You need JavaScript to view this

Radiological aspects of postfission waste management for light-water reactor fuel cycle options

Journal Article:

Abstract

A generic environmental impact statement on the management of radioactive postfission wastes from various light-water reactor fuel cycles in the United States has been prepared. The environmental analysis for post-fission waste management includes an examination of radiological impacts related to different waste treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal options at the process level. Effects addressed include effluents from plants, and radiological impacts from facility operation (routine and accidents), and decommissioning. Environmental effects are combined for fuel reprocessing plants, mixed-oxide fuel fabrication plants, and waste repositories. Radiological effects are also aggregated for several fuel cycle options over the period 1980 and 2050. Fuel cycles analyzed are (1) once-through cycle in which spent reactor fuel is cooled in water basins for at least 6-1/2 years and then disposed of in deep geologic repositories; (2) spent fuel reprocessing in which uranium only and uranium and plutonium is recycled and solidified high level waste, fuel residues, and non-high-level transuranic wastes are disposed of in deep geologic repositories; and (3) deferred cycle that calls for storage of spent fuel at Federal spent fuel storage facilities until the year 2000 at which time a decision is made whether to dispose of spent fuel as a waste or  More>>
Authors:
Shipler, D B; Nelson, I C [1] 
  1. Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1978
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Health Physics; Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 6; Conference: 23. annual meeting of the Health Physics Society, Minneapolis, MN (United States), 18-23 Jun 1978; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Abstract only; PBD: Dec 1978
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; DECISION MAKING; DECOMMISSIONING; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS; FUEL CYCLE; FUEL REPROCESSING PLANTS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; MIXED OXIDE FUEL FABRICATION PLANTS; PLUTONIUM; REACTOR FUELING; REPROCESSING; SPENT FUEL STORAGE; SPENT FUELS; URANIUM; WATER COOLED REACTORS; WATER MODERATED REACTORS
OSTI ID:
20621745
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9078; HLTPAO; TRN: XA04N2344065395
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 899
Announcement Date:
Aug 28, 2005

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Shipler, D B, and Nelson, I C. Radiological aspects of postfission waste management for light-water reactor fuel cycle options. IAEA: N. p., 1978. Web.
Shipler, D B, & Nelson, I C. Radiological aspects of postfission waste management for light-water reactor fuel cycle options. IAEA.
Shipler, D B, and Nelson, I C. 1978. "Radiological aspects of postfission waste management for light-water reactor fuel cycle options." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20621745,
title = {Radiological aspects of postfission waste management for light-water reactor fuel cycle options}
author = {Shipler, D B, and Nelson, I C}
abstractNote = {A generic environmental impact statement on the management of radioactive postfission wastes from various light-water reactor fuel cycles in the United States has been prepared. The environmental analysis for post-fission waste management includes an examination of radiological impacts related to different waste treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal options at the process level. Effects addressed include effluents from plants, and radiological impacts from facility operation (routine and accidents), and decommissioning. Environmental effects are combined for fuel reprocessing plants, mixed-oxide fuel fabrication plants, and waste repositories. Radiological effects are also aggregated for several fuel cycle options over the period 1980 and 2050. Fuel cycles analyzed are (1) once-through cycle in which spent reactor fuel is cooled in water basins for at least 6-1/2 years and then disposed of in deep geologic repositories; (2) spent fuel reprocessing in which uranium only and uranium and plutonium is recycled and solidified high level waste, fuel residues, and non-high-level transuranic wastes are disposed of in deep geologic repositories; and (3) deferred cycle that calls for storage of spent fuel at Federal spent fuel storage facilities until the year 2000 at which time a decision is made whether to dispose of spent fuel as a waste or to reprocess the fuel to recover uranium and plutonium. Key environmental issues for decision-making related to waste management alternatives and fuel cycle options are highlighted. (author)}
journal = {Health Physics}
issue = {6}
volume = {35}
journal type = {AC}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1978}
month = {Dec}
}