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Study of the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery of Cuzco, Peru by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis

Technical Report:

Abstract

A very important period of the Andean prehistory known as the Middle Horizon (A.D. 540-900) is associated with the widespread expansion of the Wari state from the region of Ayacucho. During this time, the Wari occupied much of Cuzco, building the large architectural complex of o Pikillacta and a large settlement located in Huaro Valley (southeast of Pikillacta), including the elite cemetery of Batan Urqu and a complex of domestic structures referred to as Ccotocotuyoc. The objective of the present research was to establish, in general terms, the provenience of certain pottery styles dating to the Middle Horizon which are known to the Southern Highlands, Cuzco region. The specific goal was to determine which of these ceramic styles were made in other regions and brought to Cuzco and which were imitations locally manufactured, and to compare their patterns of production and distribution with those of local ceramic styles. These data, in turn, being helpful for understanding some aspects of the social, economic and political dynamics of the Middle Horizon period at Cuzco. To reach the aforementioned objective, a set of 306 ceramic samples (taken from a population of more than 137000 specimens) were chemically analyzed by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron  More>>
Authors:
Montoya, E; [1]  Glowacki, M; [2]  Zapata, J; [3]  Mendoza, P [1] 
  1. Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Lima (Peru). Departamento de Quimica
  2. Smithsonian Institution, MA (United States)
  3. Universidad Nacional San Antonio Abad, Cuzco (Peru)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2002
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
INIS-PE-039
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 2002; Related Information: In: 1998-2001 Scientific Technological Report, Informe Cientifico Tecnologico 1998-2001, by Gayoso C, C.; Ezpinoza Z, M.; Prado C, A.; Robles N, A. (eds.), 512 pages.
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES; ARCHAEOLOGICAL SPECIMENS; ARCHAEOLOGY; CERAMICS; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CULTURAL OBJECTS; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS; PERU; QUALITY CONTROL; STANDARDIZATION
OSTI ID:
20405299
Research Organizations:
Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear (IPEN), Lima (Peru)
Country of Origin:
Peru
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1684-1662; TRN: PE0300022079946
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form; Also available from the Library of the Peruvian Institute of Nuclear Energy in electronic format (pdf)
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 51-56
Announcement Date:
Dec 15, 2003

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P. Study of the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery of Cuzco, Peru by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis. Peru: N. p., 2002. Web.
Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, & Mendoza, P. Study of the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery of Cuzco, Peru by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis. Peru.
Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P. 2002. "Study of the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery of Cuzco, Peru by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis." Peru.
@misc{etde_20405299,
title = {Study of the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery of Cuzco, Peru by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis}
author = {Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P}
abstractNote = {A very important period of the Andean prehistory known as the Middle Horizon (A.D. 540-900) is associated with the widespread expansion of the Wari state from the region of Ayacucho. During this time, the Wari occupied much of Cuzco, building the large architectural complex of o Pikillacta and a large settlement located in Huaro Valley (southeast of Pikillacta), including the elite cemetery of Batan Urqu and a complex of domestic structures referred to as Ccotocotuyoc. The objective of the present research was to establish, in general terms, the provenience of certain pottery styles dating to the Middle Horizon which are known to the Southern Highlands, Cuzco region. The specific goal was to determine which of these ceramic styles were made in other regions and brought to Cuzco and which were imitations locally manufactured, and to compare their patterns of production and distribution with those of local ceramic styles. These data, in turn, being helpful for understanding some aspects of the social, economic and political dynamics of the Middle Horizon period at Cuzco. To reach the aforementioned objective, a set of 306 ceramic samples (taken from a population of more than 137000 specimens) were chemically analyzed by k{sub 0}-based instrumental neutron activation analysis and the results processed by multivariate statistical methods. Special care was taken in our research to maintain quality control of the analytical results, which were produced in duplicate for every sample, and for repeated analysis of the NIST SRM 2704 (Buffalo River Sediment) and other reference materials as e.g. the well known Old Ohio Red Clay. All of the work was performed within the framework of the IAEA Regional Coordinated Research Program on Nuclear Analytical Techniques In Archaeological Investigations, under the terms of contract PER 9398/R1.}
place = {Peru}
year = {2002}
month = {Jul}
}