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Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale

Abstract

Automation has long been an established feature of power plants. In some applications, the use of automation has been the significant factor which has enabled plant technology to progress to its current state. Societal demands for increased levels of safety have led to greater use of redundancy and diversity and this, in turn, has increased levels of automation. However, possibly the greatest contributory factor in increased automation has resulted from improvements in information technology. Much recent attention has been focused on the concept of inherently safe reactors, which may simplify safety system requirements and information and control system complexity. The allocation of tasks between man and machine may be one of the most critical activity in the design of new nuclear plants and major retro-fits and it therefore warrants a design approach which is commensurate in quality with the high levels of safety and production performance sought from nuclear plants. Facing this climate, in 1989 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) formed an advisory group from member countries with extensive experience in nuclear power plant automation. The task of this group was to advise on the appropriate balance between manual and automatic actions in plant operation. (author) [French] L'automatisation a  More>>
Authors:
Sun, B; [1]  Bastl, W; [2]  Olmstead, R; [3]  Oudiz, A; [4]  Jenkinson, J; [5]  Kossilov, A [6] 
  1. CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Dept. d'Analyse de Surete
  2. Gesellschaft fuer Reaktorsicherheit m.b.H. (GRS), Garching (Germany)
  3. Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, Mississauga (Canada)
  4. Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)
  5. Nuclear Electric PLC, Gloucester (United Kingdom)
  6. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1990
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-DAS-729(f); INIS-XA-N-134
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Atomic Energy Agency Symposium on balancing automation and human action on nuclear power plants, Munich (Germany), 9-13 Jul 1990; Other Information: Also published in English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; AUTOMATION; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; IAEA; INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; REACTOR CONTROL SYSTEMS; REACTOR INSTRUMENTATION; RECOMMENDATIONS
OSTI ID:
20646507
Research Organizations:
CEA Centre d'Etudes de Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France). Dept. d'Analyse de Surete
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA04N1261087585
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
35 pages
Announcement Date:
Nov 17, 2005

Citation Formats

Sun, B, Bastl, W, Olmstead, R, Oudiz, A, Jenkinson, J, and Kossilov, A. Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale. IAEA: N. p., 1990. Web.
Sun, B, Bastl, W, Olmstead, R, Oudiz, A, Jenkinson, J, & Kossilov, A. Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale. IAEA.
Sun, B, Bastl, W, Olmstead, R, Oudiz, A, Jenkinson, J, and Kossilov, A. 1990. "Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20646507,
title = {Balance between automation and human actions in nuclear power plant operation. Results of international cooperation; Equilibre entre automatisation et action humaine dans la conduite des centrale nucleaires, resultats de la cooperation internationale}
author = {Sun, B, Bastl, W, Olmstead, R, Oudiz, A, Jenkinson, J, and Kossilov, A}
abstractNote = {Automation has long been an established feature of power plants. In some applications, the use of automation has been the significant factor which has enabled plant technology to progress to its current state. Societal demands for increased levels of safety have led to greater use of redundancy and diversity and this, in turn, has increased levels of automation. However, possibly the greatest contributory factor in increased automation has resulted from improvements in information technology. Much recent attention has been focused on the concept of inherently safe reactors, which may simplify safety system requirements and information and control system complexity. The allocation of tasks between man and machine may be one of the most critical activity in the design of new nuclear plants and major retro-fits and it therefore warrants a design approach which is commensurate in quality with the high levels of safety and production performance sought from nuclear plants. Facing this climate, in 1989 the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) formed an advisory group from member countries with extensive experience in nuclear power plant automation. The task of this group was to advise on the appropriate balance between manual and automatic actions in plant operation. (author) [French] L'automatisation a longtemps ete une caracteristique bien etablie des centrales nucleaires. Dans certaines applications, l'utilisation de l'automatisation a ete le facteur decisif qui a permis a la technologie des centrales de progresser jusqu'a son etat actuel. Les exigences de l'opinion publique en matiere de securite renforcee ont conduit a l'utilisation d'une plus grande redondance et a une plus grande diversification et ceci, en retour, a encore accru le niveau d'automatisation. Toutefois, il est possible que le facteur preponderant de cet accroissement de l'automatisation soit constitue par les progres effectues dans la technologie de l'information. Plus recemment, l'attention s'est portee sur le concept de reacteurs 'intrinsequement surs', ce qui pourrait simplifier les equipements de securite, et reduire la complexite des systemes d'information et de controle. La repartition des taches entre homme et machine pourrait bien etre l'une des etapes les plus critiques dans la conception d'une centrale nucleaire et l'un des progres les plus sensibles; de ce fait, elle garantit une approche dans la conception qui est commensurable en qualite avec les hauts niveaux de securite et de qualite de production recherches pour les centrales nucleaires. C'est dans ce climat que l'Agence Internationale pour l'Energie Atomique (AIEA) a constitue en 1989 un groupe de recherche auquel participent les pays membres, lequel groupe possede une experience etendue dans le domaine de l'automatisation des centrales nucleaires. La tache de ce groupe etait d'evaluer ou se situait le juste equilibre entre actions manuelles et automatiques dans la conduite des centrales. Se basant sur des recherches anterieures et sur l'experience de ses membres, le groupe a determine que toute solution unique, totalement deterministe, au probleme de la repartition des taches est impossible. Cependant, dans la mesure ou le role de l'operateur est appele progressivement a se transformer, avec le temps, en un role de gestionnaire du systeme, il est imperatif qu'une procedure systematique de repartition des taches soit utilisee par l'equipe chargee de la conception. Le groupe a propose une methodologie qui s'appuie sur des travaux deja publies, mais il adopte une approche pragmatique, adaptee aux besoins reels des projets. Cette methodologie caracterise un certain nombre de facteurs qui relevent des processus de prise de decision, guide une telle prise de decision, et identifie les secteurs dont il considere qu'ils doivent devenir l'objet de recherches ulterieures. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1990}
month = {Jul}
}