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Comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. General framework and preliminary results for the nuclear fuel cycle

Abstract

The comparison of the effects of electricity producing systems is of growing importance in decision-making processes for energy planning. This report documents the preliminary results of a project for the CEC-DG XII Radiation Protection Programme on the comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. The work reported in this document has also been supported by EDF - Mission Environnement. In order to profit from the comparative studies already existing, some of the most important ones were surveyed. The aim of these past energy comparison studies was mainly to obtain a global measure of the risks associated with an energy cycle, with a view to ranking the various electricity production systems; but this is now recognised as merely an academic exercise, with a limited impact in decision-making. For energy planning the development of a multi-dimensional approach seems more suitable, as this allows the different types of indicators and measures needed to assess the risks of different energy cycles to be compared. From the past studies it has been seen that health indicators are generally well established, but a weakness is noted with respect to indicators of environmental impacts. This remains a difficult subject, and until  More>>
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEPN-203; INIS-XA-N-252
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 34 refs, 17 figs, 40 tabs; PBD: Jun 1992
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ELECTRICITY; ENERGY SYSTEMS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; POWER GENERATION; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION PROTECTION; RISK ASSESSMENT
OSTI ID:
20601300
Research Organizations:
Centre d'etude sur l'Evaluation de la Protection dans le domaine Nucleaire (CEPN), Fontenay aux Roses Cedex (France)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: Contract B17-0004-C; C222/Filieres; TRN: XA04N2869047781
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
116 pages
Announcement Date:
Jun 19, 2005

Citation Formats

Rostron, W, Schneider, T, Thieme, M, and Dreicer, M. Comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. General framework and preliminary results for the nuclear fuel cycle. IAEA: N. p., 1992. Web.
Rostron, W, Schneider, T, Thieme, M, & Dreicer, M. Comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. General framework and preliminary results for the nuclear fuel cycle. IAEA.
Rostron, W, Schneider, T, Thieme, M, and Dreicer, M. 1992. "Comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. General framework and preliminary results for the nuclear fuel cycle." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20601300,
title = {Comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. General framework and preliminary results for the nuclear fuel cycle}
author = {Rostron, W, Schneider, T, Thieme, M, and Dreicer, M}
abstractNote = {The comparison of the effects of electricity producing systems is of growing importance in decision-making processes for energy planning. This report documents the preliminary results of a project for the CEC-DG XII Radiation Protection Programme on the comparative assessment and management of the health and environmental impacts of energy systems. The work reported in this document has also been supported by EDF - Mission Environnement. In order to profit from the comparative studies already existing, some of the most important ones were surveyed. The aim of these past energy comparison studies was mainly to obtain a global measure of the risks associated with an energy cycle, with a view to ranking the various electricity production systems; but this is now recognised as merely an academic exercise, with a limited impact in decision-making. For energy planning the development of a multi-dimensional approach seems more suitable, as this allows the different types of indicators and measures needed to assess the risks of different energy cycles to be compared. From the past studies it has been seen that health indicators are generally well established, but a weakness is noted with respect to indicators of environmental impacts. This remains a difficult subject, and until such indicators are established, surrogates like concentrations in the environment will have to be used, or qualitative comparisons must suffice. This report presents a general framework allowing for consistent comparisons between different energy systems. The key issues discussed are: assessment by fuel cycle, consideration of the dimensions of time and space, the impact pathway approach for assessing risk, and coherent indicators that can be used to measure the impacts. First results are presented for four activities of the nuclear fuel cycle according to the approach developed: (1) the construction and dismantling of a 900 MWe pressurized water reactor, (2) the transportation of materials between installations at the different stages of the cycle, (3) the disposal of radioactive wastes, and (4) a severe nuclear reactor accident, have been evaluated. The next phase of work will investigate the remaining activities of the nuclear cycle, and the potential use of multi-criteria analysis for comparative risk studies. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1992}
month = {Jun}
}