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Evolution of the CANDU control centre retrofit and new stations

Abstract

Significant event data from operating nuclear plants in many countries consistently indicates human errors are the root cause for 40-60% of operating station significant events. Because so much information is already in digital form, opportunities exist to improve the CANDU control centre with retrofits that exploit this information. These opportunities are enhanced because of rapid technological development in computers and electronics, coupled with significant progress in the behavioural sciences that greatly increases our knowledge of the cognitive strengths and weaknesses of human beings. CANDU control rooms are undergoing retrofits and for future CANDU stations, a new concept of the control centre is emerging. The objective is to significantly reduce the incidence of human error, reduce operations and maintenance costs and improve both reliability and safety.
Authors:
Olmstead, R A; [1]  Mitchell, W [2] 
  1. AECL-CANDU, ON (Canada)
  2. Ontario Hydro, Darlington Nuclear Generating Station, Bowmanville, ON (Canada)
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1991
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-XA-N-171
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. PHWR operating safety experience meeting, Embalse, Cordoba (Argentina), 3-5 Apr 1991; Other Information: 4 refs, figs; PBD: Apr 1991; Related Information: In: Proceedings of 2nd PHWR operating safety experience meeting, 810 pages.
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; CANDU TYPE REACTORS; COMPUTERIZED CONTROL SYSTEMS; CONTROL ROOMS; FAILURES; HUMAN FACTORS; REACTOR CONTROL SYSTEMS; REACTOR SAFETY; RELIABILITY
OSTI ID:
20483013
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria); Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CANDU Owners Group, North York, ON (Canada)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA04N1304055684
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
22 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Olmstead, R A, and Mitchell, W. Evolution of the CANDU control centre retrofit and new stations. IAEA: N. p., 1991. Web.
Olmstead, R A, & Mitchell, W. Evolution of the CANDU control centre retrofit and new stations. IAEA.
Olmstead, R A, and Mitchell, W. 1991. "Evolution of the CANDU control centre retrofit and new stations." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20483013,
title = {Evolution of the CANDU control centre retrofit and new stations}
author = {Olmstead, R A, and Mitchell, W}
abstractNote = {Significant event data from operating nuclear plants in many countries consistently indicates human errors are the root cause for 40-60% of operating station significant events. Because so much information is already in digital form, opportunities exist to improve the CANDU control centre with retrofits that exploit this information. These opportunities are enhanced because of rapid technological development in computers and electronics, coupled with significant progress in the behavioural sciences that greatly increases our knowledge of the cognitive strengths and weaknesses of human beings. CANDU control rooms are undergoing retrofits and for future CANDU stations, a new concept of the control centre is emerging. The objective is to significantly reduce the incidence of human error, reduce operations and maintenance costs and improve both reliability and safety.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1991}
month = {Apr}
}