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Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Mexican adults from different socio-economic levels

Abstract

A study on risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 250 male and female adult subjects 20 years of age and over, pertaining to different socio-economic levels is being conducted in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Measurements of weight, height, waist/hip ratio, blood pressure, oral glucose tolerance test, blood levels of total of cholesterol, tryglicerides, LDL and HDL-cholesterol are being obtained. Body composition is being determined by deuterium dilution and infrared spectroscopy, air displacement plethysmography, skinfold thickness and bio-electrical impedance. Physical activity by questionnaire and diet by non-consecutive multiple 24 h recalls (to account for seasonal and inter-individual variability), will provide information on lifestyle and diet. At present, analysis of 141 subjects has been completed. Preliminary results showed high levels of overweight, 55% with BMI>25, and obesity, 17% with BMI>30. Subjects with abnormal glucose levels had significantly higher weight (p<0.008), larger waist/hip ratio (p<0.003), higher % body fat (p<0.01), higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.01; p<0.009 respectively) than normal subjects, after adjusting for sex and age. Serum tryglicerides were significantly higher in obese subjects with central adiposity than non-obese subjects. Body composition by deuterium dilution was determined by infrared spectroscopy and by air displacement plethysmography in a  More>>
Authors:
Valencia, M E; Ballesteros, M N; Ortega, M I; Noriega Gonzalez, E; Gallegos, A C; Calderon de la Barca, A.M. [1] 
  1. Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A.C. Carretera a la Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora (Mexico)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1999
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NAHRES-47
Reference Number:
EDB-00:112861
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1. research co-ordination meeting on co-ordinated research project on application of nuclear techniques in the prevention of degenerative diseases (obesity and non-insulin dependent diabetes) in ageing, Vienna (Austria), 3-7 May 1999; Other Information: 25 refs, 5 figs, 3 tabs; PBD: 1999; Related Information: In: Co-ordinated research project on application of nuclear techniques in the prevention of degenerative diseases (obesity and non-insulin dependent diabetes) in ageing, 95 pages.
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ADULTS; AGE DEPENDENCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; BODY COMPOSITION; CHOLESTEROL; DEUTERIUM; EXERCISE; INFRARED SPECTROMETERS; RISK ASSESSMENT; TRACER TECHNIQUES
OSTI ID:
20067526
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Section of Nutritional and Health-Related Environmental Studies, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
TRN: XA0054848030005
Availability:
Available from INIS in electronic form
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
page(s) 56-66
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Valencia, M E, Ballesteros, M N, Ortega, M I, Noriega Gonzalez, E, Gallegos, A C, and Calderon de la Barca, A.M. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Mexican adults from different socio-economic levels. IAEA: N. p., 1999. Web.
Valencia, M E, Ballesteros, M N, Ortega, M I, Noriega Gonzalez, E, Gallegos, A C, & Calderon de la Barca, A.M. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Mexican adults from different socio-economic levels. IAEA.
Valencia, M E, Ballesteros, M N, Ortega, M I, Noriega Gonzalez, E, Gallegos, A C, and Calderon de la Barca, A.M. 1999. "Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Mexican adults from different socio-economic levels." IAEA.
@misc{etde_20067526,
title = {Risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Mexican adults from different socio-economic levels}
author = {Valencia, M E, Ballesteros, M N, Ortega, M I, Noriega Gonzalez, E, Gallegos, A C, and Calderon de la Barca, A.M.}
abstractNote = {A study on risk factors for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 250 male and female adult subjects 20 years of age and over, pertaining to different socio-economic levels is being conducted in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Measurements of weight, height, waist/hip ratio, blood pressure, oral glucose tolerance test, blood levels of total of cholesterol, tryglicerides, LDL and HDL-cholesterol are being obtained. Body composition is being determined by deuterium dilution and infrared spectroscopy, air displacement plethysmography, skinfold thickness and bio-electrical impedance. Physical activity by questionnaire and diet by non-consecutive multiple 24 h recalls (to account for seasonal and inter-individual variability), will provide information on lifestyle and diet. At present, analysis of 141 subjects has been completed. Preliminary results showed high levels of overweight, 55% with BMI>25, and obesity, 17% with BMI>30. Subjects with abnormal glucose levels had significantly higher weight (p<0.008), larger waist/hip ratio (p<0.003), higher % body fat (p<0.01), higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p<0.01; p<0.009 respectively) than normal subjects, after adjusting for sex and age. Serum tryglicerides were significantly higher in obese subjects with central adiposity than non-obese subjects. Body composition by deuterium dilution was determined by infrared spectroscopy and by air displacement plethysmography in a preliminary pilot study. Finally, a physical activity questionnaire was tested in two groups of subjects with different lifestyles. (author)}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1999}
month = {Jul}
}