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The choice of equipment mix and parameters for HTGR-based nuclear cogeneration plants

Abstract

Improvement of heat and electricity supply systems based on cogeneration is one of the high-priority problems in energy development of the USSR. Fossil fuel consumption for heat supply exceeds now its use for electricity production and amounts to about 30% of the total demands. District heating provides about 80 million t.c.e. of energy resources conserved annually and meets about 50% of heat consumption of the country, including about 30% due to cogeneration. The share of natural gas and liquid fuel in the fuel consumption for district heating is about 70%. The analysis of heat consumption dynamics in individual regions and industrial-urban agglomerations shows the necessity of constructing cogeneration plants with the total capacity of about 60 million kW till the year 2000. However, their construction causes some serious problems. The most important of them are provision of environmentally clean fuels for cogeneration plants and provision of clear air. The limited reserves of oil and natural gas and the growing expenditures on their production require more intensive introduction of nuclear energy in the national energy balance. Possible use of nuclear energy based on light-water reactors for substitution of deficient hydrocarbon fuels is limited by the physical, technical and economic factors and  More>>
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1990
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-TC-389.26
Reference Number:
EDB-01:067985
Resource Relation:
Conference: Technical committee meeting on gas-cooled reactor technology safety and siting, Dimitrovgrad (Russian Federation), 21-23 Jun 1989; Other Information: 3 refs, 6 figs, 3 tabs; PBD: 1990; Related Information: In: Gas-cooled reactor technology safety and siting. Report of a technical committee meeting. Working material, 724 pages.
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY; COGENERATION; DUAL-PURPOSE POWER PLANTS; ECONOMICS; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; HTGR TYPE REACTORS; REACTOR SAFETY; STEAM TURBINES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0400-1000 K
OSTI ID:
20179986
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0101489036105
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 252-270
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Malevski, A L, Stoliarevski, A Ya, Vladimirov, V T, Larin, E A, Lesnykh, V V, Naumov, Yu V, and Fedotov, I L. The choice of equipment mix and parameters for HTGR-based nuclear cogeneration plants. IAEA: N. p., 1990. Web.
Malevski, A L, Stoliarevski, A Ya, Vladimirov, V T, Larin, E A, Lesnykh, V V, Naumov, Yu V, & Fedotov, I L. The choice of equipment mix and parameters for HTGR-based nuclear cogeneration plants. IAEA.
Malevski, A L, Stoliarevski, A Ya, Vladimirov, V T, Larin, E A, Lesnykh, V V, Naumov, Yu V, and Fedotov, I L. 1990. "The choice of equipment mix and parameters for HTGR-based nuclear cogeneration plants." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20179986,
title = {The choice of equipment mix and parameters for HTGR-based nuclear cogeneration plants}
author = {Malevski, A L, Stoliarevski, A Ya, Vladimirov, V T, Larin, E A, Lesnykh, V V, Naumov, Yu V, and Fedotov, I L}
abstractNote = {Improvement of heat and electricity supply systems based on cogeneration is one of the high-priority problems in energy development of the USSR. Fossil fuel consumption for heat supply exceeds now its use for electricity production and amounts to about 30% of the total demands. District heating provides about 80 million t.c.e. of energy resources conserved annually and meets about 50% of heat consumption of the country, including about 30% due to cogeneration. The share of natural gas and liquid fuel in the fuel consumption for district heating is about 70%. The analysis of heat consumption dynamics in individual regions and industrial-urban agglomerations shows the necessity of constructing cogeneration plants with the total capacity of about 60 million kW till the year 2000. However, their construction causes some serious problems. The most important of them are provision of environmentally clean fuels for cogeneration plants and provision of clear air. The limited reserves of oil and natural gas and the growing expenditures on their production require more intensive introduction of nuclear energy in the national energy balance. Possible use of nuclear energy based on light-water reactors for substitution of deficient hydrocarbon fuels is limited by the physical, technical and economic factors and requirements of safety. Further development of nuclear energy in the USSR can be realized on a new technological base with construction of domestic reactors of increased and ultimate safety. The most promising reactors under design are high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR) of low and medium capacity with the intrinsic property of safety. HTGR of low (about 200-250 MW(th) in a steel vessel), medium (about 500 MW(th) in a steel-concrete vessel) and high (about 1000-2500 MW(th) in a prestressed concrete vessel) are now designed and studied in the country. At outlet helium temperature of 920-1020 K it is possible to create steam turbine installations producing both electricity and steam and hot water. If the helium temperature at the core outlet reaches 1120-1220 K, it will be possible to create a single-loop HTGR-based gas-turbine installation using waste heat for heat supply. The economic feasibility of creating industrial and heating plants with HTGR, rational fields of their application in cogeneration systems can be determined after complex optimization analysis of schemes and their main parameters considering the whole complex of really influencing factors in their operation.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1990}
month = {Jul}
}