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Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires

Abstract

The rapid development of nuclear energy demands an urgent solution to the health problems arising from the discharge into the environment of radioactive residues produced by nuclear installations. - To be able to evaluate the risks run by the population and to fix tolerance limits for waste discharge, it is necessary to possess an exact knowledge of the course taken by the radioelements discharged, from their source until they reach man. The incorporation of radioelements in food cycles is the first risk to take into consideration. The factors involved in all stages of this transmission must be foreseen, whether they concern physical or biological media, because of their continuity and their interdependence. Finally, socio-economic and dietetic data must be collected in order that the risks and tolerance levels estimated are based on concrete and experimental rather than theoretical knowledge. The risk of nuclear accidents in the atomic industry, although very improbable, must be taken into consideration because of the seriousness of their consequences. The health problems arise in the field of professional hygiene on the one hand and in that of public hygiene on the other. In the first field the risk is two-fold and involves irradiation and contamination. The  More>>
Authors:
Jammet, H; Mechali, D; Dousset, M [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1964
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-2641
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ACCIDENTS; CONTAMINATION; ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT; FOOD CHAINS; IRRADIATION; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; RISK ASSESSMENT
OSTI ID:
20668335
Research Organizations:
CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR05R2641107036
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
20 pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 19, 2005

Citation Formats

Jammet, H, Mechali, D, and Dousset, M. Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires. France: N. p., 1964. Web.
Jammet, H, Mechali, D, & Dousset, M. Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires. France.
Jammet, H, Mechali, D, and Dousset, M. 1964. "Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires." France.
@misc{etde_20668335,
title = {Health problems raised by the elimination of radioactive wastes and nuclear accidents; Problemes sanitaires poses par l'elimination des dechets radioactifs et par les accidents nucleaires}
author = {Jammet, H, Mechali, D, and Dousset, M}
abstractNote = {The rapid development of nuclear energy demands an urgent solution to the health problems arising from the discharge into the environment of radioactive residues produced by nuclear installations. - To be able to evaluate the risks run by the population and to fix tolerance limits for waste discharge, it is necessary to possess an exact knowledge of the course taken by the radioelements discharged, from their source until they reach man. The incorporation of radioelements in food cycles is the first risk to take into consideration. The factors involved in all stages of this transmission must be foreseen, whether they concern physical or biological media, because of their continuity and their interdependence. Finally, socio-economic and dietetic data must be collected in order that the risks and tolerance levels estimated are based on concrete and experimental rather than theoretical knowledge. The risk of nuclear accidents in the atomic industry, although very improbable, must be taken into consideration because of the seriousness of their consequences. The health problems arise in the field of professional hygiene on the one hand and in that of public hygiene on the other. In the first field the risk is two-fold and involves irradiation and contamination. The public sphere is reduced essentially to the risk of contamination by radioactive substances accidentally released in the surrounding medium. The health studies to be conducted in this field therefore include research not only on irradiation or contamination therapeutics but also on the transfer of radioelements from the accident site to man, mainly through food cycles, in their physical and in their biological components. Studies of this kind form the basis of decisions in the health field which would have to be taken in the case of an accident. (authors) [French] Le developpement rapide de l'energie nucleaire rend urgente la solution des problemes sanitaires poses par le rejet dans le milieu ambiant des residus radioactifs produits par les installations nucleaires. L'evaluation du risque encouru par les populations et la fixation des limites admissibles pour les rejets ne peuvent resulter que d'une connaissance exacte du cheminement des radioelements rejetes, depuis leur source d'emission jusqu'a l'homme. L'incorporation des radioelements dans les chaines alimentaires constitue le premier risque a prendre en consideration. Les facteurs de passage doivent etre envisages, dans toutes les etapes de cette transmission, qu'elles interessent les milieux physiques ou les milieux proprement biologiques, du fait de leur continuite et de leur interdependance. Enfin, les donnees de caractere socio-economique et dietetique doivent etre recueillies pour conduire a une evaluation des risques et des niveaux admissibles reposant non sur des donnees theoriques mais sur des bases concretes et experimentales. Le risque d'accidents nucleaires dans l'industrie atomique, bien que de probabilite tres reduite, doit etre pris en consideration du fait de la gravite de leurs consequences. Les problemes sanitaires se posent d'une part dans le domaine de l'hygiene professionnelle, d'autre part dans celui de l'hygiene publique. Le premier domaine implique un risque double: d'irradiation et de contamination. Le domaine public n'est soumis essentiellement qu'au risque de contamination par les substances radioactives liberees accidentellement dans le milieu. Les etudes sanitaires a mener dans ce domaine comprennent, de ce fait, les recherches sur la therapeutique des irradiations ou des contaminations mais aussi celles relatives au transfert des radioelements depuis l'installation accidentee jusqu'a l'homme, principalement a travers les chaines alimentaires, dans leurs composantes physiques comme dans leurs composantes biologiques. De telles etudes sont a la base des decisions d'ordre sanitaire qu'il conviendrait de prendre dans le cas d'un accident. (auteurs)}
place = {France}
year = {1964}
month = {Jul}
}