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Thermic decomposition of biphenyl; Decomposition thermique du biphenyle

Abstract

Liquid and vapour phase pyrolysis of very pure biphenyl obtained by methods described in the text was carried out at 400 C in sealed ampoules, the fraction transformed being always less than 0.1 per cent. The main products were hydrogen, benzene, terphenyls, and a deposit of polyphenyls strongly adhering to the walls. Small quantities of the lower aliphatic hydrocarbons were also found. The variation of the yields of these products with a) the pyrolysis time, b) the state (gas or liquid) of the biphenyl, and c) the pressure of the vapour was measured. Varying the area and nature of the walls showed that in the absence of a liquid phase, the pyrolytic decomposition takes place in the adsorbed layer, and that metallic walls promote the reaction more actively than do those of glass (pyrex or silica). A mechanism is proposed to explain the results pertaining to this decomposition in the adsorbed phase. The adsorption seems to obey a Langmuir isotherm, and the chemical act which determines the overall rate of decomposition is unimolecular. (author) [French] Du biphenyle tres pur, dont la purification est decrite, est pyrolyse a 400 C en phase vapeur et en phase liquide dans des ampoules scellees  More>>
Authors:
Lutz, M [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saclay (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1966
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
CEA-R-3084
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: These ES-sciences; 45 refs; PBD: Mar 1966
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ADSORPTION; BIPHENYL; GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY; ORGANIC MODERATORS; PHENYL RADICALS; PURIFICATION; PYROLYSIS
OSTI ID:
20622012
Research Organizations:
CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Faculte des Sciences de l'Universite de Paris, 75 (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR05R3084065663
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
[70] pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Lutz, M. Thermic decomposition of biphenyl; Decomposition thermique du biphenyle. France: N. p., 1966. Web.
Lutz, M. Thermic decomposition of biphenyl; Decomposition thermique du biphenyle. France.
Lutz, M. 1966. "Thermic decomposition of biphenyl; Decomposition thermique du biphenyle." France.
@misc{etde_20622012,
title = {Thermic decomposition of biphenyl; Decomposition thermique du biphenyle}
author = {Lutz, M}
abstractNote = {Liquid and vapour phase pyrolysis of very pure biphenyl obtained by methods described in the text was carried out at 400 C in sealed ampoules, the fraction transformed being always less than 0.1 per cent. The main products were hydrogen, benzene, terphenyls, and a deposit of polyphenyls strongly adhering to the walls. Small quantities of the lower aliphatic hydrocarbons were also found. The variation of the yields of these products with a) the pyrolysis time, b) the state (gas or liquid) of the biphenyl, and c) the pressure of the vapour was measured. Varying the area and nature of the walls showed that in the absence of a liquid phase, the pyrolytic decomposition takes place in the adsorbed layer, and that metallic walls promote the reaction more actively than do those of glass (pyrex or silica). A mechanism is proposed to explain the results pertaining to this decomposition in the adsorbed phase. The adsorption seems to obey a Langmuir isotherm, and the chemical act which determines the overall rate of decomposition is unimolecular. (author) [French] Du biphenyle tres pur, dont la purification est decrite, est pyrolyse a 400 C en phase vapeur et en phase liquide dans des ampoules scellees sous vide, a des taux de decomposition n'ayant jamais depasse 0,1 pour cent. Les produits provenant de la pyrolyse sont essentiellement: l' hydrogene, le benzene, les therphenyles, et un depot de polyphenyles adherant fortement aux parois. En plus il se forme de faibles quantites d'hydrocarbures aliphatiques gazeux. On indique la variation des rendements des differents produits avec la duree de pyrolyse, l'etat gazeux ou liquide du biphenyle, et la pression de la vapeur. Variant la superficie et la nature des parois, on montre qu'en absence de liquide la pyrolyse se fait en phase adsorbee. La pyrolyse est plus active au contact de parois metalliques que de celles de verres (pyrex ou silice). A partir des resultats experimentaux un mecanisme de degradation du biphenyle en phase adsorbee est suggere, l'adsorption paraissant regie par l'isotherme de Langmuir, et l'acte chimique determinant la vitesse globale de la pyrolyse etant monomoleculaire en ce qui concerne le molecule de biphenyle adsorbee. (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1966}
month = {Mar}
}