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Risk analysis related to dangerous materials transport and storage in urban areas; L'integration du risque lie au transport et au stockage des produits chimiques dans la planification urbaine: l'apport des outils d'analyse decisionnelle

Abstract

Risk management in an urban areas not always an easy task and the selection of appropriate prevention measure is often difficult. Consequences of an accident can be multiple (mortality, destruction, pollution, interruption of supplies, economic losses, traffic difficulties), and preventive measures are difficult to compare. The objective of this report is to present different methods applicable for decision making emphasising the criteria for their intercomparison and their limitations. In any case a more sophisticated analysis is needed for risk management in urban areas. Principals of methods needed for decision making are presented. These methods are based on a single criteria (regular constraint), on a few criteria that can be measured (cost-benefit), or a number of criteria at choice. These rather general methods should be adaptable to be applied for specific domain. For risk management the following adaptation are presented: identifying the limit of maximum individual risk (generalisation of regular constraint); adoption of different values of human life as a function of nature of consequences (generalisation of cost-benefit method), application of risk avoidance factors. These different developments predict versions of tools for decision making which can be applicable to risk management in urban areas. [French] La gestion des risques en milieu  More>>
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1989
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEPN-163; INIS-XA-N-123
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Refs, 4 figs, 5 tabs
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; ACCIDENT INSURANCE; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; DECISION MAKING; RISK ASSESSMENT; URBAN AREAS
OSTI ID:
20669832
Research Organizations:
Centre d'Etude sur l'Evaluation de la Protection dans le Domaine Nucleaire - CEPN, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA04N1250108689
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
47 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 14, 2005

Citation Formats

Lombard, J, Hubert, P, and Pages, P. Risk analysis related to dangerous materials transport and storage in urban areas; L'integration du risque lie au transport et au stockage des produits chimiques dans la planification urbaine: l'apport des outils d'analyse decisionnelle. IAEA: N. p., 1989. Web.
Lombard, J, Hubert, P, & Pages, P. Risk analysis related to dangerous materials transport and storage in urban areas; L'integration du risque lie au transport et au stockage des produits chimiques dans la planification urbaine: l'apport des outils d'analyse decisionnelle. IAEA.
Lombard, J, Hubert, P, and Pages, P. 1989. "Risk analysis related to dangerous materials transport and storage in urban areas; L'integration du risque lie au transport et au stockage des produits chimiques dans la planification urbaine: l'apport des outils d'analyse decisionnelle." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20669832,
title = {Risk analysis related to dangerous materials transport and storage in urban areas; L'integration du risque lie au transport et au stockage des produits chimiques dans la planification urbaine: l'apport des outils d'analyse decisionnelle}
author = {Lombard, J, Hubert, P, and Pages, P}
abstractNote = {Risk management in an urban areas not always an easy task and the selection of appropriate prevention measure is often difficult. Consequences of an accident can be multiple (mortality, destruction, pollution, interruption of supplies, economic losses, traffic difficulties), and preventive measures are difficult to compare. The objective of this report is to present different methods applicable for decision making emphasising the criteria for their intercomparison and their limitations. In any case a more sophisticated analysis is needed for risk management in urban areas. Principals of methods needed for decision making are presented. These methods are based on a single criteria (regular constraint), on a few criteria that can be measured (cost-benefit), or a number of criteria at choice. These rather general methods should be adaptable to be applied for specific domain. For risk management the following adaptation are presented: identifying the limit of maximum individual risk (generalisation of regular constraint); adoption of different values of human life as a function of nature of consequences (generalisation of cost-benefit method), application of risk avoidance factors. These different developments predict versions of tools for decision making which can be applicable to risk management in urban areas. [French] La gestion des risques en milieu urbain n'est pas toujours une tache aisee et la selection du moyen de prevention approprie sera souvent difficile. En effet, les consequences d'un accident peuvent etre multiples (mortalite, morbidite, destruction, pollution, interruption de reseaux, pertes economiques, difficultes de circulation...) et les moyens de prevention envisageables pour limiter l'occurrence d'un accident et/ou les consequences associees seront alors difficiles a comparer. Le recours a une methode d'evaluation permettant de quantifier puis de comparer les merites respectifs de ces differents moyens devient aujourd'hui necessaire afin de determiner sur des bases objectives quel moyen retenir. Cette etape n'est pas pour autant suffisante, car l'integration des resultats dans les processus decisionnels reste a organiser. L'objet de ce rapport est de presenter differentes methodes d'aide a la decision utilisables a ce jour, en soulignant les criteres sur lesquels elles fondent leur comparaison et leurs limitations dans le contexte envisage ici. Quoique ce point necessite une analyse plus approfondie, quelques rappels generaux des principales particularites de la gestion des risques en milieu urbain (implication possible de multiples acteurs dans la prise de decision et/ou de differents criteres de choix; difficulte d'evaluation des impacts) sont effectues. Les principales methodes d'aide a la decision sont ensuite presentees. Ces methodes se fondent sur un critere unique (respect d'une contrainte reglementaire), sur quelques criteres monetarisables (cout-benefice) ou sur de multiples criteres de choix (fonctions d'utilite). Ces methodes assez generales doivent faire l'objet d'adaptations speifiques pour pouvoir etre appliquees au mieux a un domaine particulier. Pour ce qui concerne la gestion des risques accidentels, les adaptations suivantes sont presentees de maniere critique : - Notion de limite de risque maximal individuel (generalisation d'une contrainte reglementaire). - Adoption de differentes valeurs de la vie humaine en fonction de la nature des consequences de l'accident (generalisation de la methode cout-benefice). - Utilisation de facteurs d'aversion pour le risque (application de la theorie de l'utilite pour prendre en compte le poids important accorde aux evenements catastrophiques). Ces differents developpements visent a proposer des versions des outils d'analyse decisionnelle qui s'appliquent efficacement a la gestion du risque en milieu urbain. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1989}
month = {Dec}
}