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FY1995 development of micromachine technology based on insects; 1995 nendo konchu wo kihan to suru micromachine gijutsu no kakuritsu to jitsuyoka

Abstract

If we develop micromachines by reducing simply the size of conventional mechanical systems, we cannot get sufficient performances of them because of scale-effect. Small natural creatures, insects, have very good structures and functions reasonable for their small size. In this research, basic characteristics of sensors, actuators, information processing functions, etc. of insects are studied and artificial systems similar to them are developed for industrial application. (1) Compound eyes: Insect compound eyes is the visual sensor which is composed of microlenses which are distributed three-dimensionally, receptors which vibrate with small amplitude around an optical axis and neural networks. In this research, the large scale model (several centimeters sized) of insect compound eyes has been developed. (2) Pheromone sensor: Pheromone gas sensor has been made of real male silkworm moth antenae. This sensor has been proved to work well as the female pheromone detector. This sensor was installed at the nose part of a wheeled mobile robot and this robot was observed to act like a real silkworm moth subjected to female pheromone stream. (3) Electrostatic microactuator: Generally speaking, high voltage(higher than 100V) electric power is necessary to actuate the electrostatic actuator. It was considered to be impossible to actuate them directly  More>>
Publication Date:
Mar 01, 1997
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
JP-NEDO-010010667
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Mar 1997
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; INSECTS; MACHINERY; MINIATURIZATION; BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS; BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION; EYES; SILKWORM; MOTHS; PHEROMONE; ROBOTS; ACTUATORS
OSTI ID:
20085404
Research Organizations:
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: JN9940986
Availability:
Available to ETDE participating countries only(see www.etde.org); commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20085404
Submitting Site:
NEDO
Size:
88 pages
Announcement Date:
Apr 30, 2002

Citation Formats

None. FY1995 development of micromachine technology based on insects; 1995 nendo konchu wo kihan to suru micromachine gijutsu no kakuritsu to jitsuyoka. Japan: N. p., 1997. Web.
None. FY1995 development of micromachine technology based on insects; 1995 nendo konchu wo kihan to suru micromachine gijutsu no kakuritsu to jitsuyoka. Japan.
None. 1997. "FY1995 development of micromachine technology based on insects; 1995 nendo konchu wo kihan to suru micromachine gijutsu no kakuritsu to jitsuyoka." Japan.
@misc{etde_20085404,
title = {FY1995 development of micromachine technology based on insects; 1995 nendo konchu wo kihan to suru micromachine gijutsu no kakuritsu to jitsuyoka}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {If we develop micromachines by reducing simply the size of conventional mechanical systems, we cannot get sufficient performances of them because of scale-effect. Small natural creatures, insects, have very good structures and functions reasonable for their small size. In this research, basic characteristics of sensors, actuators, information processing functions, etc. of insects are studied and artificial systems similar to them are developed for industrial application. (1) Compound eyes: Insect compound eyes is the visual sensor which is composed of microlenses which are distributed three-dimensionally, receptors which vibrate with small amplitude around an optical axis and neural networks. In this research, the large scale model (several centimeters sized) of insect compound eyes has been developed. (2) Pheromone sensor: Pheromone gas sensor has been made of real male silkworm moth antenae. This sensor has been proved to work well as the female pheromone detector. This sensor was installed at the nose part of a wheeled mobile robot and this robot was observed to act like a real silkworm moth subjected to female pheromone stream. (3) Electrostatic microactuator: Generally speaking, high voltage(higher than 100V) electric power is necessary to actuate the electrostatic actuator. It was considered to be impossible to actuate them directly from CMOS. In this research, a new electrostatic actuator which can be actuated with less than 10V voltage can cause a fairly large displacement. (4) Hydraulic actuator: For micromachines, hydraulic pressure will be applicable for actuation. Structures may be simple and scale effect may give an advantageous characteristics for microsize. A butterfly-type flying robot was developed and it flied up along a vertical bar. (NEDO)}
place = {Japan}
year = {1997}
month = {Mar}
}