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Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement

Abstract

In the last 10-20 years, the development of science and technology applied to nutrition has been impressive. Nutrition can no longer be underestimated as a scientific discipline; nutrition embraces now modern physiology and biochemistry (including molecular biology), anthropology and the social sciences and requires real expertise from many sources, including the nuclear sector. Isotopic-based nuclear techniques provide reliable biological indicators that give, at the decision-maker level, important information to target and track progress in food and nutrition programs. They serve as tools for evaluating nutritional status of populations and individuals for micronutrients and vitamins, nutrient intake and bioavailability, body composition and energy balance. The information provided verifies the nature of the nutrition problem, helps implement or redirect on-going programs, guides in the processing of local foods and provides indicators of important long-term health improvements or broader social and economic advances. As a result of the investment in human resources undertaken by IAEA in recent years, under its mandate to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, nutritionists in developing countries are now more aware of the significance and benefits of isotopic techniques. This includes stable isotopic methods that are biologically safe and have no adverse environmental impacts. Equipment is being  More>>
Authors:
Vio, F; Uauy, R [1] 
  1. Instituto de Nutricion y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de Chile, Santiago (Chile)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2000
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
NAHRES-58
Reference Number:
EDB-00:115664
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Refs, 11 figs, 2 tabs; PBD: 2000
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; BIOLOGICAL AVAILABILITY; BODY COMPOSITION; HEAVY WATER; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; LACTATION; NUTRIENTS; NUTRITION; NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY; PREGNANCY; PUBLIC HEALTH
OSTI ID:
20106551
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Section of Nutritional and Health-Related Environmental Studies, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0056173053142
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
60 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Vio, F, and Uauy, R. Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement. IAEA: N. p., 2000. Web.
Vio, F, & Uauy, R. Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement. IAEA.
Vio, F, and Uauy, R. 2000. "Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20106551,
title = {Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement}
author = {Vio, F, and Uauy, R}
abstractNote = {In the last 10-20 years, the development of science and technology applied to nutrition has been impressive. Nutrition can no longer be underestimated as a scientific discipline; nutrition embraces now modern physiology and biochemistry (including molecular biology), anthropology and the social sciences and requires real expertise from many sources, including the nuclear sector. Isotopic-based nuclear techniques provide reliable biological indicators that give, at the decision-maker level, important information to target and track progress in food and nutrition programs. They serve as tools for evaluating nutritional status of populations and individuals for micronutrients and vitamins, nutrient intake and bioavailability, body composition and energy balance. The information provided verifies the nature of the nutrition problem, helps implement or redirect on-going programs, guides in the processing of local foods and provides indicators of important long-term health improvements or broader social and economic advances. As a result of the investment in human resources undertaken by IAEA in recent years, under its mandate to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, nutritionists in developing countries are now more aware of the significance and benefits of isotopic techniques. This includes stable isotopic methods that are biologically safe and have no adverse environmental impacts. Equipment is being increasingly made available by national investments in the science base. Sometimes IAEA has given specific and direct support but in many instances support previously provided for other nuclear sectors could be harnessed to address nutritional problems. In summary, the objectives now are to meet the nutrition challenges facing countries by the use of isotopes in nutritional evaluations, bearing in mind that isotopic and nuclear techniques are tools, not solutions by themselves. IAEA does not manage or fund nutrition investigations or interventions at the public health level; other international- national- and non-governmental-organizations have mandates for that. Nevertheless, IAEA is playing an enormously important role in facilitating the use of isotopic and nuclear related methods to improve the cost effectiveness of nutrition and health interventions. The aim of this document is therefore to describe the the nuclear techniques that are available to apply in evaluations of interventions in the current epidemiological and nutrition situation of the developing countries and in those with emerging economies.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {2000}
month = {Jul}
}