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Assessing internal exposures and the efficacy of countermeasures from whole body measurements

Abstract

Traditional procedures for modelling the ingestion dose pathway combine environmental transfer models with human metabolic models in order to assess the doses received. In general, these models have been developed for specific ecological and socio-economic circumstances, rather than for globally-averaged conditions. Experiences which occurred following the Chernobyl accident have demonstrated that in the event of a large scale radiation accident it will be virtually impossible to monitor adequately all the radiologically significant components of human diet which may have become contaminated with radionuclides. This paper describes an internal dosimetry model based on the most widely available measurements following an accident: radiocesium measurements in soil and milk, and whole body measurements in humans. One application of the model to estimate ingestion doses received by inhabitants of the northern region of the Rovno Region in Ukraine is also described. In addition, this model enables the effectiveness of food Countermeasures to be estimated. This study formed part of Joint Study Programme 5 (JSP5) on pathway analysis and dose distributions and was jointly funded by the European Commission (EC) and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
Authors:
Likhtarev, I; Kovgan, L; Gluvchinsky, R; Perevoznikov, O; [1]  Morrey, M; Prosser, S L; [2]  Jacob, P; Prohl, G; [3]  Kenigsberg, Y; Skryabin, A M; [4]  Colgen, P A [5] 
  1. The Research Centre for Radiation Medicine, Kiev (Ukraine)
  2. National Radiological Protection Board, Chilton (United Kingdom)
  3. GSF, Insitut fur Strahlenschultz, Neuherberg (Germany)
  4. Institute for Radiation Hygiene, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
  5. CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1996
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
INIS-BY-020
Reference Number:
EDB-01:001477
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1. international conference on 'The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident', Minsk (Belarus), 18-22 Mar 1996; Other Information: 4 tabs., 2 figs., 5 refs; PBD: 1996; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the first international conference 'The radiological consequences of the Chernobyl accident', by Karaoglou, A.; Desmet, G.; Kelly, G.N.; Menzel, H.G. [European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)], 1192 pages.
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BODY; CHERNOBYLSK-4 REACTOR; CONTAMINATION; INTERNAL IRRADIATION; RADIATION DOSES; RADIONUCLIDE KINETICS
Sponsoring Organizations:
European Commission (EC)
OSTI ID:
20112747
Research Organizations:
European Commission, Brussels (Belgium); Ministry for Emergency, Minsk (Belarus); Ministry for Emergency, Kiev (Ukraine); Ministry for Emergency, Mocsow (Russian Federation)
Country of Origin:
Belarus
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1018-5593; TRN: BY0000231056860
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 295-308
Announcement Date:
Jan 15, 2001

Citation Formats

Likhtarev, I, Kovgan, L, Gluvchinsky, R, Perevoznikov, O, Morrey, M, Prosser, S L, Jacob, P, Prohl, G, Kenigsberg, Y, Skryabin, A M, and Colgen, P A. Assessing internal exposures and the efficacy of countermeasures from whole body measurements. Belarus: N. p., 1996. Web.
Likhtarev, I, Kovgan, L, Gluvchinsky, R, Perevoznikov, O, Morrey, M, Prosser, S L, Jacob, P, Prohl, G, Kenigsberg, Y, Skryabin, A M, & Colgen, P A. Assessing internal exposures and the efficacy of countermeasures from whole body measurements. Belarus.
Likhtarev, I, Kovgan, L, Gluvchinsky, R, Perevoznikov, O, Morrey, M, Prosser, S L, Jacob, P, Prohl, G, Kenigsberg, Y, Skryabin, A M, and Colgen, P A. 1996. "Assessing internal exposures and the efficacy of countermeasures from whole body measurements." Belarus.
@misc{etde_20112747,
title = {Assessing internal exposures and the efficacy of countermeasures from whole body measurements}
author = {Likhtarev, I, Kovgan, L, Gluvchinsky, R, Perevoznikov, O, Morrey, M, Prosser, S L, Jacob, P, Prohl, G, Kenigsberg, Y, Skryabin, A M, and Colgen, P A}
abstractNote = {Traditional procedures for modelling the ingestion dose pathway combine environmental transfer models with human metabolic models in order to assess the doses received. In general, these models have been developed for specific ecological and socio-economic circumstances, rather than for globally-averaged conditions. Experiences which occurred following the Chernobyl accident have demonstrated that in the event of a large scale radiation accident it will be virtually impossible to monitor adequately all the radiologically significant components of human diet which may have become contaminated with radionuclides. This paper describes an internal dosimetry model based on the most widely available measurements following an accident: radiocesium measurements in soil and milk, and whole body measurements in humans. One application of the model to estimate ingestion doses received by inhabitants of the northern region of the Rovno Region in Ukraine is also described. In addition, this model enables the effectiveness of food Countermeasures to be estimated. This study formed part of Joint Study Programme 5 (JSP5) on pathway analysis and dose distributions and was jointly funded by the European Commission (EC) and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)}
place = {Belarus}
year = {1996}
month = {Jul}
}