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Improved spacers for high temperature gas-cooled heat exchangers

Abstract

Experimental and analytical investigations in the field of heat exchanger thermohydraulics have been performed at EIR for many years, Basic studies have been carried out on heat transfer and pressure loss for tube bundles of different geometries and tube surfaces. As a part of this overall R+D programme for heat exchangers, investigations have been carried out on spacer pressure loss in bundles with longitudinal flow. An analytical spacer pressure loss model was developed which could handle different types of subchannel within the bundle. The model has been evaluated against experiments, using about 25 spacers of widely differing geometries. In a gas-cooled reactor it is important to keep the pressure loss over the primary circuit heat exchangers to a minimum. In exchangers with grid spacers these contribute a significant proportion of the overall bundle losses. For example, in the HHT Recuperator, with a shell-side pressure loss of 3.5 % of the inlet pressure, the spacers cause about one half of this loss. Reducing the loss to, say, 2.5 % results in an overall increase in plant efficiency by more than 1 % - a significant improvement Preliminary analysis identified 5 geometries in particular which were chosen for experimental evaluation as part  More>>
Authors:
Nordstroem, L A [1] 
  1. Swiss Federal Institute for Reactor Research, Wuerenlingen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1984
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IWGGCR-9
Reference Number:
EDB-00:119051
Resource Relation:
Conference: Specialists' meeting on heat exchanging components of gas-cooled reactors, Duesseldorf (Germany), 16-19 Apr 1984; Other Information: 3 refs, 11 figs; PBD: 1984; Related Information: In: Specialists' meeting on heat exchanging components of gas-cooled reactors, 619 pages.
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; FLUID FLOW; GAS COOLED REACTORS; HEAT EXCHANGERS; HELIUM; HYDRAULICS; LOSS OF FLOW; PRESSURE DROP; PRIMARY COOLANT CIRCUITS; SWISS ORGANIZATIONS; TESTING; THERMAL ANALYSIS; WATER
OSTI ID:
20111104
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, International Working Group on Gas-Cooled Reactors, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0055815051479
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 116-126
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Nordstroem, L A. Improved spacers for high temperature gas-cooled heat exchangers. IAEA: N. p., 1984. Web.
Nordstroem, L A. Improved spacers for high temperature gas-cooled heat exchangers. IAEA.
Nordstroem, L A. 1984. "Improved spacers for high temperature gas-cooled heat exchangers." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20111104,
title = {Improved spacers for high temperature gas-cooled heat exchangers}
author = {Nordstroem, L A}
abstractNote = {Experimental and analytical investigations in the field of heat exchanger thermohydraulics have been performed at EIR for many years, Basic studies have been carried out on heat transfer and pressure loss for tube bundles of different geometries and tube surfaces. As a part of this overall R+D programme for heat exchangers, investigations have been carried out on spacer pressure loss in bundles with longitudinal flow. An analytical spacer pressure loss model was developed which could handle different types of subchannel within the bundle. The model has been evaluated against experiments, using about 25 spacers of widely differing geometries. In a gas-cooled reactor it is important to keep the pressure loss over the primary circuit heat exchangers to a minimum. In exchangers with grid spacers these contribute a significant proportion of the overall bundle losses. For example, in the HHT Recuperator, with a shell-side pressure loss of 3.5 % of the inlet pressure, the spacers cause about one half of this loss. Reducing the loss to, say, 2.5 % results in an overall increase in plant efficiency by more than 1 % - a significant improvement Preliminary analysis identified 5 geometries in particular which were chosen for experimental evaluation as part of a joint project with the SULZER Company, to develop a low pressure-loss spacer for HHT heat exchangers (longitudinal counter-flow He/He and He/H{sub 2}O designs). The aim of the tests was to verify the low pressure-loss characteristics of these spacer grid types, as well as the quality of the results calculated by the computer code analytical model. The experimental and analytical results are compared in this report.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1984}
month = {Jul}
}