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Local strategies for decontamination

Abstract

The efficiencies of a great number of techniques for decontamination or dose reduction in contaminated areas have been investigated by several teams of E.C. and CIS scientists (ECP4 project). Modelling, laboratory and field experiments, t and return from experience allowed to assess radiological efficiencies (e.g. 'decontamination factor') and requirements for the operation of numerous practical solutions. Then, those data were supplemented with data on cost and waste generation in order to elaborate all the information for the optimization of decontamination strategies. Results will be presented for about 70 techniques. However, a technique cannot be compared to another from a generic point of view. Rather it is designed for a specific target and the best technology depends on the objectives. It has been decided to implement decision analyses on case studies, and the local conditions and objectives have been investigated. Individual doses ranged from 1 to 5 mSv, with contrasted contributions of internal and external doses. The desire to restore a normal activity in a partially depopulated settlement, and concerns about the recent increase in internal doses were typical incentives for action. The decision aiding analysis illustrated that actions can be usually recommended. Results are outlined here.
Authors:
Hubert, P; [1]  Ramzaev, V; [2]  Antsypov, G; [3]  Sobotovich, E; [4]  Anisimova, L [5] 
  1. Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire, Fontenay-aux-Roses cedex (France)
  2. Branch of Institute of Radiation Hygiene, Novozybkov, Bryansk region (Russian Federation)
  3. Chernnobyl State Committee of the Republic of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)
  4. Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore formation, Kiev (Ukraine)
  5. EMERCOM, Moscow (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1996
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-BY-020
Reference Number:
EDB-01:001489
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1. international conference on 'The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident', Minsk (Belarus), 18-22 Mar 1996; Other Information: 6 tabs., 2 figs., 23 refs; PBD: 1996; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the first international conference 'The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident', by Karaoglou, A.; Desmet, G.; Kelly, G.N.; Menzel, H.G. [European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)], 1192 pages.
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BIOLOGICAL PATHWAYS; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; CONTAMINATION; DECONTAMINATION; EXTERNAL IRRADIATION; INTERNAL IRRADIATION; RADIATION DOSES
Sponsoring Organizations:
European Commission (EC)
OSTI ID:
20112759
Research Organizations:
European Commission, Brussels (Belgium); Ministry for Emergency, Minsk (Belarus); Ministry for Emergency, Kiev (Ukraine); Ministry for Emergency, Mocsow (Russian Federation)
Country of Origin:
Belarus
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1018-5593; TRN: BY0000243056872
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 411-424
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Hubert, P, Ramzaev, V, Antsypov, G, Sobotovich, E, and Anisimova, L. Local strategies for decontamination. Belarus: N. p., 1996. Web.
Hubert, P, Ramzaev, V, Antsypov, G, Sobotovich, E, & Anisimova, L. Local strategies for decontamination. Belarus.
Hubert, P, Ramzaev, V, Antsypov, G, Sobotovich, E, and Anisimova, L. 1996. "Local strategies for decontamination." Belarus.
@misc{etde_20112759,
title = {Local strategies for decontamination}
author = {Hubert, P, Ramzaev, V, Antsypov, G, Sobotovich, E, and Anisimova, L}
abstractNote = {The efficiencies of a great number of techniques for decontamination or dose reduction in contaminated areas have been investigated by several teams of E.C. and CIS scientists (ECP4 project). Modelling, laboratory and field experiments, t and return from experience allowed to assess radiological efficiencies (e.g. 'decontamination factor') and requirements for the operation of numerous practical solutions. Then, those data were supplemented with data on cost and waste generation in order to elaborate all the information for the optimization of decontamination strategies. Results will be presented for about 70 techniques. However, a technique cannot be compared to another from a generic point of view. Rather it is designed for a specific target and the best technology depends on the objectives. It has been decided to implement decision analyses on case studies, and the local conditions and objectives have been investigated. Individual doses ranged from 1 to 5 mSv, with contrasted contributions of internal and external doses. The desire to restore a normal activity in a partially depopulated settlement, and concerns about the recent increase in internal doses were typical incentives for action. The decision aiding analysis illustrated that actions can be usually recommended. Results are outlined here.}
place = {Belarus}
year = {1996}
month = {Jul}
}