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Analysis and separation of boron isotopes; Analyse et separation des isotopes du bore

Abstract

The nuclear applications of boron-10 justify the study of a method of measurement of its isotopic abundance as well as of very small traces of boron in different materials. A systematic study of thermionic emission of BO{sub 2}Na{sub 2}{sup +} has been carried out. In the presence of a slight excess of alkalis, the thermionic emission is considerably reduced. On the other hand, the addition of a mixture of sodium hydroxide-glycerol (or mannitol) to borax permits to obtain an intense and stable beam. These results have permitted to establish an operative method for the analysis of traces of boron by isotopic dilution. In other respects, the needs of boron-10 in nuclear industry Justify the study of procedures of separation of isotopes of boron. A considerable isotopic effect has been exhibited in the chemical exchange reaction between methyl borate and borate salt in solution. In the case of exchange between methyl borate and sodium borate, the elementary separation factor {alpha} is: {alpha}=(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)vap.)/(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)liq.)=1.03{sub 3}. The high value of this elementary effect has been multiplied in a distillation column in which the problem of regeneration of the reactive has been resolved. An alternative procedure replacing the alkali borate by  More>>
Authors:
Perie, M [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Nov 01, 1966
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
CEA-R-3230
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: These ES-sciences phisiques; 97 refs
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AMINES; BORATES; BORIC ACID; BORON 10; EXTRACTION COLUMNS; ISOTOPE DILUTION; ISOTOPE RATIO; ISOTOPE SEPARATION; ISOTOPIC EXCHANGE; METHANOL
OSTI ID:
20702721
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Faculte des Sciences de l'Universite de Paris, Centre d'Orsay, 91 (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR05R3230017846
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
[73] pages
Announcement Date:
Apr 10, 2006

Citation Formats

Perie, M. Analysis and separation of boron isotopes; Analyse et separation des isotopes du bore. France: N. p., 1966. Web.
Perie, M. Analysis and separation of boron isotopes; Analyse et separation des isotopes du bore. France.
Perie, M. 1966. "Analysis and separation of boron isotopes; Analyse et separation des isotopes du bore." France.
@misc{etde_20702721,
title = {Analysis and separation of boron isotopes; Analyse et separation des isotopes du bore}
author = {Perie, M}
abstractNote = {The nuclear applications of boron-10 justify the study of a method of measurement of its isotopic abundance as well as of very small traces of boron in different materials. A systematic study of thermionic emission of BO{sub 2}Na{sub 2}{sup +} has been carried out. In the presence of a slight excess of alkalis, the thermionic emission is considerably reduced. On the other hand, the addition of a mixture of sodium hydroxide-glycerol (or mannitol) to borax permits to obtain an intense and stable beam. These results have permitted to establish an operative method for the analysis of traces of boron by isotopic dilution. In other respects, the needs of boron-10 in nuclear industry Justify the study of procedures of separation of isotopes of boron. A considerable isotopic effect has been exhibited in the chemical exchange reaction between methyl borate and borate salt in solution. In the case of exchange between methyl borate and sodium borate, the elementary separation factor {alpha} is: {alpha}=(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)vap.)/(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)liq.)=1.03{sub 3}. The high value of this elementary effect has been multiplied in a distillation column in which the problem of regeneration of the reactive has been resolved. An alternative procedure replacing the alkali borate by a borate of volatile base, for example diethylamine, has also been studied ({alpha}=1,02{sub 5} in medium hydro-methanolic with 2,2 per cent water). (author) [French] Les applications nucleaires du bore 10 justifient l'etude d'une methode de mesure de son abondance isotopique dans divers materiaux ainsi que le dosage de tres faibles traces de bore. Une etude systematique de l'emission thermoionique de BO{sub 2} Na{sub 2}{sup +} a ete effectuee. En presence d'un leger exces d'alcalins, l'emission thermoionique est considerablement reduite. Par contre l'addition au borax d'un melange soude-glycerol (ou mannitol) permet d'obtenir un faisceau stable et intense. Ces resultats ont permis d'etablir un mode operatoire pour l'analyse de traces de-bore,par dilution isotopique. Par ailleurs, les besoins en bore-10 de l'industrie nucleaire justifient la mise au point de procedes de separation des isotopes du bore. Un effet isotopique notable a ete mis en evidence dans la reaction d'echange chimique entre le borate de methyle et un sel borique en solution. Dans le cas de l'echange borate de methyle - borate de sodium, le facteur de separation elementaire {alpha}: {alpha}=(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)vap.)/(({sup 11}B/{sup 10}B)liq.)=1.03{sub 3}. Cet effet elementaire eleve a ete multiplie dans une colonne de distillation dans laquelle le probleme de la regeneration des reactifs a ete resolu. Une variante de ce procede a ete etudiee, en remplacant le borate alcalin par un borate de base volatile; ici la diethylamine ({alpha}=1,02{sub 5} en milieu hydromethanolique a 2,2 pour cent d'eau). (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1966}
month = {Nov}
}