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Electric vehicle batteries. Development status for the promising candidates; Elbilsbatterier. Utvecklingsstatus foer de fraemsta kandidaterna

Abstract

One driver for the EV and HEV programme of KFB is to study the effects of a large scale introduction of electric vehicles in the future. Catella Generics was contracted to investigate and report on the development status for EV batteries and the success potential for the different candidates, their development obstacles and alternative usage and on the links between different players. The batteries studied in greater detail have been evaluated according to special criteria like performance, cost, ruggedness, resource efficiency, safety and environmental impact and how that will influence their likely success. Models for the evaluation of EV batteries have been developed by the car manufacturers and authorities. We have based our investigation on the criteria established by USABC and the modifications made by PNGV for the energy storage in hybrid electric vehicles. Some basic conclusions reported as a result of this investigation are listed below: Lead-acid may have a role as energy storage in HEVs. Ni/Cd batteries are attractive from a technical standpoint, but questioned based on the environmental concern for cadmium. Ni/MH batteries are attracting a great attention in the medium term. Na/NiCl{sub 2} batteries have been successful in the German demonstration programme. Lithium batteries have a  More>>
Authors:
Andersson, Bo; Johansson, Arne [1] 
  1. Catella Generics AB, Jaerfaella (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 2000
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KFB-2000-17
Reference Number:
EDB-01:012985
Resource Relation:
Other Information: 24 refs, 1 fig, 11 tabs; PBD: Apr 2000
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; FEASIBILITY STUDIES
OSTI ID:
20086739
Research Organizations:
Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board, Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
Swedish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1104-2621; ISBN 91-88371-72-7; TRN: SE0007325
Availability:
Available to ETDE participating countries only(see www.etde.org); commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20086739
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
65 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Andersson, Bo, and Johansson, Arne. Electric vehicle batteries. Development status for the promising candidates; Elbilsbatterier. Utvecklingsstatus foer de fraemsta kandidaterna. Sweden: N. p., 2000. Web.
Andersson, Bo, & Johansson, Arne. Electric vehicle batteries. Development status for the promising candidates; Elbilsbatterier. Utvecklingsstatus foer de fraemsta kandidaterna. Sweden.
Andersson, Bo, and Johansson, Arne. 2000. "Electric vehicle batteries. Development status for the promising candidates; Elbilsbatterier. Utvecklingsstatus foer de fraemsta kandidaterna." Sweden.
@misc{etde_20086739,
title = {Electric vehicle batteries. Development status for the promising candidates; Elbilsbatterier. Utvecklingsstatus foer de fraemsta kandidaterna}
author = {Andersson, Bo, and Johansson, Arne}
abstractNote = {One driver for the EV and HEV programme of KFB is to study the effects of a large scale introduction of electric vehicles in the future. Catella Generics was contracted to investigate and report on the development status for EV batteries and the success potential for the different candidates, their development obstacles and alternative usage and on the links between different players. The batteries studied in greater detail have been evaluated according to special criteria like performance, cost, ruggedness, resource efficiency, safety and environmental impact and how that will influence their likely success. Models for the evaluation of EV batteries have been developed by the car manufacturers and authorities. We have based our investigation on the criteria established by USABC and the modifications made by PNGV for the energy storage in hybrid electric vehicles. Some basic conclusions reported as a result of this investigation are listed below: Lead-acid may have a role as energy storage in HEVs. Ni/Cd batteries are attractive from a technical standpoint, but questioned based on the environmental concern for cadmium. Ni/MH batteries are attracting a great attention in the medium term. Na/NiCl{sub 2} batteries have been successful in the German demonstration programme. Lithium batteries have a great potential in the long term. Metal/air batteries have been operated without problems, however there need for a special infrastructure is a major draw-back. Fuel cells and ultra capacitors are new alternative power sources for propulsion of EVs, however these are not included in this report.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {2000}
month = {Apr}
}