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Construction of an apparatus for nuclear orientation measurements at low temperatures. Application to neodymium-cobalt alloy; Realisation d'un appareil pour des mesures d'orientation nucleaire a basse temperature. Application a l'alliage neodyme-cobalt

Abstract

We describe experiments along which has been studied the anisotropy of {gamma} radiations emitted by oriented nuclei. We have used the great hyperfine fields acting on nuclei in ferromagnetic metals so as to produce alignment at low temperature. By irradiation we obtained a few cobalt 60 nuclei in our samples which were then cooled down to 0,01 K. The anisotropic rate of the 1,33 MeV {gamma} radiation was measured in function of the sample temperature, using as thermometer the anisotropy of {gamma} radiation emitted by cobalt 60 nuclei in a cobalt single crystal. Cobalt 60 was lined up in a cobalt nickel alloy (40% Ni). The hyperfine field at the cobalt was measured compared to the effective field in metallic cobalt: Heff(Co Ni)/Heff(Co metal) = 0.71 {+-} 0.12. These results are in good agreement with specific heat measurements made previously. Cobalt 60 has been polarised in a neodymium-cobalt alloy (NdCo{sub 5}). The field at the cobalt in NdCo{sub 5} has been measured compared to the field in metallic cobalt and taking the non-saturation into account we found 165000 oersteds < Heff(NdCo{sub 5}) < 220000 oersteds. (author) [French] Nous decrivons des experiences au cours desquelles nous avons etudie l'anisotropie de rayonnements  More>>
Authors:
Mayer, E [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Grenoble (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1965
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
CEA-R-2987
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: These ES sciences; 51 refs
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; BETA DECAY; COBALT 60; GAMMA DECAY; HYPERFINE STRUCTURE; SPIN ORIENTATION
OSTI ID:
20680300
Research Organizations:
CEA Grenoble, 38 (France); Faculte des Sciences de l'Universite de Grenoble, 38 (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR05R2987115190
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
52 pages
Announcement Date:
Jan 07, 2006

Citation Formats

Mayer, E. Construction of an apparatus for nuclear orientation measurements at low temperatures. Application to neodymium-cobalt alloy; Realisation d'un appareil pour des mesures d'orientation nucleaire a basse temperature. Application a l'alliage neodyme-cobalt. France: N. p., 1965. Web.
Mayer, E. Construction of an apparatus for nuclear orientation measurements at low temperatures. Application to neodymium-cobalt alloy; Realisation d'un appareil pour des mesures d'orientation nucleaire a basse temperature. Application a l'alliage neodyme-cobalt. France.
Mayer, E. 1965. "Construction of an apparatus for nuclear orientation measurements at low temperatures. Application to neodymium-cobalt alloy; Realisation d'un appareil pour des mesures d'orientation nucleaire a basse temperature. Application a l'alliage neodyme-cobalt." France.
@misc{etde_20680300,
title = {Construction of an apparatus for nuclear orientation measurements at low temperatures. Application to neodymium-cobalt alloy; Realisation d'un appareil pour des mesures d'orientation nucleaire a basse temperature. Application a l'alliage neodyme-cobalt}
author = {Mayer, E}
abstractNote = {We describe experiments along which has been studied the anisotropy of {gamma} radiations emitted by oriented nuclei. We have used the great hyperfine fields acting on nuclei in ferromagnetic metals so as to produce alignment at low temperature. By irradiation we obtained a few cobalt 60 nuclei in our samples which were then cooled down to 0,01 K. The anisotropic rate of the 1,33 MeV {gamma} radiation was measured in function of the sample temperature, using as thermometer the anisotropy of {gamma} radiation emitted by cobalt 60 nuclei in a cobalt single crystal. Cobalt 60 was lined up in a cobalt nickel alloy (40% Ni). The hyperfine field at the cobalt was measured compared to the effective field in metallic cobalt: Heff(Co Ni)/Heff(Co metal) = 0.71 {+-} 0.12. These results are in good agreement with specific heat measurements made previously. Cobalt 60 has been polarised in a neodymium-cobalt alloy (NdCo{sub 5}). The field at the cobalt in NdCo{sub 5} has been measured compared to the field in metallic cobalt and taking the non-saturation into account we found 165000 oersteds < Heff(NdCo{sub 5}) < 220000 oersteds. (author) [French] Nous decrivons des experiences au cours desquelles nous avons etudie l'anisotropie de rayonnements {gamma} emis par des noyaux orientes. Nous avons utilise les grands champs hyperfins agissant sur las noyaux dans les metaux ferromagnetiques pour produire l'alignement a basse temperature. Par irradiation nous avons obtenu quelques noyaux de cobalt 60 dans nos echantillons qui furent ensuite refroidis a 0,01 K. Le degre d'anisotropie du rayonnement {gamma} de 1,33 MeV fut mesure en fonction de la temperature de l'echantillon en utilisant l'anisotropie du rayonnement {gamma} de noyaux de cobalt 60 dans un monocristal de cobalt metallique utilise comme thermometre. Le cobalt 60 a ete aligne dans un alliage de cobalt-nickel (40% Ni). Le champ hyperfin au niveau du cobalt a ete mesure par rapport au champ effectif dans le cobalt metallique: Heff(Co Ni)/Heff(Co metallique) 0,71 {+-} 0,12. Ces resultats sont en bonne concordance avec les mesures de chaleur specifique effectuees anterieurement. Le cobalt 60 a ete polarise dans un alliage de neodyme et de cobalt (NdCo{sub 5}). Le champ au niveau du cobalt dans NdCo{sub 5}, a ete mesure par rapport au champ dans le cobalt metallique (H = 193000 {+-} 20000 oersteds) et en tenant compte de la non-saturation, nous avons obtenu: 165000 oersteds < Heff(NdCo{sub 5}) < 220000 oersteds.}
place = {France}
year = {1965}
month = {Oct}
}