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Factors and uncertainties in the profitability of using nuclear energy in desalination of water; Facteurs et incertitudes de la rentabilite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux

Abstract

One of the economic advantages of nuclear energy consists of the small proportional element in its cost structure. Economies of scale favour the nuclear station as compared with the conventional thermal one, and when the demand for electricity and heat, in particular for desalination, are sufficient, nuclear energy may, subject to certain conditions, prove advantageous. The object of this paper is to discuss the validity of the conclusions reached according to the hypotheses adopted. In the first part, the different kind of uncertainties connected with technical, economic and financial data (the various transmission coefficients, the life of equipment according to the choice of materials, changes in prices, the form of price functions and interest rates), and with the various constraints, are examined and discussed. In the second part the uncertainties connected with the method of optimisation used and the criterion of selection adopted are examined and discussed. It is shown thereby that it is usually extremely difficult to assume absolutely the competitiveness, or conversely the non-competitiveness, of using nuclear energy in the desalination of water, and that a large number of aspects have to be carefully examined. (author) [French] On sait que l'un des avantages economiques de l'energie nucleaire reside  More>>
Authors:
Thiriet, L; Lievre, P [1] 
  1. Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France). Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1969
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-R-3837
Resource Relation:
Conference: Colloquium on the nuclear desalination, Ce rapport a ete presente au colloque sur le dessalement nucleaire, Madrid (Spain), 18-22 Nov 1968; Other Information: PBD: 1969
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; COMPETITION; COST; DESALINATION PLANTS; DESALINATION REACTORS; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; INSTALLATION; OPTIMIZATION; SEAWATER
OSTI ID:
20552670
Research Organizations:
CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92 (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English; French
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR04R3837007927
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
34 pages
Announcement Date:
Feb 20, 2005

Citation Formats

Thiriet, L, and Lievre, P. Factors and uncertainties in the profitability of using nuclear energy in desalination of water; Facteurs et incertitudes de la rentabilite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux. France: N. p., 1969. Web.
Thiriet, L, & Lievre, P. Factors and uncertainties in the profitability of using nuclear energy in desalination of water; Facteurs et incertitudes de la rentabilite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux. France.
Thiriet, L, and Lievre, P. 1969. "Factors and uncertainties in the profitability of using nuclear energy in desalination of water; Facteurs et incertitudes de la rentabilite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux." France.
@misc{etde_20552670,
title = {Factors and uncertainties in the profitability of using nuclear energy in desalination of water; Facteurs et incertitudes de la rentabilite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux}
author = {Thiriet, L, and Lievre, P}
abstractNote = {One of the economic advantages of nuclear energy consists of the small proportional element in its cost structure. Economies of scale favour the nuclear station as compared with the conventional thermal one, and when the demand for electricity and heat, in particular for desalination, are sufficient, nuclear energy may, subject to certain conditions, prove advantageous. The object of this paper is to discuss the validity of the conclusions reached according to the hypotheses adopted. In the first part, the different kind of uncertainties connected with technical, economic and financial data (the various transmission coefficients, the life of equipment according to the choice of materials, changes in prices, the form of price functions and interest rates), and with the various constraints, are examined and discussed. In the second part the uncertainties connected with the method of optimisation used and the criterion of selection adopted are examined and discussed. It is shown thereby that it is usually extremely difficult to assume absolutely the competitiveness, or conversely the non-competitiveness, of using nuclear energy in the desalination of water, and that a large number of aspects have to be carefully examined. (author) [French] On sait que l'un des avantages economiques de l'energie nucleaire reside dans la faible part proportionnelle dans la structure de son cout. Les economies d'echelle favorisent le nucleaire par rapport au thermique classique, et lorsque les demandes d'electricite et de chaleur, notamment pour le dessalement, sont suffisantes on peut envisager favorablement, sous certaines hypotheses, le recours a l'energie nucleaire. L'objet de cette communication est de discuter la validite des conclusions auxquelles on parvient selon les hypotheses envisagees. Dans une premiere partie, on etudie et on discute les differentes sortes d'incertitudes, liees aux donnees techniques, economiques et financieres (les divers coefficients de transmission, les durees de vie des materiels, selon le choix des materiaux, l'evolution des prix, la forme des fonctions de prix et les taux d'interet) et aux contraintes. Dans une deuxieme partie, on etudie et on discute les incertitudes liees, a la methode d'optimisation utilisee et au critere de choix retenu. On montre ainsi qu'il est extremement difficile dans la plupart des cas de conclure sans nuances a la competitivite ou, a l'inverse, a la non competitivite du recours a l'energie nucleaire dans le dessalement des eaux et qu'un grand nombre d'aspects doivent etre soigneusement examines. (auteur)}
place = {France}
year = {1969}
month = {Jul}
}