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Development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies - bases of long-term provision of fuel and environmental safety of nuclear power

Abstract

To-day nuclear power is one of the options, however, to-morrow it may become the main source of the energy, thus, providing for the stable economic development for the long time to come. The availability of the large-scale nuclear power in the foreseeable future is governed by not only the safe operation of nuclear power plants (NPP) but also by the environmentally safe management of spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste conditioning and long-term storage. More emphasis is to be placed to the closing of the fuel cycle in view of substantial quantities of spent nuclear fuel arisings. The once-through fuel cycle that is cost effective at the moment cannot be considered to be environmentally safe even for the middle term since the substantial build-up of spent nuclear fuel containing thousands of tons Pu will require the resolution of the safe management problem in the nearest future and is absolutely unjustified in terms of moral ethics as a transfer of the responsibility to future generations. The minimization of radioactive waste arisings and its radioactivity is only feasible with the closed fuel cycle put into practice and some actinides and long-lived fission radionuclides burnt out. The key issues in providing the environmentally safe  More>>
Authors:
Solonin, M I; Polyakov, A S; Zakharkin, B S; Smelov, V S; Nenarokomov, E A; Mukhin, I V [1] 
  1. SSC, RF, A.A. Bochvar ALL-Russia Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2000
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-FR-300
Reference Number:
EDB-01:064661
Resource Relation:
Conference: International conference Scientific research on the back-end of the fuel cycle for the 21. century. Atalante 2000, Avignon (France), 24-26 Oct 2000; Other Information: 4 refs; PBD: 2000; Related Information: In: Scientific research on the back-end of the fuel cycle for the 21. century, Les recherches scientifiques sur l'aval du cycle pour le 21. siecle, [575] pages.
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; FUEL CYCLE; LWGR TYPE REACTORS; NUCLEAR FUELS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; REPROCESSING; RUSSIAN FEDERATION; WWER TYPE REACTORS
OSTI ID:
20176354
Research Organizations:
CEA/VALRHO - site de Marcoule, Dept. de Recherche en Retraitement et en Vitrification (DRRV), 30 - Marcoule (France)
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: FR0104323033989
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
page(s) 1-3
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Solonin, M I, Polyakov, A S, Zakharkin, B S, Smelov, V S, Nenarokomov, E A, and Mukhin, I V. Development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies - bases of long-term provision of fuel and environmental safety of nuclear power. France: N. p., 2000. Web.
Solonin, M I, Polyakov, A S, Zakharkin, B S, Smelov, V S, Nenarokomov, E A, & Mukhin, I V. Development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies - bases of long-term provision of fuel and environmental safety of nuclear power. France.
Solonin, M I, Polyakov, A S, Zakharkin, B S, Smelov, V S, Nenarokomov, E A, and Mukhin, I V. 2000. "Development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies - bases of long-term provision of fuel and environmental safety of nuclear power." France.
@misc{etde_20176354,
title = {Development of nuclear fuel cycle technologies - bases of long-term provision of fuel and environmental safety of nuclear power}
author = {Solonin, M I, Polyakov, A S, Zakharkin, B S, Smelov, V S, Nenarokomov, E A, and Mukhin, I V}
abstractNote = {To-day nuclear power is one of the options, however, to-morrow it may become the main source of the energy, thus, providing for the stable economic development for the long time to come. The availability of the large-scale nuclear power in the foreseeable future is governed by not only the safe operation of nuclear power plants (NPP) but also by the environmentally safe management of spent nuclear fuel, radioactive waste conditioning and long-term storage. More emphasis is to be placed to the closing of the fuel cycle in view of substantial quantities of spent nuclear fuel arisings. The once-through fuel cycle that is cost effective at the moment cannot be considered to be environmentally safe even for the middle term since the substantial build-up of spent nuclear fuel containing thousands of tons Pu will require the resolution of the safe management problem in the nearest future and is absolutely unjustified in terms of moral ethics as a transfer of the responsibility to future generations. The minimization of radioactive waste arisings and its radioactivity is only feasible with the closed fuel cycle put into practice and some actinides and long-lived fission radionuclides burnt out. The key issues in providing the environmentally safe fuel cycle are efficient processes of producing fuel for NPP, radionuclide after-burning included, a long-term spent nuclear fuel storage and reprocessing as well as radioactive waste management. The paper deals with the problems inherent in producing fuel for NPP with a view for the closed fuel cycle. Also discussed are options of the fuel cycle, its effectiveness and environmental safety with improvements in technologies of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing and long-lived radionuclide partitioning. (authors)}
place = {France}
year = {2000}
month = {Jul}
}