You need JavaScript to view this

Activation analysis of hair as an indicator of contamination of man by environmental trace element pollutants

Abstract

The burning of fossil fuel, discharges from metallurgical and chemical plants, the wide use of chemicals, and other human activities, result in releasing into the biosphere large quantities of elements which are found in relatively low concentrations in the human organism. The pollution of the biosphere by such trace elements, and in particular heavy metals, has reached such proportions that on the scale of significance of the factors causing the 'stressed' state of the environment of heavy metals occupy the second place and, according to forecasts, may in the future move on to the first. In the problem of pollution of the biosphere, man himself undoubtedly occupies the central position as a target. The pollution of air, soil and water, the contamination of micro-organisms, plants and animals are certainly growing into a serious threat and leading to heavy losses. However, it would be a real disaster if man himself became contaminated to levels giving rise to large scale harmful somatic or genetic effects. It is therefore an urgent problem today to determine the initial levels of trace elements in man and the extent of his contamination in areas where these elements are expected to show anomalous concentrations. Attention should be  More>>
Authors:
Ryabukhin, Yu S [1] 
  1. ed.
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1976
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
IAEA-RL-50
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 17 figs, 16 tabs; PBD: Oct 1976
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS; BIOLOGICAL MARKERS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BIOSPHERE; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ECOLOGICAL CONCENTRATION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; FOSSIL FUELS; HAIR; METALLURGY; POLLUTANTS; WASTE DISPOSAL
OSTI ID:
20493898
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Agency's Laboratories, Analytical Quality Control Services, Seibersdorf (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0402427066075
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form; Also available on-line: http://www.iaea.org/programmes/aqcs/pdf/a_rl_050.pdf
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
135 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Ryabukhin, Yu S. Activation analysis of hair as an indicator of contamination of man by environmental trace element pollutants. IAEA: N. p., 1976. Web.
Ryabukhin, Yu S. Activation analysis of hair as an indicator of contamination of man by environmental trace element pollutants. IAEA.
Ryabukhin, Yu S. 1976. "Activation analysis of hair as an indicator of contamination of man by environmental trace element pollutants." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20493898,
title = {Activation analysis of hair as an indicator of contamination of man by environmental trace element pollutants}
author = {Ryabukhin, Yu S}
abstractNote = {The burning of fossil fuel, discharges from metallurgical and chemical plants, the wide use of chemicals, and other human activities, result in releasing into the biosphere large quantities of elements which are found in relatively low concentrations in the human organism. The pollution of the biosphere by such trace elements, and in particular heavy metals, has reached such proportions that on the scale of significance of the factors causing the 'stressed' state of the environment of heavy metals occupy the second place and, according to forecasts, may in the future move on to the first. In the problem of pollution of the biosphere, man himself undoubtedly occupies the central position as a target. The pollution of air, soil and water, the contamination of micro-organisms, plants and animals are certainly growing into a serious threat and leading to heavy losses. However, it would be a real disaster if man himself became contaminated to levels giving rise to large scale harmful somatic or genetic effects. It is therefore an urgent problem today to determine the initial levels of trace elements in man and the extent of his contamination in areas where these elements are expected to show anomalous concentrations. Attention should be paid in the first place to those trace elements which probably play no physiological role, are particularly abundant in the environment, and have high toxicity (arsenic, mercury, lead, cadmium, etc.). Moreover, it should be born in mind that in anomalously high concentrations even the physiologically necessary trace elements (copper, zinc, manganese, fluorine, etc.) cause harmful effects. This paper justifies the use of hair samples as a biological indicator of environmental pollutants from physiological and morphological aspect and recommends on sample preparation and analysis methods.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1976}
month = {Oct}
}