and Tchuiko, B. The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes in the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps. Netherlands: N. p., 2004. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248.
Apollonio, M, Barber, G, Britton, D, Davies, G, Mcleod, E, Seez, C, Bell, K W, Brown, R M, Imrie, D C, Lintern, A, Lodge, A, Smith, B, Sproston, M, Brooke, J, Bourotte, J, Camanzi, B, Cockerill, D J.A. ., Devitsin, E, Ergun, G, Gninenko, S, Golubev, N, Goussev, Y, Haguenauer, M, Head, R, Heath, H, Hobson, P R, Inyakin, A, Katchanov, V, Kirsanov, M, Nash, S, Newbold, D, Ukhanov, M, Postoev, V, Patalakha, D, Presland, A, Probert, M, Semeniouk, I, Seliverstov, D, Tapper, R, & Tchuiko, B. The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes in the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps. Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248.
Apollonio, M, Barber, G, Britton, D, Davies, G, Mcleod, E, Seez, C, Bell, K W, Brown, R M, Imrie, D C, Lintern, A, Lodge, A, Smith, B, Sproston, M, Brooke, J, Bourotte, J, Camanzi, B, Cockerill, D J.A. ., Devitsin, E, Ergun, G, Gninenko, S, Golubev, N, Goussev, Y, Haguenauer, M, Head, R, Heath, H, Hobson, P R, Inyakin, A, Katchanov, V, Kirsanov, M, Nash, S, Newbold, D, Ukhanov, M, Postoev, V, Patalakha, D, Presland, A, Probert, M, Semeniouk, I, Seliverstov, D, Tapper, R, and Tchuiko, B. 2004. "The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes in the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps." Netherlands. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248.
@misc{etde_20712645,
title = {The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes in the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps}
author = {Apollonio, M, Barber, G, Britton, D, Davies, G, Mcleod, E, Seez, C, Bell, K W, Brown, R M, Imrie, D C, Lintern, A, Lodge, A, Smith, B, Sproston, M, Brooke, J, Bourotte, J, Camanzi, B, Cockerill, D J.A. ., Devitsin, E, Ergun, G, Gninenko, S, Golubev, N, Goussev, Y, Haguenauer, M, Head, R, Heath, H, Hobson, P R, Inyakin, A, Katchanov, V, Kirsanov, M, Nash, S, Newbold, D, Ukhanov, M, Postoev, V, Patalakha, D, Presland, A, Probert, M, Semeniouk, I, Seliverstov, D, Tapper, R, and Tchuiko, B}
abstractNote = {The performance of prototype vacuum phototriodes is presented from the first full sized supercrystal array for the CMS ECAL endcaps. The array was exposed to high-energy electrons and tested in magnetic fields of up to 3 T, in the CERN North area, in July and August 1999. The mean VPT electron yield, normalised to a naked crystal light yield of 8 photoelectrons/MeV into an HPMT, was found to be 25 electrons/MeV at 3 T for devices from Research Institute Electron, 35 electrons/MeV for devices from Hamamatsu and 18/23 electrons/MeV from Electron Tubes.}
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2004.04.248}
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment}
issue = {3}
volume = {532}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {2004}
month = {Oct}
}