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Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle

Abstract

The economic advantage of electricity-generating nuclear stations decreases when their size decreases. However, when a counter-pressure turbine is joined on to a reactor and the residual heat can be properly used, it can be shown that fairly low capacity nuclear equipment may compete with conventional equipment under certain realistic enough conditions. The aim of this paper is to define these special conditions under which nuclear energy can be profitable. They are connected with the location and the general economic environment of the station, the pattern of the electricity and heat demands it must meet, the level of fuel and specific capital costs, nuclear and conventional. These conditions entail certain technical and economic specifications for the reactors used in this way otherwise they are unlikely to be competitive. In addition, these results are referred to the potential steam and electricity market, which leads us to examine certain uses for the heat generated by double purpose power stations; for example, to supply combined industrial plants, various types of town heating and for removal of salt from sea water. (authors) [French] L'interet economique de centrales nucleaires productrices d'electricite decroit lorsque la puissance decroit. Cependant, lorsqu'on associe une turbine a contrepression a un reacteur  More>>
Authors:
Gaussens, J; Moulle, N; Dutheil, F; [1]  Aldebert, J [2] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
  2. Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucleaires (INSTN), CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif sur Yvette (France)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1964
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-2685
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; COGENERATION; DESALINATION PLANTS; DISTRICT HEATING; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; ENERGY POLICY; EXPENDITURES; INVESTMENT; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; STEAM GENERATION PLANTS; SUPPLY AND DEMAND; WASTE HEAT UTILIZATION
OSTI ID:
20668379
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English; French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR05R2685107080
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
38 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 14, 2005

Citation Formats

Gaussens, J, Moulle, N, Dutheil, F, and Aldebert, J. Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle. France: N. p., 1964. Web.
Gaussens, J, Moulle, N, Dutheil, F, & Aldebert, J. Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle. France.
Gaussens, J, Moulle, N, Dutheil, F, and Aldebert, J. 1964. "Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle." France.
@misc{etde_20668379,
title = {Economic aspects of electricity and industrial heat generating reactors; Aspect economique des reacteurs produisant de l'electricite et de la chaleur industrielle}
author = {Gaussens, J, Moulle, N, Dutheil, F, and Aldebert, J}
abstractNote = {The economic advantage of electricity-generating nuclear stations decreases when their size decreases. However, when a counter-pressure turbine is joined on to a reactor and the residual heat can be properly used, it can be shown that fairly low capacity nuclear equipment may compete with conventional equipment under certain realistic enough conditions. The aim of this paper is to define these special conditions under which nuclear energy can be profitable. They are connected with the location and the general economic environment of the station, the pattern of the electricity and heat demands it must meet, the level of fuel and specific capital costs, nuclear and conventional. These conditions entail certain technical and economic specifications for the reactors used in this way otherwise they are unlikely to be competitive. In addition, these results are referred to the potential steam and electricity market, which leads us to examine certain uses for the heat generated by double purpose power stations; for example, to supply combined industrial plants, various types of town heating and for removal of salt from sea water. (authors) [French] L'interet economique de centrales nucleaires productrices d'electricite decroit lorsque la puissance decroit. Cependant, lorsqu'on associe une turbine a contrepression a un reacteur et qu'il est possible d'utiliser dans de bonnes conditions la chaleur residuelle, on peut montrer que dans certaines conditions assez realistes, des equipements nucleaires d'une puissance unitaire peu elevee peuvent etre competitifs avec des equipements conventionnels. Cette communication a donc pour but de mettre en evidence quelles sont ces conditions particulieres de rentabilite de l'energie nucleaire. Elles sont liees a la localisation de la centrale et a son contexte economique general, a la structure de la demande d'energie electrique et thermique a laquelle elle doit satisfaire, au niveau des couts des combustibles et des investissements specifiques nucleaires et classiques. Ces conditions de rentabilite conduisent a admettre pour les reacteurs ainsi utilises certaines caracteristiques techniques et economiques hors desquelles la competition est improbable. On situe, d'autre part, ces resultats par rapport au marche potentiel de la vapeur et de l'electricite et on est ainsi conduit a examiner certaines utilisations de la chaleur des centrales mixtes telles que l'alimentation de complexes industriels, de divers types de chauffage urbain ou du dessalement des eaux de mer. (auteurs)}
place = {France}
year = {1964}
month = {Jul}
}