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Characterization of Hospital Residuals; Caracterizacion de Residuos Hospitalarios

Thesis/Dissertation:

Abstract

The main objective of this investigation is the characterization of the solid residuals. A description of the handling of the liquid and gassy waste generated in hospitals is also given, identifying the source where they originate. To achieve the proposed objective the work was divided in three stages: The first one was the planning and the coordination with each hospital center, in this way, to determine the schedule of gathering of the waste can be possible. In the second stage a fieldwork was made; it consisted in gathering the quantitative and qualitative information of the general state of the handling of residuals. In the third and last stage, the information previously obtained was organized to express the results as the production rate per day by bed, generation of solid residuals for sampled services, type of solid residuals and density of the same ones. With the obtained results, approaches are settled down to either determine design parameters for final disposition whether for incineration, trituration, sanitary filler or recycling of some materials, and storage politics of the solid residuals that allow to determine the gathering frequency. The study concludes that it is necessary to improve the conditions of the residuals handling in  More>>
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1997
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (Lic.); Tabs., refs., ills; PBD: 1997
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; BIOLOGICAL WASTES; CONTAMINATION; ENVIRONMENT; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; HOSPITALS; LIQUID WASTES; MANAGEMENT; POLLUTANTS; RESIDUES; SOLID WASTES; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTES
OSTI ID:
20292449
Research Organizations:
Universidad de Costa Rica (Costa Rica)
Country of Origin:
Costa Rica
Language:
Spanish
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: CR0200018053365
Availability:
Available from Biblioteca Luis Demetrio Tinoco, Universidad de Costa Rica
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
116 pages
Announcement Date:

Thesis/Dissertation:

Citation Formats

Blanco Meza, A, and Bonilla Jimenez, S. Characterization of Hospital Residuals; Caracterizacion de Residuos Hospitalarios. Costa Rica: N. p., 1997. Web.
Blanco Meza, A, & Bonilla Jimenez, S. Characterization of Hospital Residuals; Caracterizacion de Residuos Hospitalarios. Costa Rica.
Blanco Meza, A, and Bonilla Jimenez, S. 1997. "Characterization of Hospital Residuals; Caracterizacion de Residuos Hospitalarios." Costa Rica.
@misc{etde_20292449,
title = {Characterization of Hospital Residuals; Caracterizacion de Residuos Hospitalarios}
author = {Blanco Meza, A, and Bonilla Jimenez, S}
abstractNote = {The main objective of this investigation is the characterization of the solid residuals. A description of the handling of the liquid and gassy waste generated in hospitals is also given, identifying the source where they originate. To achieve the proposed objective the work was divided in three stages: The first one was the planning and the coordination with each hospital center, in this way, to determine the schedule of gathering of the waste can be possible. In the second stage a fieldwork was made; it consisted in gathering the quantitative and qualitative information of the general state of the handling of residuals. In the third and last stage, the information previously obtained was organized to express the results as the production rate per day by bed, generation of solid residuals for sampled services, type of solid residuals and density of the same ones. With the obtained results, approaches are settled down to either determine design parameters for final disposition whether for incineration, trituration, sanitary filler or recycling of some materials, and storage politics of the solid residuals that allow to determine the gathering frequency. The study concludes that it is necessary to improve the conditions of the residuals handling in some aspects, to provide the cleaning personnel of the equipment for gathering disposition and of security, minimum to carry out this work efficiently, and to maintain a control of all the dangerous waste, like sharp or polluted materials. In this way, an appreciable reduction is guaranteed in the impact on the atmosphere. (Author) [Spanish] El objetivo principal de esta investigacion es la caracterizacion de los residuos solidos. Se da tambien una descripcion del manejo de los desechos liquidos y gaseosos generados en hospitales, identificando la fuente donde se originan. Para lograr el objetivo propuesto se dividio el trabajo en tres etapas; la primera fue el planeamiento y la coordinacion con cada centro hospitalario, para asi poder determinar el horario de recoleccion de los desechos. En la segunda etapa se hizo un trabajo de campo que consistio en el levantamiento de la informacion cuantitativa y cualitativa del estado general del manejo de residuos. En la tercera y ultima etapa se organizo la informacion obtenida anteriormente para expresar los resultados como la tasa de produccion por dia por cama, generacion de residuos solidos por servicios muestreados, tipo de residuos solidos y densidad de los mismos. Con los resultados obtenidos se establecen criterios para determinar parametros de diseno para disposicion final ya sea por incineracion, trituracion, relleno sanitario o reciclaje de algunos materiales y politicas de almacenamiento de los residuos solidos que permitan determinar la frecuencia de recoleccion. Del estudio se concluye que es necesario mejorar las condiciones de manejo de los residuos en algunos aspectos, proveer al personal de aseo del equipo de recoleccion disposicion y de seguridad minimo para realizar este trabajo en forma eficiente y mantener un control de todos aquellos desechos peligrosos, entre ellos punzocortantes o contaminados, para que de esta manera se garantice una reduccion apreciable en el impacto que se ejerce sobre el ambiente. (Author)}
place = {Costa Rica}
year = {1997}
month = {Jul}
}