The efficiencies of a great number of techniques for decontamination or dose reduction in contaminated areas have been investigated by several teams of E.C. and CIS scientists (ECP4 project). Modelling, laboratory and field experiments, t and return from experience allowed to assess radiological efficiencies (e.g. 'decontamination factor') and requirements for the operation of numerous practical solutions. Then, those data were supplemented with data on cost and waste generation in order to elaborate all the information for the optimization of decontamination strategies. Results will be presented for about 70 techniques. However, a technique cannot be compared to another from a generic point of view. Rather it is designed for a specific target and the best technology depends on the objectives. It has been decided to implement decision analyses on case studies, and the local conditions and objectives have been investigated. Individual doses ranged from 1 to 5 mSv, with contrasted contributions of internal and external doses. The desire to restore a normal activity in a partially depopulated settlement, and concerns about the recent increase in internal doses were typical incentives for action. The decision aiding analysis illustrated that actions can be usually recommended. Results are outlined here.
Hubert, P;  Ramzaev, V;  Antsypov, G;  Sobotovich, E;  Anisimova, L 
- Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, Fontenay-aux-Roses cedex (France)
- Branch of Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Novozybkov, Bryansk region (Russian Federation)
- Chernnobyl State Committee of the Republic of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)
- Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore formation, Kiev (Ukraine)
- EMERCOM, Moscow (Russian Federation)