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Risk assessment of chemicals: A central European perspective

Abstract

During the last four decades in the Czech and Slovak federal Republic (CSFR) and Hungary, similar to the previous Soviet Union and all the Central and East European countries the prevention of the adverse health effects of chemicals in occupational and environmental settings, drinking water and food of population was intended to be achieved by determination and compulsory observance of hygienic limit values. From recent political developments it can be expected that due to the decay of the former Warsaw Pact and the related Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) the next development of risk assessment will reflect that new situation. The OECD principles of toxicity testing and risk assessment of exposure to chemicals will be sooner or later accepted in principle in the framework of a general economic integration of Central and Eastern European countries with EEC. During the 80s there was a growing feeling of the necessity to harmonize the activities of OECD and CMEA countries in the field of toxicological methodology and approaches to risk assessment of chemicals because of the growing production and mutual trade including transport of industrial and agricultural chemicals. As a contributory factor supporting this effort there was growing cross boundary air and  More>>
Authors:
Bencko, Vladimir; [1]  Ungvary, Gyoergy [2] 
  1. Institute of Hygiene, 1st Medical Faculty, Charles University, Prague (Czech Republic)
  2. National Institute of Occupational Health, Budapest (Hungary)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1992
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-XA-N-030
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1992 international conference on risk assessment, London (United Kingdom), 5-9 Oct 1992; Other Information: Refs, 1 fig., 1 tab; PBD: 1992; Related Information: In: Risk assessment, session 1-4. International conference 1992. Part 1, 248 pages.
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CHEMICAL INDUSTRY; CHEMICAL WASTES; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY; PUBLIC HEALTH; RADIATION HAZARDS; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIOECOLOGY; RISK ASSESSMENT; WORKING CONDITIONS
OSTI ID:
20577151
Research Organizations:
Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (United Kingdom)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA04N0316028688
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 153-161
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Bencko, Vladimir, and Ungvary, Gyoergy. Risk assessment of chemicals: A central European perspective. IAEA: N. p., 1992. Web.
Bencko, Vladimir, & Ungvary, Gyoergy. Risk assessment of chemicals: A central European perspective. IAEA.
Bencko, Vladimir, and Ungvary, Gyoergy. 1992. "Risk assessment of chemicals: A central European perspective." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20577151,
title = {Risk assessment of chemicals: A central European perspective}
author = {Bencko, Vladimir, and Ungvary, Gyoergy}
abstractNote = {During the last four decades in the Czech and Slovak federal Republic (CSFR) and Hungary, similar to the previous Soviet Union and all the Central and East European countries the prevention of the adverse health effects of chemicals in occupational and environmental settings, drinking water and food of population was intended to be achieved by determination and compulsory observance of hygienic limit values. From recent political developments it can be expected that due to the decay of the former Warsaw Pact and the related Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) the next development of risk assessment will reflect that new situation. The OECD principles of toxicity testing and risk assessment of exposure to chemicals will be sooner or later accepted in principle in the framework of a general economic integration of Central and Eastern European countries with EEC. During the 80s there was a growing feeling of the necessity to harmonize the activities of OECD and CMEA countries in the field of toxicological methodology and approaches to risk assessment of chemicals because of the growing production and mutual trade including transport of industrial and agricultural chemicals. As a contributory factor supporting this effort there was growing cross boundary air and river pollution in Europe. The former Council for Mutual Economic Assistance was an intergovernmental organization of 10 countries with a number of other countries and agencies cooperating with it in its work. CMEA as, and OECD still is concerned primarily with economic development but both had stated commitments to protecting human health and the environment. To help to mutual understanding and to promote harmonization of above mentioned obligations and commitments of the both organizations United Nation Environment Programme's International Registry of Potentially Toxic Chemicals and The International Programme on Chemical Safety (UNEP/IRPTC/IPCS) convened an International Consultation on Toxicometric Methodology held in Moscow in November 1985 and IPCS organized a Technical Review Meeting to compare CMEA and OECD Approaches to Toxicity Testing and Risk Assessment in Geneva, May 1987. A part of this effort was the publication of a Collection of Training Materials in Preventive Toxicology in the USSR within the UNEP/IRPTC project, Control of Hazards Posed by Chemicals to Human Health and the Environment (UNEP/IRPTC 1984)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1992}
month = {Jul}
}