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Chemical characterization of archaeological ceramics using k{sub 0} based INAA: A study in the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery from Cuzco, Peru

Miscellaneous:

Abstract

The objective of this research was to establish, in general terms, the provenance of certain pottery styles that are found in the Peruvian southern highlands, in the Cuzco region. Previous work allowed identification of ceramic influences from outside Cuzco, namely from the Peruvian central highlands, the heartland of the Wari culture, and from the high plateau region of Bolivia and Peru (the Altiplano), the centre of Tiwanaku society. One of the goals was to determine which of these ceramic styles were made in other regions and brought to Cuzco, and which of them were locally manufactured imitations. In addition, an attempt was made to compare their patterns of production and distribution with those of local ceramic styles. These data, in turn, were found helpful in understanding some aspects of the social, economic and political dynamics of the Middle Horizon period at Cuzco. To realize this objective, a set of about 350 ceramic samples was chemically analysed using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and the results processed by multivariate statistical methods. From the pioneering works of Sayre, INAA has become a major tool in multielement compositional characterization of archaeological ceramics. One of the best ways to carry out INAA is the  More>>
Authors:
Montoya, E; Glowacki, M; Zapata, J; Mendoza, P [1] 
  1. Departamento de Quimica, Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear, Lima (Peru)
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 2003
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
STI/DOC-010/416
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 13 refs, 9 figs, 6 tabs; PBD: Aug 2003; Related Information: In: Nuclear analytical techniques in archaeological investigations, Technical reports seriesno. 416, 192 pages.
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES; ARCHAEOLOGICAL SPECIMENS; CERAMICS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CLAYS; CULTURAL OBJECTS; NEUTRON ACTIVATION ANALYSIS; QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS
OSTI ID:
20386492
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 92-0-106203-6; ISSN 0074-1914; TRN: XA0302343066420
Availability:
Also available on-line: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/TRS416_web.pdf; For availability on CD-ROM, please contact IAEA, Sales and Promotion Unit: E-mail: sales.publications@iaea.org; Web site: http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/publications.asp;INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 163-183
Announcement Date:
Oct 13, 2003

Miscellaneous:

Citation Formats

Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P. Chemical characterization of archaeological ceramics using k{sub 0} based INAA: A study in the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery from Cuzco, Peru. IAEA: N. p., 2003. Web.
Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, & Mendoza, P. Chemical characterization of archaeological ceramics using k{sub 0} based INAA: A study in the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery from Cuzco, Peru. IAEA.
Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P. 2003. "Chemical characterization of archaeological ceramics using k{sub 0} based INAA: A study in the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery from Cuzco, Peru." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20386492,
title = {Chemical characterization of archaeological ceramics using k{sub 0} based INAA: A study in the production and distribution of middle horizon pottery from Cuzco, Peru}
author = {Montoya, E, Glowacki, M, Zapata, J, and Mendoza, P}
abstractNote = {The objective of this research was to establish, in general terms, the provenance of certain pottery styles that are found in the Peruvian southern highlands, in the Cuzco region. Previous work allowed identification of ceramic influences from outside Cuzco, namely from the Peruvian central highlands, the heartland of the Wari culture, and from the high plateau region of Bolivia and Peru (the Altiplano), the centre of Tiwanaku society. One of the goals was to determine which of these ceramic styles were made in other regions and brought to Cuzco, and which of them were locally manufactured imitations. In addition, an attempt was made to compare their patterns of production and distribution with those of local ceramic styles. These data, in turn, were found helpful in understanding some aspects of the social, economic and political dynamics of the Middle Horizon period at Cuzco. To realize this objective, a set of about 350 ceramic samples was chemically analysed using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and the results processed by multivariate statistical methods. From the pioneering works of Sayre, INAA has become a major tool in multielement compositional characterization of archaeological ceramics. One of the best ways to carry out INAA is the k{sub 0} standardization method, first developed by De Corte et al. [De Corte, F., Habil. Thesis, University of Gent (1987), De Corte, F., et al., J. Radioanal. Chem. 62 (1981) 209 pp.]. It was very effective in accurate multielement analysis of large numbers of samples and has been employed in the Instituto Peruano de Energia Nuclear (IPEN) laboratory since 1993. Special care was taken in our research to maintain quality control of the analytical results, which were produced in duplicate for every sample, and for repeated analysis of NIST SRM-2704 (Buffalo River Sediment) and other reference materials such as the well known Old Ohio Red Clay. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2003}
month = {Aug}
}