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ExternE National Implementation Finland

Abstract

ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40% of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75% of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations  More>>
Authors:
Pingoud, K; Maelkki, H; Wihersaari, M; Pirilae, P; [1]  Hongisto, M; [2]  Siitonen, S; [3]  Johansson, M [4] 
  1. VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland)
  2. Imatran Voima Oy, Vantaa (Finland)
  3. Ekono Energy Ltd, Espoo (Finland)
  4. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki (Finland)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1999
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-PUB-381
Reference Number:
EDB-00:085884
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1999
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 09 BIOMASS FUELS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; BIOMASS; COAL; PEAT; COMBUSTION; DUAL-PURPOSE POWER PLANTS; GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS; ELECTRIC POWER; POWER GENERATION; DISTRICT HEATING; GREENHOUSE GASES; EMISSION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; ECONOMIC IMPACT; FINLAND; ECOSYSTEMS; HEALTH HAZARDS; FORESTS; GREENHOUSE EFFECT
OSTI ID:
20063870
Research Organizations:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 951-38-5368-3; TRN: FI0003082
Availability:
Available to ETDE participating countries only(see www.etde.org); commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20063870
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
250 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Pingoud, K, Maelkki, H, Wihersaari, M, Pirilae, P, Hongisto, M, Siitonen, S, and Johansson, M. ExternE National Implementation Finland. Finland: N. p., 1999. Web.
Pingoud, K, Maelkki, H, Wihersaari, M, Pirilae, P, Hongisto, M, Siitonen, S, & Johansson, M. ExternE National Implementation Finland. Finland.
Pingoud, K, Maelkki, H, Wihersaari, M, Pirilae, P, Hongisto, M, Siitonen, S, and Johansson, M. 1999. "ExternE National Implementation Finland." Finland.
@misc{etde_20063870,
title = {ExternE National Implementation Finland}
author = {Pingoud, K, Maelkki, H, Wihersaari, M, Pirilae, P, Hongisto, M, Siitonen, S, and Johansson, M}
abstractNote = {ExternE National Implementation is a continuation of the ExternE Project, funded in part by the European Commission's Joule III Programme. This study is the result of the ExternE National Implementation Project for Finland. Three fuel cycles were selected for the Finnish study: coal, peat and wood-derived biomass, which together are responsible for about 40% of total electricity generation in Finland and about 75% of the non-nuclear fuel based generation. The estimated external costs or damages were dominated by the global warming (GW) impacts in the coal and peat fuel cycles, but knowledge of the true GW impacts is still uncertain. From among other impacts that were valued in monetary terms the human health damages due to airborne emissions dominated in all the three fuel cycles. Monetary valuation for ecosystem impacts is not possible using the ExternE methodology at present. The Meri-Pori power station representing the coal fuel cycle is one of the world's cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power plants with a condensing turbine. The coal is imported mainly from Poland. The estimated health damages were about 4 mECU/kWh, crop damages an order of magnitude lower and damages caused to building materials two orders of magnitude lower. The power stations of the peat and biomass fuel cycles are of CHP type, generating electricity and heat for the district heating systems of two cities. Their fuels are of domestic origin. The estimated health damages allocated to electricity generation were about 5 and 6 mECU/kWh, respectively. The estimates were case-specific and thus an generalisation of the results to the whole electricity generation in Finland is unrealistic. Despite the uncertainties and limitations of the methodology, it is a promising tool in the comparison of similar kinds of fuel cycles, new power plants and pollution abatement technologies and different plant locations with each other. (orig.)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1999}
month = {Jul}
}